PaquetteHawryshynSenikasEtAl2009

Reference

Paquette, A., Hawryshyn, J., Senikas, A.V. and Potvin, C. (2009) Enrichment Planting in Secondary Forests: a Promising Clean Development Mechanism to Increase Terrestrial Carbon Sinks. Ecology and Society, 14(1):31.

Abstract

With the increasing need to reduce greenhouse gas concentrations, afforestation and reforestation (A/R) projects are being implemented under the Kyoto Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and under the voluntary carbon (C) market. The specific objective of A/R C projects is to enhance terrestrial sinks. They could also provide low-income communities in developing countries with a source of revenue, as well as a number of ecological and social services. However, feasibility issues have hindered implementation of A/R CDMs. We propose enrichment planting (EP) in old fallow using high-value native timber species as a land-use alternative and a small-scale C projects opportunity. We present EP in the context of ongoing work in a poor indigenous community in eastern Panama. We consider economic risks and advantages and concordance with existing modalities under the compliance market. The potential storage capacity for EP at the site of our study was similar to 113 Mg C ha(-1), which is comparable to other land uses with high C storage, such as industrial teak plantations and primary forest. Because secondary forests show high aboveground biomass production, C projects using EP could harness large amounts of atmospheric C while improving diversity. Carbon projects using EP can also provide high levels of social, cultural, and ecological services by planting native tree species of traditional importance to local communities and preserving most of the secondary forest's ecological attributes. Therefore, EP planting could be considered as a way to promote synergies between two UN Conventions: climate change and biodiversity.

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@ARTICLE { PaquetteHawryshynSenikasEtAl2009,
    AUTHOR = { Paquette, A. and Hawryshyn, J. and Senikas, A.V. and Potvin, C. },
    TITLE = { Enrichment Planting in Secondary Forests: a Promising Clean Development Mechanism to Increase Terrestrial Carbon Sinks },
    JOURNAL = { Ecology and Society },
    YEAR = { 2009 },
    VOLUME = { 14 },
    PAGES = { 31 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    MONTH = { jun },
    AF = { Paquette, AlainEOLEOLHawryshyn, JessicaEOLEOLSenikas, Alexandra VytaEOLEOLPotvin, Catherine },
    C1 = { [Paquette, Alain] Univ Quebec, Ctr Etude Foret, Montreal, PQ H3C 3P8, Canada.EOLEOL[Hawryshyn, Jessica; Senikas, Alexandra Vyta; Potvin, Catherine] McGill Univ, Dept Biol, Montreal, PQ H3A 2T5, Canada.EOLEOL[Hawryshyn, Jessica; Senikas, Alexandra Vyta; Potvin, Catherine] McGill Univ, McGill Sch Environm, Montreal, PQ H3A 2T5, Canada.EOLEOL[Potvin, Catherine] Smithsonian Trop Res Inst, Balboa, Panama. },
    DE = { biodiversity; carbon sequestration; clean development mechanism;EOLEOLenrichment planting; indigenous communities; payments for environmentalEOLEOLservices; secondary forests },
    FU = { McGill Panama Field Study Semester ; NSERC },
    FX = { The authors wish to express their deepest thanks to the community ofEOLEOLIpet-Embea. Other thanks to M. Boenke, J. L. Bonilla, G. U. Cabrera, S.EOLEOLHutchinson, R. Ibanez, O. Ramos, and to J. Hall and the staff atEOLEOLPRORENA for their help. This work was carried out in part by J. H. andEOLEOLA. V. S. as a requirement for the McGill Panama Field Study Semester.EOLEOLNSERC financial support to C. P. and A. P. is acknowledged. },
    GA = { 468TY },
    J9 = { ECOL SOC },
    JI = { Ecol. Soc. },
    LA = { English },
    NR = { 70 },
    PA = { ACADIA UNIV, BIOLOGY DEPT, WOLFVILLE, NS B0P 1X0, CANADA },
    PG = { 15 },
    PI = { WOLFVILLE },
    RP = { Paquette, A, Univ Quebec, Ctr Etude Foret, Montreal, PQ H3C 3P8, Canada. },
    SC = { Ecology },
    SN = { 1708-3087 },
    TC = { 1 },
    UT = { ISI:000267846300041 },
    ABSTRACT = { With the increasing need to reduce greenhouse gas concentrations, afforestation and reforestation (A/R) projects are being implemented under the Kyoto Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) and under the voluntary carbon (C) market. The specific objective of A/R C projects is to enhance terrestrial sinks. They could also provide low-income communities in developing countries with a source of revenue, as well as a number of ecological and social services. However, feasibility issues have hindered implementation of A/R CDMs. We propose enrichment planting (EP) in old fallow using high-value native timber species as a land-use alternative and a small-scale C projects opportunity. We present EP in the context of ongoing work in a poor indigenous community in eastern Panama. We consider economic risks and advantages and concordance with existing modalities under the compliance market. The potential storage capacity for EP at the site of our study was similar to 113 Mg C ha(-1), which is comparable to other land uses with high C storage, such as industrial teak plantations and primary forest. Because secondary forests show high aboveground biomass production, C projects using EP could harness large amounts of atmospheric C while improving diversity. Carbon projects using EP can also provide high levels of social, cultural, and ecological services by planting native tree species of traditional importance to local communities and preserving most of the secondary forest's ecological attributes. Therefore, EP planting could be considered as a way to promote synergies between two UN Conventions: climate change and biodiversity. },
    KEYWORDS = { HUMID TROPICAL REGION; ENVIRONMENTAL SERVICES; COSTA-RICA; PLANTATION FORESTRY; SPECIES LOSS; LAND-USE; BIODIVERSITY; CONSERVATION; MANAGEMENT; PAYMENTS },
    OWNER = { sobru1 },
    PUBLISHER = { Resilience Alliance },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2009.07.24 },
}

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