HarveyLeducGauthierEtAl2002

Reference

Harvey, B.D., Leduc, A., Gauthier, S. and Bergeron, Y. (2002) Stand-landscape integration in natural disturbance-based management of the southern boreal forest. Forest Ecology and Management, 155(1-3):369-385.

Abstract

Forest ecosystem management, based partly on a greater understanding of natural disturbance regimes, has many variations but is generally considered the most promising approach to accommodating biodiversity concerns in managed forested regions. Using the Lake Duparquet Forest in the southeastern Canadian boreal forest as an example, we demonstrate an approach that attempts to integrate forest and stand-level scales in biodiversity maintenance. The concept of cohorts is used to integrate stand age, composition and structure into broad successional or stand development phases. Mean forest age (MFA), because it partly incorporates historic variability of the regional fire cycle, is used as a target fire cycle. At the landscape level, forest composition and cohort objectives are derived from regional natural disturbance history, ecosystem classification, stand dynamics and a negative exponential age distribution based on a 140 year fire cycle. The resulting multi-cohort structure provides a framework for maintaining the landscape in a semi-natural age structure and composition. At the stand level, the approach relies on diversifying interventions, using both even-aged and uneven-aged silviculture to reflect natural stand dynamics, control the passage ("fluxes") between forest types of different cohorts and maintain forest-level objectives. Partial and selective harvesting is intended to create the structural and compositional characteristics of mid- to late-successional forest types and, as such, offers an alternative to increasing rotation lengths to maintain ecosystem diversity associated with overmature and old-growth forests. The approach does not however supplant the necessity for complementary strategies for maintaining biodiversity such as the creation of reserves to protect rare, old or simply natural ecosystems. The emphasis on maintaining the cohort structure and forest type diversity contrasts significantly with current even-aged management in the Canadian boreal forest and has implications for stand-level interventions, notably in necessitating a greater diversification of silvicultural practices including more uneven-aged harvesting regimes. The approach also presents a number of operational challenges and potentially higher risks associated with multiply stand entries, partial cutting and longer intervals between final harvests. There is a need for translating the conceptual model into a more quantitative silvicultural framework. Silvicultural trials have been established to evaluate stand-level responses to treatments and operational aspects of the approach. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

EndNote Format

You can import this reference in EndNote.

BibTeX-CSV Format

You can import this reference in BibTeX-CSV format.

BibTeX Format

You can copy the BibTeX entry of this reference below, orimport it directly in a software like JabRef .

