GachetLeducBergeronEtAl2007

Reference

Gachet, S., Leduc, A., Bergeron, Y., Nguyen-Xuan, T., Tremblay, M.F. (2007) Understory vegetation of boreal tree plantations: Differences in relation to previous land use and natural forests. Forest Ecology and Management, 242(1):49-57.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate if and how the previous land use (here: agriculture versus forest) has influenced the floristic composition now observed in the understory of jack pine plantations of Abitibi-Temiscamingue (North-Eastern Canada). Floristic inventories were conducted in jack pine plantations which had been established on forest sites after logging and on sites previously utilized for agriculture. These were compared to one another and to inventories conducted in natural forests and on agricultural sites which had not (not yet) been planted with trees (old fields). The vegetation community composition of the sites is analysed using several multivariate techniques. Results show that the flora of plantations on old agricultural fields is markedly different than that of plantations established on sites which were previously forested and that the two types of plantation are unlikely to become floristically the same before the anticipated harvest time. Comparing old and young plantations and old fields in light of natural forests sites, we show that the previous land-use is a key determinant of future compositional differences in plantations. This must be considered when we evaluate the impact of establishing plantations on sites with different land-use histories. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { GachetLeducBergeronEtAl2007,
    AUTHOR = { Gachet, S. and Leduc, A. and Bergeron, Y. and Nguyen-Xuan, T. and Tremblay, M.F. },
    TITLE = { Understory vegetation of boreal tree plantations: Differences in relation to previous land use and natural forests },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 2007 },
    VOLUME = { 242 },
    PAGES = { 49-57 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 03781127 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECMD doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2007.01.037 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Gachet, S.; Chaire Industrielle CRSNG-UQAT-UQAM en Ame?nagement Forestier Durable; Universite? du Que?bec a? Montre?al; C.P. 8888 Succ. Centre-Ville Montre?al, Que. H3C 3P8, Canada; email: gachet@mnhn.fr References: ; Aubin, I., Gachet, S., Messier, C., Bouchard, A., How resilient are northern hardwood forests to human disturbance? An evaluation using a plant functional group approach (2007) Ecoscience, 14 (2); Augusto, L., Dupouey, J.-L., Picard, J.-F., Ranger, J., Potential contribution of the seed bank in coniferous plantations to the restoration of native deciduous forest vegetation (2001) Acta Oecol., 22, pp. 87-98; Bakker, J.P., Poschlod, P., Strykstra, R.J., Bekker, R.M., Thompson, K., Seed banks and seed dispersal: important topics in restoration ecology (1996) Acta Bot. Neerl., 45 (4), pp. 461-490; Barbour, R.J., Johnston, S., Hayes, J.P., Tucker, G.F., Simulated stand characteristics and wood product yields from Douglas-fir plantations managed for ecosystem objectives (1997) For. Ecol. Manage., 91, pp. 205-219; Bellemare, J., Motzkin, G., Foster, D.R., Legacies of the agricultural past in the forested present: an assessment of historical land-use effects on rich mesic forests (2002) J. Biogeogr., 29, pp. 1401-1420; Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., Camire?, P., Gangloff, P., (1985) Les types et les phases e?cologiques: relations fonctionnelles sol-ve?ge?tation, , Universite? d'Ottawa pp. 41-55; Bossuyt, B., Hermy, M., Influence of land use history on seed banks in European temperate forest ecosystems: a review (2001) Ecography, 24, pp. 225-238; Carey, A.B., Johnson, M.L., Small mammals in managed, naturally young- and old-growth forests (1995) Ecol. Appl., 5, pp. 336-352; ; Ferns, P.N., Cowie, R.J., Weir, A.G., Managing conifer plantations for the benefit of granivorous birds and mammals (1992) Aspects Appl. Biol., 29, pp. 83-88; Flinn, K.M., Vellend, M., Recovery of forest plant communities in post-agricultural landscapes (2005) Front. Ecol. Environ., 3, pp. 243-250; Fries, C., Johansson, O., Pettersson, B., Simonsson, P., Silvicultural models to maintain and restore natural stand structures in Swedish boreal forests (1997) For. Ecol. Manage., 94, pp. 89-103; Gerhardt, F., Foster, D.R., Physiographical and historical effects on forest vegetation in central new England, USA (2002) J. Biogeogr., 29, pp. 