SteidingerCrowtherLiangEtAl2019

Reference

Steidinger, B.S., Crowther, T.W., Liang, J., Van Nuland, M.E., Werner, G.D.A., Reich, P.B., Nabuurs, G., de-Miguel, S., Zhou, M., Picard, N., Herault, B., Zhao, X., Zhang, C., Routh, D., Peay, K.G., Abegg, M., Adou Yao, C.Y., Alberti, G., Almeyda Zambrano, A., Alvarez-Davila, E., Alvarez-Loayza, P., Alves, L.F., Ammer, C., Antón-Fernández, C., Araujo-Murakami, A., Arroyo, L., Avitabile, V., Aymard, G., Baker, T., Bałazy, R., Banki, O., Barroso, J., Bastian, M., Bastin, J.-F., Birigazzi, L., Birnbaum, P., Bitariho, R., Boeckx, P., Bongers, F., Bouriaud, O., Brancalion, P.H.S., Brandl, S., Brearley, F.Q., Brienen, R., Broadbent, E., Bruelheide, H., Bussotti, F., Cazzolla Gatti, R., Cesar, R., Cesljar, G., Chazdon, R., Chen, H.Y.H., Chisholm, C., Cienciala, E., Clark, C.J., Clark, D., Colletta, G., Condit, R., Coomes, D., Cornejo Valverde, F., Corral-Rivas, J.J., Crim, P., Cumming, J., Dayanandan, S., de Gasper, A.L., Decuyper, M., Derroire, G., DeVries, B., Djordjevic, I., Iêda, A., Dourdain, A., Obiang, N.L.E., Enquist, B., Eyre, T., Fandohan, A.B., Fayle, T.M., Feldpausch, T.R., Finér, L., Fischer, M., Fletcher, C., Fridman, J., Frizzera, L., Gamarra, J.G.P., Gianelle, D., Glick, H.B., Harris, D., Hector, A., Hemp, A., Hengeveld, G., Herbohn, J., Herold, M., Hillers, A., Honorio Coronado, E.N., Huber, M., Hui, C., Cho, H., Ibanez, T., Jung, I., Imai, N., Jagodzinski, A.M., Jaroszewicz, B., Johannsen, V., Joly, C.A., Jucker, T., Karminov, V., Kartawinata, K., Kearsley, E., Kenfack, D., Kennard, D., Kepfer-Rojas, S., Keppel, G., Khan, M.L., Killeen, T., Kim, H.S., Kitayama, K., Köhl, M., Korjus, H., Kraxner, F., Laarmann, D., Lang, M., Lewis, S., Lu, H., Lukina, N., Maitner, B., Malhi, Y., Marcon, E., Marimon, B.S., Marimon-Junior, B.H., Marshall, A.R., Martin, E., Martynenko, O., Meave, J.A., Melo-Cruz, O., Mendoza, C., Merow, C., Monteagudo Mendoza, A., Moreno, V., Mukul, S.A., Mundhenk, P., Nava-Miranda, M.G., Neill, D., Neldner, V., Nevenic, R., Ngugi, M., Niklaus, P., Oleksyn, J., Ontikov, P., Ortiz-Malavasi, E., Pan, Y., Paquette, A., Parada-Gutierrez, A., Parfenova, E., Park, M., Parren, M., Parthasarathy, N., Peri, P.L., Pfautsch, S., Phillips, O., Piedade, M.T., Piotto, D., Pitman, N.C.A., Polo, I., Poorter, L., Poulsen, A.D., Poulsen, J.R., Pretzsch, H., Ramirez Arevalo, F., Restrepo-Correa, Z., Rodeghiero, M., Rolim, S., Roopsind, A., Rovero, F., Rutishauser, E., Saikia, P., Saner, P., Schall, P., Schelhaas, M.-J., Schepaschenko, D., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Schmid, B., Schöngart, J., Searle, E., Seben, V., Serra-Diaz, J.M., Salas-Eljatib, C., Sheil, D., Shvidenko, A., Silva-Espejo, J., Silveira, M., Singh, J., Sist, P., Slik, F., Sonké, B., Souza, A.F., Stereńczak, K., Svenning, J.-C., Svoboda, M., Targhetta, N., Tchebakova, N., Steege, H., Thomas, R., Tikhonova, E., Umunay, P., Usoltsev, V., Valladares, F., van der Plas, F., Van Do, T., Vasquez Martinez, R., Verbeeck, H., Viana, H., Vieira, S., von Gadow, K., Wang, H.-F., Watson, J., Westerlund, B., Wiser, S., Wittmann, F., Wortel, V., Zagt, R., Zawila-Niedzwiecki, T., Zhu, Z.-X., Zo-Bi, I.C., GFBI consortium (2019) Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses. Nature, 569(7756):404-408. (Scopus )

Abstract

The identity of the dominant root-associated microbial symbionts in a forest determines the ability of trees to access limiting nutrients from atmospheric or soil pools1,2, sequester carbon3,4 and withstand the effects of climate change5,6. Characterizing the global distribution of these symbioses and identifying the factors that control this distribution are thus integral to understanding the present and future functioning of forest ecosystems. Here we generate a spatially explicit global map of the symbiotic status of forests, using a database of over 1.1 million forest inventory plots that collectively contain over 28,000 tree species. Our analyses indicate that climate variables—in particular, climatically controlled variation in the rate of decomposition—are the primary drivers of the global distribution of major symbioses. We estimate that ectomycorrhizal trees, which represent only 2% of all plant species7, constitute approximately 60% of tree stems on Earth. Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis dominates forests in which seasonally cold and dry climates inhibit decomposition, and is the predominant form of symbiosis at high latitudes and elevation. By contrast, arbuscular mycorrhizal trees dominate in aseasonal, warm tropical forests, and occur with ectomycorrhizal trees in temperate biomes in which seasonally warm-and-wet climates enhance decomposition. Continental transitions between forests dominated by ectomycorrhizal or arbuscular mycorrhizal trees occur relatively abruptly along climate-driven decomposition gradients; these transitions are probably caused by positive feedback effects between plants and microorganisms. Symbiotic nitrogen fixers—which are insensitive to climatic controls on decomposition (compared with mycorrhizal fungi)—are most abundant in arid biomes with alkaline soils and high maximum temperatures. The climatically driven global symbiosis gradient that we document provides a spatially explicit quantitative understanding of microbial symbioses at the global scale, and demonstrates the critical role of microbial mutualisms in shaping the distribution of plant species. © 2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited.

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@ARTICLE { SteidingerCrowtherLiangEtAl2019,
    AUTHOR = { Steidinger, B.S. and Crowther, T.W. and Liang, J. and Van Nuland, M.E. and Werner, G.D.A. and Reich, P.B. and Nabuurs, G. and de-Miguel, S. and Zhou, M. and Picard, N. and Herault, B. and Zhao, X. and Zhang, C. and Routh, D. and Peay, K.G. and Abegg, M. and Adou Yao, C.Y. and Alberti, G. and Almeyda Zambrano, A. and Alvarez-Davila, E. and Alvarez-Loayza, P. and Alves, L.F. and Ammer, C. and Antón-Fernández, C. and Araujo-Murakami, A. and Arroyo, L. and Avitabile, V. and Aymard, G. and Baker, T. and Bałazy, R. and Banki, O. and Barroso, J. and Bastian, M. and Bastin, J.-F. and Birigazzi, L. and Birnbaum, P. and Bitariho, R. and Boeckx, P. and Bongers, F. and Bouriaud, O. and Brancalion, P.H.S. and Brandl, S. and Brearley, F.Q. and Brienen, R. and Broadbent, E. and Bruelheide, H. and Bussotti, F. and Cazzolla Gatti, R. and Cesar, R. and Cesljar, G. and Chazdon, R. and Chen, H.Y.H. and Chisholm, C. and Cienciala, E. and Clark, C.J. and Clark, D. and Colletta, G. and Condit, R. and Coomes, D. and Cornejo Valverde, F. and Corral-Rivas, J.J. and Crim, P. and Cumming, J. and Dayanandan, S. and de Gasper, A.L. and Decuyper, M. and Derroire, G. and DeVries, B. and Djordjevic, I. and Iêda, A. and Dourdain, A. and Obiang, N.L.E. and Enquist, B. and Eyre, T. and Fandohan, A.B. and Fayle, T.M. and Feldpausch, T.R. and Finér, L. and Fischer, M. and Fletcher, C. and Fridman, J. and Frizzera, L. and Gamarra, J.G.P. and Gianelle, D. and Glick, H.B. and Harris, D. and Hector, A. and Hemp, A. and Hengeveld, G. and Herbohn, J. and Herold, M. and Hillers, A. and Honorio Coronado, E.N. and Huber, M. and Hui, C. and Cho, H. and Ibanez, T. and Jung, I. and Imai, N. and Jagodzinski, A.M. and Jaroszewicz, B. and Johannsen, V. and Joly, C.A. and Jucker, T. and Karminov, V. and Kartawinata, K. and Kearsley, E. and Kenfack, D. and Kennard, D. and Kepfer-Rojas, S. and Keppel, G. and Khan, M.L. and Killeen, T. and Kim, H.S. and Kitayama, K. and Köhl, M. and Korjus, H. and Kraxner, F. and Laarmann, D. and Lang, M. and Lewis, S. and Lu, H. and Lukina, N. and Maitner, B. and Malhi, Y. and Marcon, E. and Marimon, B.S. and Marimon-Junior, B.H. and Marshall, A.R. and Martin, E. and Martynenko, O. and Meave, J.A. and Melo-Cruz, O. and Mendoza, C. and Merow, C. and Monteagudo Mendoza, A. and Moreno, V. and Mukul, S.A. and Mundhenk, P. and Nava-Miranda, M.G. and Neill, D. and Neldner, V. and Nevenic, R. and Ngugi, M. and Niklaus, P. and Oleksyn, J. and Ontikov, P. and Ortiz-Malavasi, E. and Pan, Y. and Paquette, A. and Parada-Gutierrez, A. and Parfenova, E. and Park, M. and Parren, M. and Parthasarathy, N. and Peri, P.L. and Pfautsch, S. and Phillips, O. and Piedade, M.T. and Piotto, D. and Pitman, N.C.A. and Polo, I. and Poorter, L. and Poulsen, A.D. and Poulsen, J.R. and Pretzsch, H. and Ramirez Arevalo, F. and Restrepo-Correa, Z. and Rodeghiero, M. and Rolim, S. and Roopsind, A. and Rovero, F. and Rutishauser, E. and Saikia, P. and Saner, P. and Schall, P. and Schelhaas, M.