@ARTICLE { HarveyLeducGauthierEtAl2002,
    AUTHOR = { Harvey, B.D. and Leduc, A. and Gauthier, S. and Bergeron, Y. },
    TITLE = { Stand-landscape integration in natural disturbance-based management of the southern boreal forest },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 2002 },
    VOLUME = { 155 },
    PAGES = { 369-385 },
    NUMBER = { 1-3 },
    NOTE = { 03781127 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 45 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECMD doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(01)00573-4 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Harvey, B.D.; URDFA-T; Univ. Quebec Abitibi-Temiscamingue; 445, boulevard de l'Universite Rouyn-Noranda, Que. J9X 5E4, Canada; email: brian.harvey@uqat.uquebec.ca References: Armstrong, G.W., A stochastic characterisation of the natural disturbance regime of the boreal mixedwood forest with implications for sustainable forest management (1999) Can. J. For. Res., 29, pp. 424-433; Attiwill, P.M., The disturbance of forest ecosystems - The ecological basis for conservation management (1994) For. Ecol. Manage., 63, pp. 247-300; Bergeron, Y., The influence of island and mainland lakeshore landscapes on boreal forest fire regimes (1991) Ecology, 72, pp. 1980-1992; Bergeron, Y., Species and stand dynamics in the mixedwoods of Quebec's southern boreal forest (2000) Ecology, 81, pp. 1200-1516; Bergeron, Y., Charron, D., Postfire stand dynamics in a southern boreal forest (Que?bec): A dendroecological approach (1994) Ecoscience, 1 (2), pp. 173-184; Bergeron, Y., Dansereau, P., Predicting the composition of Canadian southern boreal forest in different fire cycles (1993) J. Veg. Sci., 3, pp. 827-832; Bergeron, Y., Dubuc, M., Forest succession in the southern part of the boreal forest (1989) Can. Vege., 79, pp. 51-63; Bergeron, Y., Harvey, B., Basing silviculture on natural ecosystem dynamics: An approach applied to the southern boreal mixedwood forest of Quebec (1997) For. Ecol. Manage., 92, pp. 235-242; Bergeron, Y., Leduc, A., Relationships between change in fire frequency and mortality due to spruce budworm outbreak in the southeastern Canadian boreal forest (1998) J. Veg. Sci., 9, pp. 492-500; Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., Gangloff, P., Camire?, C., (1983) La classification e?cologique des milieux forestiers d'une partie des cantons d'He?be?court et de Roquemaure. E?tudes e?cologiques, 9, p. 169. , Universite? Laval, Que?bec; Bergeron, Y., Morin, H., Leduc, A., Joyal, C., Balsam fir mortality following the last spruce budworm outbreak in northwestern Quebec (1995) Can. J. For. Res., 25, pp. 1375-1384; Bergeron, Y., Harvey, B., Leduc, A., Gauthier, S., Basing forest management on natural disturbance: Stand- and landscape-level considerations (1999) For. Chron., 75 (1), pp. 49-54; Bergeron, Y., Gauthier, S., Carcaillet, C., Flannigan, M., Prairie, Y., Richard, P.J.H., Variability in fire frequency and forest composition in Canada's southeastern boreal forest: A challenge for sustainable forest management (1999) Proceedings of the 1999 Sustainable Forest Management Network Conference, pp. 74-80. , Veeman, T.S., Smith, D.W., Purdy, B.G., Salkie, F.J. (Eds.); Bergeron, Y., Richard, P.J.H., Carcaillet, C., Flannigan, M., Gauthier, S., Prairie, Y., Variability in Holocene fire frequency and forest composition in Canada's southeastern boreal forest: A challenge for sustainable forest management (1998) Conservation Ecology (on-line), 2 (2). , http://www.consecol.org/Journal/vol2/iss2/art6/, art. 6; Bergeron, Y., Leduc, A., Gauthier, S., Harvey, B., Natural fire regime: A guide for sustainable forest management of the boreal forest (2001) Silva Fennica, , accepted; Brais, S., Camire?, C., Bergeron, Y., Pare?, D., Changes in nutrient availability and forest floor characteristics in relation to stand age and forest composition in the southern part of the boreal forest of northwestern Que?bec (1995) For. Ecol. Manage., 76, pp. 181-189; Buongiorno, J., Dahir, S., Lu, H.-C., Lin, C.R., Tree size diversity and economic returns in uneven-aged stands (1994) For. Sci., 40 (1), pp. 83-103; Burns, R.M., Honkala, B.H., Silvics of North America (1990) Agriculture Handbook 654, 1-2. , Forest Service, USDA, Washington, DC; Burton, P.J., Kneeshaw, D.D., Coates, K.D., Managing forest harvesting to maintain old-growth forest in the sub-boreal spruce zone of British Columbia (1999) For. Chron., 75, pp. 623-631; Dansereau, P., Bergeron, Y., Fire history in the southern boreal forest of northwestern Quebec (1993) Can. J. For. Res., 23, pp. 25-32; DeGrandpre?, L., Gagnon, D., Bergeron, Y., Changes in the understory of Canadian southern boreal forest after fire (1993) J. Veg. Sci., 3, pp. 803-810; Fox, T.R., Buger, J.A., Kreh, R.E., Effects of site preparation on nitrogen dynamics in the southern piedmont (1986) For. Ecol. Manage., 15, pp. 241-256; Franklin, J.F., Preserving biodiversity: Species, ecosystems or landscapes (1993) Ecol. Applic., 3, pp. 202-205; Galipeau, C., Kneeshaw, D., Bergeron, Y., White spruce and balsam fir colonization of a site in the south eastern boreal forest as observed 68 years after fire (1997) Can. J. For. Res., 27, pp. 139-147; Gauthier, S., Leduc, A., Bergeron, Y., Forest dynamics modelling under a natural fire cycle: A tool to define natural mosaic diversity in forest management (1996) Environ. Monitor. Assess., 39, pp. 417-434; Gauthier, S., Lefort, P., Bergeron, Y., Drapeau, P., (2000) Time since fire map, age-class distribution and forest dynamics in the Lake Abitibi Model Forest, , Preliminary Information Report submitted to the LAMF, Iroquois Falls, Ont., Canada; Graham, R.T., Jain, T.B., Silviculture's role in managing boreal forests (1998) Conservation Ecology, (on-line), 2 (2). , http://www.consecol.org/Journal/vol2/iss2/art8/, art. 8; Greene, D.F., Zasada, J.C., Sirois, L., Kneeshaw, D., Morin, H., Charron, I., Simard, M.