Catherine Potvin

Membre régulier
Changements climatiques/Biostatistiques

Université McGill
Department of Biology
1205 Avenue Docteur Penfield
Montréal (Québec) H3A 1B1
Au Panama
Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute
Apartado 2072
Balboa, Republica de Panama

(514) 398-3730

Site départemental 

Lady Mancilla
Jose Monteza
Divya Sharma

Directions d'étudiants

Chantal Hutchison
Javier Mateo-Vega
Gerardo Vergara-Asenjo


Marina Duarte
Étudiants diplômés
Ignacia Holmes (Ph.D. 2016)
David Ross (M.Sc. 2015)
Divya Sharma (M.Sc. 2015)
Guillaume Peterson St-Laurent (M.Sc. 2013)
Johanne Pelletier (Ph.D. 2012)
Maria del Carmen Ruiz-Jaen (Ph.D. 2011)
Bruno Guay (M.Sc. 2007)
Chrystal Healy (M.Sc. 2007)
Jurgis Sapijanskas (Ph.D. 2013)
  • Ph.D. en botanique, 1985 (Duke University)
  • M.Sc. en sciences biologiques, 1982 (Université de Montréal)
  • B.Sc. en sciences biologiques, 1981 (Université de Montréal)

Over the years I have maintained scientific activities in three fairly distinct fields of research. The first is global change biology in which I have worked almost continuously since my Ph.D. at Duke University in 1985. At that time, most people doubted of the reality of climate change…This main research interest of mine is is evolving to include not only the biological side of climate change but also the socio-economical implications and policy-level aspects.

A second important area of research has been biostatistics. As an ecologist, I am convinced of the importance of appropriate analytical tools to unveil patterns observed in nature. In the last decade, however, I focused much attention on issues of biological diversity and conservation. I have a long-term collaboration with Indigenous people of Panama, especially the Embera. The work carried out by my group with them focuses on plants of traditional uses and is evolving to know consider national scale questions such as deforestation avoidance.

Global Change Biology

Effect of elevated CO2 enrichment on plant growth: Over the years I have been interested by many aspects of Global Change Biology. For many years I studied the effect of elevated CO2 on plant growth. Starting with relatively simple experiments carried out in growth chambers, I moved to the study of "intact ecosystems" using open-top chambers. This field site was located in Farnham, Southern Quebec where, between 1992 and 1996, I monitored the effect of CO2 enrichment on a pasture of southern Québec. This study showed that elevated CO2 significantly influenced the succession pattern of the pasture and maintained a higher biodiversity than would normally occur. My research approach focussed on mainly on community dynamics and contributed a unique approach to the understanding of the impact of elevated CO2.

At the same time, I examined the evolutionary potential of adaptation to elevated CO2. With a graduate student, Mlle. Denise Tousignant (now a scientist at the Ministère des Resources Naturelles-Québec), we conducted a selection experiment examining evolutionary responses to elevated CO2. After seven generations of selection, Brassica juncea failed to show any evolutionary responses to simulated global change. These results cast doubts on the allegation that weeds would be the first plants to show an adaptation to a new climatic and atmospheric environment. The evolutionary research carried out in my laboratory was expanded to look at phenotypic plasticity of coniferous tree species.

Land use, biodiversity and Carbon cycling in the Tropics: I then moved on to work on tropical systems where my research is currenlty focussing on the multiple links existing between land use, biodiversity and carbon (C) sequestration. Changes in land use are believed to account for about 30% of the increase in atmospheric CO2 over the past century. This contribution was initially caused by the conversion of boreal and temperate forests to agricultural and pasture, but over the past 80 years, tropical deforestation has dominated. In the discussions around the issue of greenhouse gas management, the opportunities for establishing significant C sinks in the Tropics through land use change have been touted, but the feasibility, mechanics and magnitude of these sinks has barely been explored. In the context of an interdisciplinary team therefore study the possible use of multi-species tree plantation to improve C storage and diversity.

Much of my research time focusses on a long-term project based in Panama and known as the Sardinilla Project (SP): Biodiversity and Ecosystem. Collectively we examine multiple aspects of C cycling in the tropics. Specific aspects of this large project are the main focus of my current NSERC operating grant: I study the importance of species identity and community richness on C accumulation as well as the impact of changes in land use from pasture to afforested landscape on C fluxes.

Traditional Plant Use and Conservation

After developping the course "Conservation Biology" at McGill, I felt the need for a reality check that brough me to Darien, the Eastern most region of Panama. There I discovered the Embera people and a completely different way to carry out scientific research. The goal of my work with Indigenous people in Panama is not first and foremost to construct knowledge. It is to use the knowledge I have of plants and plants growth in an ethically relevant way, helping these people maintain their pride and tradition while improving their livelyhood. Since 1998 support of IDRC, allowed us to work in the community of Ipeti-Embera in the Bayano region of Panama as well as in two Kuna villages, Nurna and Ukpseni.