1421-1437; Gleason, H.A., Cronquist, A., (1991) Manual of Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, , New York Botanical Garden Press; Graae, B.J., Heskjaer, V.S., A comparison of understorey vegetation between untouched and managed deciduous forest in Denmark (1997) For. Ecol. Manage., 96, pp. 111-123; Grime, J.P., (1979) Plant Strategies and Vegetation Processes, , John Wiley \& Sons, Chichester; Hartley, M.J., Rationale and methods for conserving biodiversity in plantation forests (2002) For. Ecol. Manage., 155, pp. 81-95; He?rault, B., Honnay, O., The relative importance of local, regional and historical factors determining the distribution of plants in fragmented riverine forests: an emergent group approach (2005) J. Biogeogr., 32, pp. 2069-2081; Honnay, O., Verhaeghe, W., Hermy, M., Plant community assembly along dendritic networks of small forest streams (2001) Ecology, 82, pp. 1691-1702; Kimmins, J.P., (1997) Forest Ecology: A Foundation for Sustainable Management. 2nd ed., , MacMillan Publishing; Le?gare?, S., Bergeron, Y., Leduc, A., Pare?, D., Comparison of the understory vegetation in boreal forest types of southwest Quebec (2001) Can. J. Bot., 79, pp. 1019-1027; Legendre, P., Anderson, M., Distance-based redundancy analysis: testing multispecies responses in multifactorial ecological experiments (1999) Ecol. Monogr., 69 (1), pp. 1-24; Lepart, J., Escarre?, J., La succession ve?ge?tale, me?canismes et mode?les: analyse bibliographique (1983) Bull. Ecol., 14, pp. 133-178; Mcintyre, S., Lavorel, S., Tremont, R.M., Plant life-history attributes: their relationship to disturbance response in herbaceous vegetation (1995) J. Ecol., 83, pp. 31-44; ; Norton, D.A., Indigenous biodiversity conservation and plantation forestry: options for the future (1998) N. Z. For., 43 (2), pp. 34-39; Parker, G.R., Kimball, D.G., Dalzell, B., Bird communities breeding in selected spruce and pine plantations in New Brunswick (1994) Can. Field-Nat., 108, pp. 1-9; Peterken, G.F., Concepts of naturalness (1997) Naturalite? et fore?ts d'Europe, , Conseil de l'Europe, Strasbourg; Prodon, R., Lebreton, J.D., Analyses multivarie?e des relations espe?ces-milieu: structure et interpre?tation e?cologique (1994) Vie et Milieu, 44, pp. 69-91; Roberts, M.R., Gilliam, F.S., Patterns and mechanisms of plant diversity in forested ecosystems: implications for forest management (1995) Ecol. Appl., 5, pp. 969-977; Saucier, J., Berger, J., D'Avignon, H., Racine, P., (1994) Le point d'observation e?cologique. Journal, , Gouvernement du Que?bec, Ministe?re des Ressources Naturelles; ; Vellend, M., Parallel effects of land-use history on species diversity and genetic diversity of forest herbs (2004) Ecology, 85, pp. 3043-3055; Verheyen, K., Honnay, O., Motzkin, G., Hermy, M., Foster, D.R., Response of forest plant species to land-use change: a life-history trait-based approach (2003) J. Ecol., 91, pp. 563-577; Whitehead, D., Ecological aspects of natural and plantation forests (1982) For. Abstr., 43, pp. 73-92. },
    ABSTRACT = { The aim of this study was to evaluate if and how the previous land use (here: agriculture versus forest) has influenced the floristic composition now observed in the understory of jack pine plantations of Abitibi-Temiscamingue (North-Eastern Canada). Floristic inventories were conducted in jack pine plantations which had been established on forest sites after logging and on sites previously utilized for agriculture. These were compared to one another and to inventories conducted in natural forests and on agricultural sites which had not (not yet) been planted with trees (old fields). The vegetation community composition of the sites is analysed using several multivariate techniques. Results show that the flora of plantations on old agricultural fields is markedly different than that of plantations established on sites which were previously forested and that the two types of plantation are unlikely to become floristically the same before the anticipated harvest time. Comparing old and young plantations and old fields in light of natural forests sites, we show that the previous land-use is a key determinant of future compositional differences in plantations. This must be considered when we evaluate the impact of establishing plantations on sites with different land-use histories. © 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. },
    KEYWORDS = { Biodiversity Ecological value Flora Multivariate analysis Old fields Site conversion },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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