-J., A review of the regeneration dynamics of North American boreal forest tree species (1999) Can. J. For. Res., 29, pp. 824-839; Grondin, P., Blouin, J., Racine, P., (1999) Rapport de classification e?cologique du sous-domaine bioclimatique de la sapinie?re a? bouleau blanc de l'ouest, p. 220. , Ministe?re des Ressources naturelles du Que?bec. Direction des inventaires forestiers, Que., Canada; Harris, L.D., (1984) The Fragmented Forest: Island Biogeography Theory and the Theory and the Preservation of Biotic Diversity, , University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL; Harvey, B., The Lake Duparquet research and teaching forest: Building a foundation for ecosystem management (1999) For. Chron., 75 (3), pp. 389-393; Harvey, B., Leduc, A., (1999) Fore?t d'enseignement et de recherche du Lac Duparquet: Plan ge?ne?ral d'ame?nagement (1998-2023), p. 144. , Unpublished document, maps; Hunter Jr., M.L., (1999) Maintaining Biodiversity in Forest Ecosystems, p. 698. , Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK; Johnson, E.A., Van Wagner, C.E., The theory and use of two fire history models (1985) Can. J. For. Res., 15, pp. 214-220; Johnson, E.A., Miyanishi, K., Weir, J.M.H., Wildfires in the western Canadian boreal forest: Landscape patterns and ecosystem management (1998) J. Veg. Sci., 9, pp. 603-610; Keenan, R.J., Kimmins, J.P., The ecological effects of clearcutting (1993) Environ. Rev., 1, pp. 121-144; Kimmins, J.P., Evaluation of consequences for future tree productivity of the loss of nutrients in whole-tree harvesting (1977) For. Ecol. Manage., 1, pp. 169-183; Kimmins, J.P., (1997) Forest Ecology: A Foundation for Sustainable Management, 2nd Edition, p. 596. , Prentice Hall, New Jersey; Kneeshaw, D., Bergeron, Y., Ecological factors affecting the abundance of advanced regeneration in Que?bec's southwestern boreal forest (1996) Can. J. For. Res., 26, pp. 888-898; Kneeshaw, D., Bergeron, Y., Canopy gap dynamics and tree replacement in the southeastern boreal forest (1998) Ecology, 79 (3), pp. 783-794; Kneeshaw, D., Bergeron, Y., Spatial and temporal patterns of seedling recruitment within spruce budworm caused canopy gaps (1999) Ecoscience, 6 (2), pp. 214-222; La?ma?s, T., Thuresson, T., So?ren, H., A cost function estimating the loss due to extended rotation age (1996) Scand. J. For. Res., 11, pp. 193-199; Landres, P.B., Morgan, P., Swanson, F.J., Overview of the use of natural variability concepts in managed ecological systems (1999) Ecol. Appl., 9 (4), pp. 1179-1188; Lavertu, D., Mauffette, Y., Bergeron, Y., Suckering success of aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) in relation to stand age and soil disturbance (1994) J. Veg. Sci., 5, pp. 561-568; Leduc, A., Gauthier, S., Bergeron, Y., Pre?vision de la composition d'une mosai?que forestie?re naturelle soumise a? un re?gime des feux: Proposition d'un mode?le empirique pour le nord-ouest du Que?bec (1995) Me?thodes et re?alisations de l'e?cologie du paysage pour l'ame?nagement du territoire, pp. 197-205. , Domon, G., Falardeau, J. (Eds.), Polyscience publication, Morin Heights; Lieffers, V.J., Beck Jr., J.A., A semi-natural approach to mixedwood management in the prairie provinces (1994) For. Chron., 70, pp. 260-264; Lieffers, V.J., Macmillan, R.B., MacPherson, D., Branter, K., Stewart, J.D., Semi-natural and intensive silvicultural systems for the boreal mixedwood forest (1996) For. Chron., 72, pp. 286-292; Longpre?, M.-H., Bergeron, Y., Pare?, D., Be?land, M., Effect of companion species on jack pine growth (1994) Can. J. For. Res., 24, pp. 1846-1853; Lundmark-Thelin, A., Johansson, M.B., Influence of mechanical site preparation on decomposition and nutrient dynamics of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) needle litter and slash needles (1997) For. Ecol. Manage., 96, pp. 101-110; MacDonald, B., The case for boreal mixedwood management: An Ontario perspective (1995) For. Chron., 71, pp. 725-734; Man, R., Lieffers, V.J., Are mixtures of aspen and white spruce more productive than single species stands? (1999) For. Chron., 75 (3), pp. 505-513; Messier, C., Doucet, R., Ruel, J.