DuanZhangXuEtAl2015

Reference

Duan, B., Zhang, Y., Xu, G., Chen, J., Paquette, A. and Peng, S. (2015) Long-term responses of plant growth, soil microbial communities and soil enzyme activities to elevated CO<inf>2</inf> and neighbouring plants. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 213:91-101. (Scopus )

Abstract

Tree neighbourhoods can complicate the prediction of plant belowground responses to elevated CO<inf>2</inf>. We studied the effects of elevated CO<inf>2</inf> on the root traits, soil microbial communities, and microbial extracellular enzyme activities in the rhizospheres of Abies faxoniana saplings grown alone or with different neighbouring species. A. faxoniana (alone), A. faxoniana grown with dwarf bamboo (Fargesia rufa), and A. faxoniana grown with biocrusts were exposed to ambient or to CO<inf>2</inf>-enriched air (ambient+350µmolmol-1) for six years. The CO<inf>2</inf>×neighbourhood interaction significantly affected A. faxoniana saplings growth, soil microbial communities, and soil enzyme activities. Elevated CO<inf>2</inf> had relatively little effect on plant and microbial biomass and phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) profiles in saplings grown alone. However, increased ectomycorrhizal colonization was observed in the roots of these saplings. Results suggested that the growth of saplings grown with biocrusts under elevated CO<inf>2</inf> conditions was obtained by the enhanced soil microbial characteristics, whereas the positive effects of elevated CO<inf>2</inf> on ectomycorrhizal fungi colonization in saplings grown alone could not delay or alleviate the progressive nitrogen (N) limitation as is evidenced by similar plant biomass under elevated and ambient CO<inf>2</inf> treatments. In contrast, elevated CO<inf>2</inf> significantly decreased the growth of A. faxoniana in the presence of dwarf bamboo, and this reduction was accompanied by decreased soil and leaf N concentrations, microbial biomass carbon (C) and N, labile C, and total PLFA. We propose that the depletion of the C pool and the reduction in the soil microbial metabolic activities in saplings grown with dwarf bamboo may limit the rates of decomposition to release nutrients from organic matter for plant growth. These results suggest that neighbouring plants have belowground feedback that potentially contributes to plant performance. On the other hand, the results of the present study also showed that the responses of soil organic C to elevated CO<inf>2</inf> are different in the presence and absence of neighbours and dependent on neighbour identity. Only mesocosms with biocrust had a tendency to maintain more soil organic C by increased soil microbial community abundance. Our results also highlight the value of studying elevated CO<inf>2</inf> effects on aboveground-belowground associations to improve the prediction of subalpine ecosystem functioning under climate changes. © 2015 Elsevier B.V.

EndNote Format

You can import this reference in EndNote.

BibTeX-CSV Format

You can import this reference in BibTeX-CSV format.

BibTeX Format

You can copy the BibTeX entry of this reference below, orimport it directly in a software like JabRef .

@ARTICLE { DuanZhangXuEtAl2015,
    AUTHOR = { Duan, B. and Zhang, Y. and Xu, G. and Chen, J. and Paquette, A. and Peng, S. },
    TITLE = { Long-term responses of plant growth, soil microbial communities and soil enzyme activities to elevated CO<inf>2</inf> and neighbouring plants },
    JOURNAL = { Agricultural and Forest Meteorology },
    YEAR = { 2015 },
    VOLUME = { 213 },
    PAGES = { 91-101 },
    NOTE = { cited By 3 },
    ABSTRACT = { Tree neighbourhoods can complicate the prediction of plant belowground responses to elevated CO<inf>2</inf>. We studied the effects of elevated CO<inf>2</inf> on the root traits, soil microbial communities, and microbial extracellular enzyme activities in the rhizospheres of Abies faxoniana saplings grown alone or with different neighbouring species. A. faxoniana (alone), A. faxoniana grown with dwarf bamboo (Fargesia rufa), and A. faxoniana grown with biocrusts were exposed to ambient or to CO<inf>2</inf>-enriched air (ambient+350µmolmol-1) for six years. The CO<inf>2</inf>×neighbourhood interaction significantly affected A. faxoniana saplings growth, soil microbial communities, and soil enzyme activities. Elevated CO<inf>2</inf> had relatively little effect on plant and microbial biomass and phospholipid fatty acid (PLFA) profiles in saplings grown alone. However, increased ectomycorrhizal colonization was observed in the roots of these saplings. Results suggested that the growth of saplings grown with biocrusts under elevated CO<inf>2</inf> conditions was obtained by the enhanced soil microbial characteristics, whereas the positive effects of elevated CO<inf>2</inf> on ectomycorrhizal fungi colonization in saplings grown alone could not delay or alleviate the progressive nitrogen (N) limitation as is evidenced by similar plant biomass under elevated and ambient CO<inf>2</inf> treatments. In contrast, elevated CO<inf>2</inf> significantly decreased the growth of A. faxoniana in the presence of dwarf bamboo, and this reduction was accompanied by decreased soil and leaf N concentrations, microbial biomass carbon (C) and N, labile C, and total PLFA. We propose that the depletion of the C pool and the reduction in the soil microbial metabolic activities in saplings grown with dwarf bamboo may limit the rates of decomposition to release nutrients from organic matter for plant growth. These results suggest that neighbouring plants have belowground feedback that potentially contributes to plant performance. On the other hand, the results of the present study also showed that the responses of soil organic C to elevated CO<inf>2</inf> are different in the presence and absence of neighbours and dependent on neighbour identity. Only mesocosms with biocrust had a tendency to maintain more soil organic C by increased soil microbial community abundance. Our results also highlight the value of studying elevated CO<inf>2</inf> effects on aboveground-belowground associations to improve the prediction of subalpine ecosystem functioning under climate changes. © 2015 Elsevier B.V. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { competition; elevated CO<inf>2</inf>; fungal colonization; microbial community; PLFA },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.agrformet.2015.06.017 },
    KEYWORDS = { bamboo; biomass; carbon dioxide; competition (ecology); ectomycorrhiza; enzyme activity; evergreen tree; fatty acid; growth response; long-term change; mesocosm; microbial community; nitrogen; root colonization; root system; sapling; soil carbon; soil microorganism, Abies faxoniana; Fargesia; Fungi },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84936749001&doi=10.1016%2fj.agrformet.2015.06.017&partnerID=40&md5=76fb0c4ed97eef4ac289b252716b4cee },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

Ecole d'été en Biologie et Ecologie intégratives 
6-12 juillet 2019, Pyrénées françaises
École d'été en modélisation de la biodiversité 
19-23 août 2019, Orford
Cours aux cycles supérieurs: Aménagement des écosystèmes forestiers 
19-30 août 2019, Station FERLD

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Symphonies_Boreales ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...