-J. and Schepaschenko, D. and Scherer-Lorenzen, M. and Schmid, B. and Schöngart, J. and Searle, E. and Seben, V. and Serra-Diaz, J.M. and Salas-Eljatib, C. and Sheil, D. and Shvidenko, A. and Silva-Espejo, J. and Silveira, M. and Singh, J. and Sist, P. and Slik, F. and Sonké, B. and Souza, A.F. and Stereńczak, K. and Svenning, J.-C. and Svoboda, M. and Targhetta, N. and Tchebakova, N. and Steege, H. and Thomas, R. and Tikhonova, E. and Umunay, P. and Usoltsev, V. and Valladares, F. and van der Plas, F. and Van Do, T. and Vasquez Martinez, R. and Verbeeck, H. and Viana, H. and Vieira, S. and von Gadow, K. and Wang, H.-F. and Watson, J. and Westerlund, B. and Wiser, S. and Wittmann, F. and Wortel, V. and Zagt, R. and Zawila-Niedzwiecki, T. and Zhu, Z.-X. and Zo-Bi, I.C. and GFBI consortium },
    TITLE = { Climatic controls of decomposition drive the global biogeography of forest-tree symbioses },
    JOURNAL = { Nature },
    YEAR = { 2019 },
    VOLUME = { 569 },
    NUMBER = { 7756 },
    PAGES = { 404-408 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { The identity of the dominant root-associated microbial symbionts in a forest determines the ability of trees to access limiting nutrients from atmospheric or soil pools1,2, sequester carbon3,4 and withstand the effects of climate change5,6. Characterizing the global distribution of these symbioses and identifying the factors that control this distribution are thus integral to understanding the present and future functioning of forest ecosystems. Here we generate a spatially explicit global map of the symbiotic status of forests, using a database of over 1.1 million forest inventory plots that collectively contain over 28,000 tree species. Our analyses indicate that climate variables—in particular, climatically controlled variation in the rate of decomposition—are the primary drivers of the global distribution of major symbioses. We estimate that ectomycorrhizal trees, which represent only 2% of all plant species7, constitute approximately 60% of tree stems on Earth. Ectomycorrhizal symbiosis dominates forests in which seasonally cold and dry climates inhibit decomposition, and is the predominant form of symbiosis at high latitudes and elevation. By contrast, arbuscular mycorrhizal trees dominate in aseasonal, warm tropical forests, and occur with ectomycorrhizal trees in temperate biomes in which seasonally warm-and-wet climates enhance decomposition. Continental transitions between forests dominated by ectomycorrhizal or arbuscular mycorrhizal trees occur relatively abruptly along climate-driven decomposition gradients; these transitions are probably caused by positive feedback effects between plants and microorganisms. Symbiotic nitrogen fixers—which are insensitive to climatic controls on decomposition (compared with mycorrhizal fungi)—are most abundant in arid biomes with alkaline soils and high maximum temperatures. The climatically driven global symbiosis gradient that we document provides a spatially explicit quantitative understanding of microbial symbioses at the global scale, and demonstrates the critical role of microbial mutualisms in shaping the distribution of plant species. © 2019, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Nature Limited. },