-C., Claveau, Y., Kelly, C., Lechowicz, M., Functional ecology of advance regeneration in relation to light in boreal forests (1999) Can. J. For. Res., 29 (6), pp. 812-823; Millar, C.I., Woolfenden, W.B., The role of climate change in interpreting historical variability (1999) Ecol. Appl., 9 (4), pp. 1207-1216; Mladenoff, D.J., White, M.A., Pastor, J., Crow, T.R., Comparing spatial pattern in unaltered old-growth and disturbed forest landscapes for biodiversity design and management (1993) Ecol. Appl., 3, pp. 293-305; Morin, H., Laprise, D., Bergeron, Y., Chronology of spruce budworm outbreaks in the Lake Duparquet region, Abitibi, Que?bec (1993) Can. J. For. Res., 23, pp. 1497-1506; Norton, M.R., Hannon, S.J., Songbird response to partial-cut logging in the boreal mixedwood forest of Alberta (1997) Can. J. For. Res., 27, pp. 44-53; Pare?, D., Bergeron, Y., Above ground biomass accumulation along a 230 year chronosequence in the southern portion of the Canadian boreal forest (1995) J. Ecol., 83, pp. 1001-1008; Pare?, D., Bergeron, Y., Influence of colonizing trees on soil properties following fire in the Canadian southern boreal forest (1996) Can. J. For. Res., 26, pp. 1022-1031; Pare?, D., Bergeron, Y., Camire?, C., Changes in the forest floor of Canadian southern boreal forest after disturbance (1993) J. Veg. Sci., 3, pp. 811-818; Prescott, C.E., Maynard, D.G., Laiho, R., Humus in northern forests: Friend or foe? (2000) For. Ecol. Manage., 133, pp. 23-36; Robitaille, A., Saucier, J.-P., (1998) Paysages re?gionaux du Que?bec me?ridional, p. 213. , Les publications du Que?bec, Que?bec; Rowe, J.S., (1972) Forest Regions of Canada, , Environment Canada, Ottawa; Seymour, R.S., Hunter Jr., M.L., (1992) New forestry in eastern spruce-fir forests: principles and application to Maine, p. 36. , Maine Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, Miscellaneous Publication 716; Seymour, R.S., Hunter Jr., M.L., Principles of ecological forestry (1999) Maintaining Biodiversity in Forest Ecosystems, pp. 22-61. , Hunter Jr., M.L. (Ed.). Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK; Simard, M.J., Bergeron, Y., Sirois, L., Conifer recruitment in the southeastern Canadian boreal forest: The importance of substrate (1998) J. Veg. Sci., 9, pp. 575-582; Vitousek, P.M., Matson, P.A., Disturbance, nitrogen availability, and nitrogen losses in an intensively managed loblolly pine plantation (1985) Ecology, 66 (4), pp. 1360-1376; Weber, M.G., Response of immature aspen ecosystems to cutting and burning in relation to vernal leaf flush (1990) For. Ecol. Manage., 31, pp. 15-33. },
    ABSTRACT = { Forest ecosystem management, based partly on a greater understanding of natural disturbance regimes, has many variations but is generally considered the most promising approach to accommodating biodiversity concerns in managed forested regions. Using the Lake Duparquet Forest in the southeastern Canadian boreal forest as an example, we demonstrate an approach that attempts to integrate forest and stand-level scales in biodiversity maintenance. The concept of cohorts is used to integrate stand age, composition and structure into broad successional or stand development phases. Mean forest age (MFA), because it partly incorporates historic variability of the regional fire cycle, is used as a target fire cycle. At the landscape level, forest composition and cohort objectives are derived from regional natural disturbance history, ecosystem classification, stand dynamics and a negative exponential age distribution based on a 140 year fire cycle. The resulting multi-cohort structure provides a framework for maintaining the landscape in a semi-natural age structure and composition. At the stand level, the approach relies on diversifying interventions, using both even-aged and uneven-aged silviculture to reflect natural stand dynamics, control the passage ("fluxes") between forest types of different cohorts and maintain forest-level objectives. Partial and selective harvesting is intended to create the structural and compositional characteristics of mid- to late-successional forest types and, as such, offers an alternative to increasing rotation lengths to maintain ecosystem diversity associated with overmature and old-growth forests. The approach does not however supplant the necessity for complementary strategies for maintaining biodiversity such as the creation of reserves to protect rare, old or simply natural ecosystems. The emphasis on maintaining the cohort structure and forest type diversity contrasts significantly with current even-aged management in the Canadian boreal forest and has implications for stand-level interventions, notably in necessitating a greater diversification of silvicultural practices including more uneven-aged harvesting regimes. The approach also presents a number of operational challenges and potentially higher risks associated with multiply stand entries, partial cutting and longer intervals between final harvests. There is a need for translating the conceptual model into a more quantitative silvicultural framework. Silvicultural trials have been established to evaluate stand-level responses to treatments and operational aspects of the approach. © 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. },
    KEYWORDS = { Biodiversity Boreal forest Management Natural disturbance Silviculture Biodiversity Ecosystems Fire protection Harvesting Landforms Siliviculture Forestry biodiversity boreal forest disturbance forest management Canada },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

École d'été : Modélisation de la biodiversité 
19 au 24 août 2018, Orford

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Carapace ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Budworm ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Colibri **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ********** Pub 6 - Au coeur de l'arbre *********** **********************************************************

...Une exposition
virtuelle sur l'arbre!

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...