SmithCoyeaMunson2000

Reference

Smith, C.K., Coyea, M.R. and Munson, A.D. (2000) Soil carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus stocks and dynamics under disturbed black spruce forests. Ecological Applications, 10(3):775-788.

Abstract

In the North American boreal forest, black spruce (Picea mariana) forests have historically regenerated after the passage of large-scale wildfires. Over the past 30 years, tree harvesting has replaced wildfire as the predominant agent of disturbance in black spruce-feathermoss communities in the Lac St. Jean-Chibougamau region of Quebec, Canada. This study addressed how natural and anthropogenic disturbances altered soil and fine root carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) stocks and dynamics under four disturbance types in central Quebec including: (1) recently burned sites, (2) sites recently harvested using a practice called "cutting with protection of tree regeneration and soils" (CPRS), (3) sites that were burned 75-85 yr ago, and (4) sites that were horse-logged 55 yr ago. Soil N contents in the surface organic layer of the recently burned sites (91 g/m(2)) were significantly lower than under the old burn sites (146 g/m(2)). Using equivalent soil masses, total N stores in the mineral soils under the recently harvested stands (76 g/m(2)) were significantly lower than N stores under the old burn sites (114 g/m(2)). In field incubations from June to October 1997, net N mineralization rates in the organic horizons ranged from 3.3 kg/ha (recent burn) to 17.1 kg/ha (old harvest). The largest pools of labile inorganic-P (Bray 2 extractable) were in the organic horizons of the old harvest and old burn sites (59.1 and 55.3 mg/kg, respectively), and these pools increased up to 24% from the beginning to the end of the growing season. Pools of dissolved organic nitrogen in surface organic horizons in all of the disturbance types were highest just after snowmelt and declined steadily through the growing season. The older disturbance types had higher N stores in fine roots compared to the recently disturbed sites, and fine root length in the old harvest sites (1623 m/m(2)) was higher than in the stands burned 75-85 yr ago (917 m/m(2)).

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@ARTICLE { SmithCoyeaMunson2000,
    AUTHOR = { Smith, C.K. and Coyea, M.R. and Munson, A.D. },
    TITLE = { Soil carbon, nitrogen, and phosphorus stocks and dynamics under disturbed black spruce forests },
    JOURNAL = { Ecological Applications },
    YEAR = { 2000 },
    VOLUME = { 10 },
    PAGES = { 775-788 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { Times Cited: 16 Article English Cited References Count: 57 322jn },
    ABSTRACT = { In the North American boreal forest, black spruce (Picea mariana) forests have historically regenerated after the passage of large-scale wildfires. Over the past 30 years, tree harvesting has replaced wildfire as the predominant agent of disturbance in black spruce-feathermoss communities in the Lac St. Jean-Chibougamau region of Quebec, Canada. This study addressed how natural and anthropogenic disturbances altered soil and fine root carbon (C), nitrogen (N), and phosphorus (P) stocks and dynamics under four disturbance types in central Quebec including: (1) recently burned sites, (2) sites recently harvested using a practice called "cutting with protection of tree regeneration and soils" (CPRS), (3) sites that were burned 75-85 yr ago, and (4) sites that were horse-logged 55 yr ago. Soil N contents in the surface organic layer of the recently burned sites (91 g/m(2)) were significantly lower than under the old burn sites (146 g/m(2)). Using equivalent soil masses, total N stores in the mineral soils under the recently harvested stands (76 g/m(2)) were significantly lower than N stores under the old burn sites (114 g/m(2)). In field incubations from June to October 1997, net N mineralization rates in the organic horizons ranged from 3.3 kg/ha (recent burn) to 17.1 kg/ha (old harvest). The largest pools of labile inorganic-P (Bray 2 extractable) were in the organic horizons of the old harvest and old burn sites (59.1 and 55.3 mg/kg, respectively), and these pools increased up to 24% from the beginning to the end of the growing season. Pools of dissolved organic nitrogen in surface organic horizons in all of the disturbance types were highest just after snowmelt and declined steadily through the growing season. The older disturbance types had higher N stores in fine roots compared to the recently disturbed sites, and fine root length in the old harvest sites (1623 m/m(2)) was higher than in the stands burned 75-85 yr ago (917 m/m(2)). },
    KEYWORDS = { black spruce boreal forests disturbance effects on black spruce forests feathermoss soil c, n, and p spodosols tree harvest wildfire interior alaska boreal forest picea-mariana organic nitrogen feather moss jack pine ecosystems growth nutrition turnover },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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