    AFFILIATION = { Department of Biology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States; Department of Environmental Systems Science, ETH Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland; Department of Forestry and Natural Resources, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN, United States; Research Center of Forest Management Engineering of State Forestry and Grassland Administration, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China; Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Department of Forest Resources, University of Minnesota, St Paul, MN, United States; Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment, Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, Australia; Wageningen University and Research, Wageningen, Netherlands; Department of Crop and Forest Sciences - Agrotecnio Center (UdL-Agrotecnio), Universitat de Lleida, Lleida, Spain; Forest Science and Technology Centre of Catalonia (CTFC), Solsona, Spain; Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy; Cirad, UPR Forêts et Sociétés, University of Montpellier, Montpellier, France; Department of Forestry and Environment, National Polytechnic Institute (INP-HB), Yamoussoukro, Cote d'Ivoire; Swiss Federal Institute for Forest, Snow and Landscape Research, WSL, Birmensdorf, Switzerland; UFR Biosciences, University Félix Houphouët-Boigny, Abidjan, Cote d'Ivoire; Department of Agricultural, Food, Environmental and Animal Sciences, University of Udine, Udine, Italy; Institute of Biometeorology, National Research Council (CNR-IBIMET), Florence, Italy; Spatial Ecology and Conservation Laboratory, Department of Tourism, Recreation and Sport Management, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States; Fundacion ConVida, Universidad Nacional Abierta y a Distancia, UNAD, Medellin, Colombia; Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, IL, United States; Center for Tropical Research, Institute of the Environment and Sustainability, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, United States; Silviculture and Forest Ecology of the Temperate Zones, University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany; Division of Forest and Forest Resources, Norwegian Institute of Bioeconomy Research (NIBIO), Ås, Norway; Museo de Historia Natural Noel Kempff Mercado, Universidad Autonoma Gabriel Rene Moreno, Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia; European Commission, Joint Research Centre, Ispra, Italy; UNELLEZ-Guanare, Programa de Ciencias del Agro y el Mar, Herbario Universitario (PORT), Portuguesa, Venezuela; School of Geography, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom; Department of Geomatics, Forest Research Institute, Raszyn, Poland; Naturalis Biodiversity Centre, Leiden, Netherlands; Centro Multidisciplinar, Universidade Federal do Acre, Rio Branco, Brazil; Smithsonian’s National Zoo and Conservation Biology Institute, Washington, DC, United States; Institute of Tropical Forest Conservation, Mbarara University of Sciences and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda; Isotope Bioscience Laboratory - ISOFYS, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Integrated Center for Research, Development and Innovation in Advanced Materials, Nanotechnologies, and Distributed Systems for Fabrication and Control (MANSiD), Stefan cel Mare University of Suceava, Suceava, Romania; Department of Forest Sciences, Luiz de Queiroz College of Agriculture, University of São Paulo, Piracicaba, Brazil; Bavarian State Institute of Forestry, Freising, Germany; Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom; Institute of Biology, Geobotany and Botanical Garden, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Halle-Wittenberg, Germany; German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv) Halle-Jena-Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany; Department of Agriculture, Food, Environment and Forest (DAGRI), University of Firenze, Florence, Italy; Biological Institute, Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russian Federation; Department of Spatial Regulation, GIS and Forest Policy, Institute of Forestry, Belgrade, Serbia; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT, United States; Tropical Forests and People Research Centre, University of the Sunshine Coast, Maroochydore, QLD, Australia; Faculty of Natural Resources Management, Lakehead University, Thunder BayON, Canada; Key Laboratory for Humid Subtropical Eco-Geographical Processes of the Ministry of Education, Fujian Normal