MooreAchimLyonEtAl2009

Référence

Moore, J., Achim, A., Lyon, A., Mochan, S., Gardiner, B.A. (2009) Effects of early re-spacing on the physical and mechanical properties of Sitka spruce structural timber. Forest Ecology and Management, 258(7):1174-1180.

Résumé

The effects of early re-spacing on the physical and mechanical properties of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis [Bong.] Carr.) structural-dimensioned timber were studied using material from a fully replicated 57-year-old trial located in Northern Ireland, which had been thinned at age 11 years. Basic density, distortion (spring, twist and bow), modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR) in bending of structural timber from four different re-spacing treatments (1.83 m x 3.66 m, 3.66 m x 3.66 m, 3.66 m x 5.49 m and 5.49 m x 5.49 m) were compared with those of timber from a control (1.83 m x 1.83 m). Re-spacing intensity had a significant effect on both modulus of elasticity (p = 0.006) and modulus of rupture (p = 0.009), but not on basic density (p = 0.379) or distortion (p > 0.200). Timber from the two widest re-spacing treatments failed to meet the requirements for the C14 strength class, while timber from the control met the requirements for the C16 strength class. Both MOE and MOR were significantly and negatively associated with knot size and frequency, which in turn increased with respacing intensity. Overall, re-spacing intensity only explained approximately 10% of the total amount of variation in both MOE and MOR, with most of the variation due to inter- and intra-tree differences within a treatment. Based on these results, re-spacing of Sitka spruce to a residual stand density of less than 900 trees/ha (3.33 m x 3.33 m) is not recommended if the goal of management is to produce C16 structural timber. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { MooreAchimLyonEtAl2009,
    AUTHOR = { Moore, J. and Achim, A. and Lyon, A. and Mochan, S. and Gardiner, B.A. },
    TITLE = { Effects of early re-spacing on the physical and mechanical properties of Sitka spruce structural timber },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 2009 },
    VOLUME = { 258 },
    PAGES = { 1174-1180 },
    NUMBER = { 7 },
    NOTE = { Moore, John Achim, Alexis Lyon, Andrew Mochan, Shaun Gardiner, Barry },
    ABSTRACT = { The effects of early re-spacing on the physical and mechanical properties of Sitka spruce (Picea sitchensis [Bong.] Carr.) structural-dimensioned timber were studied using material from a fully replicated 57-year-old trial located in Northern Ireland, which had been thinned at age 11 years. Basic density, distortion (spring, twist and bow), modulus of elasticity (MOE) and modulus of rupture (MOR) in bending of structural timber from four different re-spacing treatments (1.83 m x 3.66 m, 3.66 m x 3.66 m, 3.66 m x 5.49 m and 5.49 m x 5.49 m) were compared with those of timber from a control (1.83 m x 1.83 m). Re-spacing intensity had a significant effect on both modulus of elasticity (p = 0.006) and modulus of rupture (p = 0.009), but not on basic density (p = 0.379) or distortion (p > 0.200). Timber from the two widest re-spacing treatments failed to meet the requirements for the C14 strength class, while timber from the control met the requirements for the C16 strength class. Both MOE and MOR were significantly and negatively associated with knot size and frequency, which in turn increased with respacing intensity. Overall, re-spacing intensity only explained approximately 10% of the total amount of variation in both MOE and MOR, with most of the variation due to inter- and intra-tree differences within a treatment. Based on these results, re-spacing of Sitka spruce to a residual stand density of less than 900 trees/ha (3.33 m x 3.33 m) is not recommended if the goal of management is to produce C16 structural timber. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. },
    OWNER = { amriv2 },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2012.06.28 },
}

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