JuhaszShipleyGauthierEtAl2020

Référence

Juhasz, C.-C., Shipley, B., Gauthier, G., Berteaux, D., Lecomte, N. (2020) Direct and indirect effects of regional and local climatic factors on trophic interactions in the Arctic tundra. Journal of Animal Ecology, 89(3):704-715. (Scopus )

Résumé

Climate change can impact ecosystems by reshaping the dynamics of resource exploitation for predators and their prey. Alterations of these pathways could be especially intense in ecosystems characterized by a simple trophic structure and rapid warming trends, such as in the Arctic. However, quantifying the multiple direct and indirect pathways through which climate change is likely to alter trophic interactions and their relative strength remains a challenge. Here, we aim to identify direct and indirect causal mechanisms driven by climate affecting predator–prey interactions of species sharing a tundra food web. We based our study on relationships between one Arctic predator (Arctic fox) and its two main prey – lemmings (preferred prey) and snow geese (alternate prey) – which are exposed to variable local and regional climatic factors across years. We used a combination of models mapping multiple causal links among key variables derived from a long-term dataset (21 years). We obtained several possible scenarios linking regional climate factors (Arctic oscillations) and local temperature and precipitation to the breeding of species. Our results suggest that both regional and local climate factors have direct and indirect impacts on the breeding of foxes and geese. Local climate showed a positive causal link with goose nesting success, while both regional and local climate displayed contrasted effects on the proportion of fox breeding. We found no impact of climate on lemming abundance. We observed positive relationships between lemming, fox and goose reproduction highlighting numerical and functional responses of fox to the variability of lemming abundance. Our study measures causal links and strength of interactions in a food web, quantifying both numerical response of a predator and apparent interactions between its two main prey. These results improve our understanding of the complex effects of climate on predator–prey interactions and our capacity to anticipate food web response to ongoing climate change. © 2019 The Authors. Journal of Animal Ecology © 2019 British Ecological Society

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@ARTICLE { JuhaszShipleyGauthierEtAl2020,
    AUTHOR = { Juhasz, C.-C. and Shipley, B. and Gauthier, G. and Berteaux, D. and Lecomte, N. },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Animal Ecology },
    TITLE = { Direct and indirect effects of regional and local climatic factors on trophic interactions in the Arctic tundra },
    YEAR = { 2020 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    PAGES = { 704-715 },
    VOLUME = { 89 },
    ABSTRACT = { Climate change can impact ecosystems by reshaping the dynamics of resource exploitation for predators and their prey. Alterations of these pathways could be especially intense in ecosystems characterized by a simple trophic structure and rapid warming trends, such as in the Arctic. However, quantifying the multiple direct and indirect pathways through which climate change is likely to alter trophic interactions and their relative strength remains a challenge. Here, we aim to identify direct and indirect causal mechanisms driven by climate affecting predator–prey interactions of species sharing a tundra food web. We based our study on relationships between one Arctic predator (Arctic fox) and its two main prey – lemmings (preferred prey) and snow geese (alternate prey) – which are exposed to variable local and regional climatic factors across years. We used a combination of models mapping multiple causal links among key variables derived from a long-term dataset (21 years). We obtained several possible scenarios linking regional climate factors (Arctic oscillations) and local temperature and precipitation to the breeding of species. Our results suggest that both regional and local climate factors have direct and indirect impacts on the breeding of foxes and geese. Local climate showed a positive causal link with goose nesting success, while both regional and local climate displayed contrasted effects on the proportion of fox breeding. We found no impact of climate on lemming abundance. We observed positive relationships between lemming, fox and goose reproduction highlighting numerical and functional responses of fox to the variability of lemming abundance. Our study measures causal links and strength of interactions in a food web, quantifying both numerical response of a predator and apparent interactions between its two main prey. These results improve our understanding of the complex effects of climate on predator–prey interactions and our capacity to anticipate food web response to ongoing climate change. © 2019 The Authors. Journal of Animal Ecology © 2019 British Ecological Society },
    AFFILIATION = { Canada Research Chair in Polar and Boreal Ecology, Université de Moncton, Moncton, NB, Canada; Centre d'études Nordiques, Université Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada; Département de Biologie, Université de Sherbrooke, Sherbrooke, QC, Canada; Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Quebec, QC, Canada; Chaire de recherche du Canada en biodiversité nordique and Centre d'Études Nordiques, Université du Québec à Rimouski, Rimouski, QC, Canada },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Arctic tundra; climate impacts; food web; path analysis; trophic interactions },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1111/1365-2656.13104 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85074523872&doi=10.1111%2f1365-2656.13104&partnerID=40&md5=6be4a1f43967e06b5d0167636e18a316 },
}

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