University, Fuzhou, China; Institute of Integrative Biology, ETH Zürich, Zurich, Switzerland; IFER - Institute of Forest Ecosystem Research, Jilove u Prahy, Czech Republic; Global Change Research Institute CAS, Brno, Czech Republic; Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States; Department of Biology, University of Missouri-St Louis, St Louis, MO, United States; Department of Plant Biology, Institute of Biology, University of Campinas, UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panama; Department of Plant Sciences, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Andes to Amazon Biodiversity Program, Madre de Dios, Peru; Facultad de Ciencias Forestales, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Durango, Mexico; Department of Physical and Biological Sciences, The College of Saint Rose, Albany, NY, United States; Department of Biology, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, United States; Biology Department, Concordia University, Montreal, QC, Canada; Natural Science Department, Universidade Regional de Blumenau, Blumenau, Brazil; Cirad, UMR EcoFoG, Kourou, French Guiana; Department of Geographical Sciences, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, United States; Institute of Forestry, Belgrade, Serbia; National Institute of Amazonian Research, Manaus, Brazil; IRET, Herbier National du Gabon (CENAREST), Libreville, Gabon; Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States; The Santa Fe Institute, Santa Fe, NM, United States; Department of Environment and Science, Queensland Herbarium, Toowong, QLD, Australia; Ecole de Foresterie et Ingénierie du Bois, Université Nationale d’Agriculture, Ketou, Benin; Biology Centre of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Institute of Entomology, Ceske Budejovice, Czech Republic; Geography, College of Life and Environmental Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom; Natural Resources Institute Finland (Luke), Joensuu, Finland; Institute of Plant Sciences, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland; Forest Research Institute Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; Department of Forest Resource Management, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences SLU, Umea, Sweden; Department of Sustainable Agro-Ecosystems and Bioresources, Research and Innovation Center, Fondazione Edmund Mach, San Michele all’Adige, Italy; School of Forestry and Environmental Studies, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom; Department of Plant Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; Department of Plant Systematics, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany; Centre for Conservation Science, The Royal Society for the Protection of Birds, Sandy, United Kingdom; Instituto de Investigaciones de la Amazonía Peruana, Iquitos, Peru; Centre for Invasion Biology, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa; Theoretical Ecology Unit, African Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Cape Town, South Africa; Division of Forest Resources Information, Korea Forest Promotion Institute, Seoul, South Korea; Institut Agronomique néo-Calédonien (IAC), Equipe Sol & Végétation (SolVeg), Nouméa, New Caledonia; Department of Forest Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture, Tokyo, Japan; Institute of Dendrology, Polish Academy of Sciences, Kórnik, Poland; Poznań University of Life Sciences, Department of Game Management and Forest Protection, Poznań, Poland; Faculty of Biology, Białowieża Geobotanical Station, University of Warsaw, Białowieża, Poland; Department of Geosciences and Natural Resource Management, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark; Centre for Environment and Life Sciences, CSIRO Land and Water, Floreat, WA, Australia; Forestry Faculty, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Mytischi, Russian Federation; CAVElab – Computational and Applied Vegetation Ecology, Department of Environment, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; CTFS-ForestGEO, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Balboa, Panama; Department of Physical and Environmental Sciences, Colorado Mesa University, Grand Junction, CO, United States; School of Natural and Built Environments and Future Industries Institute, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia; Department of Botany, Dr Harisingh Gour Central University, Sagar, India; Department of Forest Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea; Interdisciplinary Program in Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea; National Center for Agro Meteorology, Seoul, South Korea; Research Institute for Agriculture and Life Sciences, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea; Graduate School of Agriculture, Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan; Institute for World Forestry, University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany; Institute of Forestry and Rural Engineering, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia; Ecosystems Services and Management, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis, Laxenburg, Austria; Department of Geography, University College London, London, United Kingdom; Faculty of Forestry, Qingdao Agricultural University, Qingdao, China; Center for Forest Ecology and Productivity, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation; School of Geography, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom; UMR EcoFoG, AgroParisTech, Kourou, France; Departamento de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade do Estado de Mato Grosso, Nova Xavantina, Brazil; Department of Environment & Geography, University of York, York, United Kingdom; Department of Wildlife Management, College of African Wildlife Management, Mweka, Tanzania; Departamento de Ecología y Recursos Naturales, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico City, Mexico; Universidad del Tolima, Ibagué, Colombia; Colegio de Profesionales Forestales de Cochabamba, Cochabamba, Bolivia; Jardín Botánico de Missouri, Oxapampa, Peru; Universidad Nacional de San Antonio Abad del Cusco, Cusco, Peru; Department of Environmental Management, School of Environmental Science and Management, Independent University Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh; Instituto de Silvicultura e Industria de la Madera, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango, Durango, Mexico; Universidad Estatal Amazónica, Puyo, Pastaza, Ecuador; Department of Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Studies, University of Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland; Forestry School, Tecnológico de Costa Rica TEC, Cartago, Costa Rica; Climate, Fire, and Carbon Cycle Sciences, USDA Forest Service, Durham, NC, United States; Centre for Forest Research, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, QC, Canada; V. N. Sukachev Institute of Forest, FRC KSC, Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Krasnoyarsk, Russian Federation; Department of Forestry, World Research Institute, Washington, DC, United States; Department of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Pondicherry University, Puducherry, India; Instituto Nacional de Tecnología Agropecuaria (INTA), Universidad Nacional de la Patagonia Austral (UNPA), Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas y Tecnicas (CONICET), Rio Gallegos, Argentina; School of Social Sciences and Psychology (Urban Studies), Western Sydney University, Penrith, NSW, Australia; Instituto Nacional de Pesquisas da Amazônia, Manaus, Brazil; Laboratório de Dendrologia e Silvicultura Tropical, Centro de Formação em Ciências Agroflorestais, Universidade Federal do Sul da Bahia, Itabuna, Brazil; Jardín Botánico de Medellín, Medellín, Colombia; Chair for Forest Growth and Yield Science, TUM School for Life Sciences, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany; Universidad Nacional de la Amazonía Peruana, Iquitos, Peru; Servicios Ecosistémicos y Cambio Climático (SECC), Fundación Con Vida & Corporación COL-TREE, Medellín, Colombia; Department of Biological Sciences, Boise State University, Boise, ID, United States; Tropical Biodiversity Section, MUSE - Museo delle Scienze, Trento, Italy; Department of Biology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy; Department of Environmental Sciences, Central University of Jharkhand, Ranchi, India; Faculty of Biology, Geobotany, University of Freiburg, Freiburg im Breisgau, Germany; National Forest Centre, Forest Research Institute Zvolen, Zvolen, Slovakia; Université de Lorraine, AgroParisTech, Inra, Silva, Nancy, France; Center for Biodiversity Dynamics in a Changing World (BIOCHANGE), Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; Departamento de Biología, Universidad de la Serena, La Serena, Chile; Centro de Ciências Biológicas e da Natureza, Universidade Federal do Acre, Rio Branco, Acre, Brazil; Guyana Forestry Commission, Georgetown, French Guiana; Faculty of Science, Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam; Plant Systematic and Ecology Laboratory, Department of Biology, Higher Teachers’ Training College, University of Yaoundé, Yaoundé, Cameroon; Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, Natal, Brazil; Section for Ecoinformatics & Biodiversity, Department of Bioscience, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark; Faculty of Forestry and Wood Sciences, Czech University of Life Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic; Systems Ecology, Free University Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands; Iwokrama International Centre for Rainforest Conservation and Development (IIC), Georgetown, French Guiana; Botanical Garden of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, Ural State Forest Engineering University, Ekaterinburg, Russian Federation; LINCGlobal, Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales, CSIC, Madrid, Spain; Systematic Botany and Functional Biodiversity, Institute of Biology, Leipzig University, Leipzig, Germany; Silviculture Research Institute, Vietnamese Academy of Forest Sciences, Hanoi, Viet Nam; Cirad, UMR-AMAP, CNRS, INRA, IRD, Université de Montpellier, Montpellier, France; Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences, CITAB, University of Trás-os-Montes and Alto Douro, UTAD, Vila Real, Portugal; Agricultural High School, Polytechnic Institute of Viseu, Viseu, Portugal; Environmental Studies and Research Center, University of Campinas, UNICAMP, Campinas, Brazil; Department of Forest and Wood Science, University of Stellenbosch, Stellenbosch, South Africa; Key Laboratory of Tropical Biological Resources, Ministry of Education, School of Life and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Hainan University, Haikou, China; Division of Forestry and Natural Resources, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV, United States; Manaaki Whenua–Landcare Research, Lincoln, New Zealand; Department of Wetland Ecology, Institute for Geography and Geoecology, Karlsruhe Institute for Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany; Centre for Agricultural Research in Suriname (CELOS), Paramaribo, Suriname; Tropenbios International, Wageningen, Netherlands; Polish State Forests, Coordination Center for Environmental Projects, Warsaw, Poland; Programa de Pós-graduação em Biologia Vegetal, Instituto de Biologia, Universidade Estadual de Campinas, Campinas, Brazil; Spatial Ecology and Conservation Laboratory, School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, United States; Flamingo Land Ltd, Kirby Misperton, United Kingdom; Centro Agricoltura, Alimenti, Ambiente, University of Trento, San Michele all’Adige, Italy; Wild Chimpanzee Foundation, Liberia Office, Monrovia, Liberia; Centro de Modelación y Monitoreo de Ecosistemas, Universidad Mayor, Santiago, Chile; Laboratorio de Biometria, Universidad de La Frontera, Temuco, Chile; Faculty of Environmental Sciences and Natural Resource Management, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Letter },
    DOI = { 10.1038/s41586-019-1128-0 },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85065790614&doi=10.1038%2fs41586-019-1128-0&partnerID=40&md5=416cf3480d062ff4a1f78b6ccd7cf1c3 },
}

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