The first phase of the project involved the re-introduction of four palm species near Emberá villages and development of sustainable management strategies for culturally important plant species in both Emberá and Kuna villages.

Then we worked at promoting and protecting traditional knowledge on medicinal plant. The project consisted of stimulating local knowledge transmission between Embera elders with a strong knowledge of medicinal plants to younger people eager to learn the tradition.

We continued working with the community of Ipeti-Embera to develop a model of community-based carbon offset project. This work was made possible by a grant from Fondo Panama-Canada through the Canadian Embassy in Panama. The idea was to examine if reforestation, under the Kyoto protocol could directly benefiting local indigenous people while helping Annex I countries, e.g. Canada, to meet the coming obligations of CO2 emission reductions. The Ipeti-carbon project, as we named it, was instrumental in helping me develop strong professional ties with the National Authority for the Environment of Panama, ANAM. Since December 2005 I am working informally as an advisor to ANAM on issues related to avoided deforestation in developing countries, an agenda item in the international negotiations under the Framework Convention of Climate Change.


My work in biostatistics has been driven by necessity. At various moment in my career I felt the need to examine specific issues pertaining to data analysis. These paper all share the common goal to bring statistical problems and solutions to the attention of ecologists.

  • Septembre 2015 - membre de la Société royale du Canada . Elle a été nommée membre de l'Académie des sciences, division des sciences de la vie.
  • 2013-2015 - Trottier Fellows (McGill) 
  • 2012 - Médaille Miroslaw Romanowski  de la Société royale du Canada et Personnalités La Presse  du 26 novembre 2012.
  • 2008 - Service rendu au pays par l'Autoridad Nacional del Ambiente (Autorité nationale de l'environnement) du Panama.
Vous pouvez télécharger toutes mes références bibliographqiues en format BibTeX, BibTeX-CSV ou EndNote.

Chapitres de livre

  1. Sarlo, M., Healy, C. and Potvin, C. (2009) Tropical tree plantations with native species: linking carbon storage with concerns for biodiversity. In Climate Change, Biodiversity, and Sustainability in the Americas. A Smithsonian Contribution to Knowledge. (Dallmeier, F. and Fenech, A. and Maciver, D. and Szar, R., Eds.) Washington, DC, USA, Smithsonian Institution Scholarly Press. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Schwendenmann, L., Pendall, E. and Potvin, C. (2007) Surface soil organic carbon pool, mineralization rates and CO2 efflux under different land-use types in Central Panama. In The stability of tropical rainforest margins: linking ecological, economic and social constraints of land use and conservation. (Tscharntke, T. and Leuschner, Ch. and Guhardja, E. and Zeller, M., Eds.) Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, New York, pages 109-131. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  3. Potvin, C., Chapin III, F.S., Gonzales, A., Leadley, P., Reich, P. and Roy, J. (2006) Plant biodiversity and responses to elevated carbon dioxide. In In Terrestrial Ecosystems in a Changing World. (Canadell, J.G. and Pataki, D. and Pitelka, L., Eds.) Springer-Verlag, Berlin Heidelberg, page 336. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  4. Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Potvin, C., Koricheva, J., Schmid, B., Hector, A., Bornik, Z., Reynolds, G. and Schulze, E.-D. (2005) The Design of Experimental Tree Plantations for Functional Biodiversity Research. (Chap. 16) In Forest Diversity and Function: Temperate and Boreal Systems. (Scherer-Lorenzen, M. and Korner, C. and Schulze, E.-D., Eds.) Berlin, Allemagne, Springer-Verlag, pages 347-376. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  5. Potvin, C., Reveret, J.-P., Patenaude, G. and Hutton, J. (2002) The Role of Indigenous Peoples in Conservation Actions: A Case Study of Cultural Differences and Conservation Priorities. (Chap. 8) In Governing global biodiversity: the evolution and implementation of the convention on biological diversity. (Le Prestre, P.G., Eds.) Burlington, VT, USA, Ashgate Publishing, pages 159-177. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  6. Potvin, C. (2001) ANOVA: Experimental Layout and Analysis. (Chap. 4) In Design and Analysis of Ecological Experiments, 2nd edition. (Scheiner, S.M. and Gurevitch, J., Eds.) New-York, USA, Oxford University Press, pages 63-76. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  7. Potvin, C. (1997) La biodiversité pour le biologiste: "protéger" ou "conserver" la nature? In La Biodiversité: Tout préserver ou tout cultiver?. (Parizeau, M.-H., Eds.) Bruxelles, Belgique, De Boech & Larcier, pages 37-46. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  8. Potvin, C., Reveret, J.-P., Patenaude, G. and Hutton, J. (1996) Selective Responses to Global Change: Experimental Results on Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. (Chap. 3) In Carbon Dioxide, Populations, and Communities. (Korner, C. and Bazzaz, F.A., Eds.) San Diego, CA, USA, Academic Press, pages 23-30. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  9. Potvin, C., Reveret, J.-P., Patenaude, G. and Hutton, J. (1993) Correlated increases in CO2 and temperature from the plant's viewpoint. In McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology. (Parker, S., Eds.) New-York, USA, McGraw-Hill, pages 312-315. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  10. Potvin, C. (1993) ANOVA: Experiments in Controlled Environments. In Design and Analysis of Ecological Experiments. (Scheiner, S.M. and Gurevitch, J., Eds.) New-York, USA, Chapman & Hall, pages 46-68. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  11. Potvin, C. (1993) Interactive effect of CO2 and temperature on plant growth and physiology. In Plant Responses to the Gaseous Environment: Molecular, Metabolic and Physiological Aspects. (Alscher, R.G. and Wellburn, A.R., Eds.) New-York, USA, Chapman & Hall, pages 39-53. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )

Livres et actes de colloques publiés à titre d'éditeur

  1. Potvin, C., Kraenzel, M. and Seutin, G., Eds. (2001) Roles and Responsability in the protection of biodiversity. Montreal & Kingston, London, Ithaca, McGill Queen's University Press. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Cantin, D. and Potvin, C., Eds. (1996) La Conservation des forêts québécoises: Un défi pour l'an 2000. Presses de l'Université Laval, Québec. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )

Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture

  1. Sharma, D., Holmes, I., Vergara-Asenjo, G., Miller, W.N., Cunampio, M., Cunampio, R.B., Cunampio, M.B. and Potvin, C. (2016) A comparison of influences on the landscape of two social-ecological systems. Land Use Policy, 57:499-513. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Sardain, A., Tang, C. and Potvin, C. (2016) Towards a dashboard of sustainability indicators for Panama: A participatory approach. Ecological Indicators, 70:545-556. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  3. Cameron, L. and Potvin, C. (2016) Characterizing desired futures of Canadian communities. Futures, 82:37-51. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  4. Ross, D.A., Guzmán, H.M., Van Hinsberg, V.J. and Potvin, C. (2016) Metal contents of marine turtle eggs (Chelonia mydas; Lepidochelys olivacea) from the tropical eastern pacific and the implications for human health. Journal of Environmental Science and Health - Part B Pesticides, Food Contaminants, and Agricultural Wastes, 51(10):675-687. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  5. Verheyen, K., Vanhellemont, M., Auge, H., Baeten, L., Baraloto, C., Barsoum, N., Bilodeau-Gauthier, S., Bruelheide, H., Castagneyrol, B., Godbold, D., Haase, J., Hector, A., Jactel, H., Koricheva, J., Loreau, M., Mereu, S., Messier, C., Muys, B., Nolet, P., Paquette, A., Parker, J., Perring, M., Ponette, Q., Potvin, C., Reich, P.B., Smith, A., Weih, M. and Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (2016) Contributions of a global network of tree diversity experiments to sustainable forest plantations. Ambio, 45(1):29-41. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  6. Guerrero-Ramírez, N. R., Craven, D., Messier, C., Potvin, C., Turner, B.L. and Handa, I.T. (2016) Root quality and decomposition environment, but not tree species richness, drive root decomposition in tropical forests. Plant and Soil, 404(1):125-139. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  7. Vergara-Asenjo, G., Sharma, D. and Potvin, C. (2015) Engaging Stakeholders: Assessing Accuracy of Participatory Mapping of Land Cover in Panama. Conservation Letters, 8(6):432-439. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  8. Pelletier, J., Busch, J. and Potvin, C. (2015) Addressing uncertainty upstream or downstream of accounting for emissions reductions from deforestation and forest degradation. Climatic Change, 130(4):635-648. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  9. Paine, C.E.T., Amissah, L., Auge, H., Baraloto, C., Baruffol, M., Bourland, N., Bruelheide, H., Dainou, K., de Gouvenain, R.C., Doucet, J.-L., Doust, S., Fine, P.V.A., Fortunel, C., Haase, J., Holl, K.D., Jactel, H., Li, X., Kitajima, K., Koricheva, J., Martinez-Garza, C., Messier, C., Paquette, A., Philipson, C., Piotto, D., Poorter, L., Posada, J.M., Potvin, C., Rainio, K., Russo, S.E., Ruiz-Jaen, M., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Webb, C.O., Wright, S.J., Zahawi, R.A. and Hector, A. (2015) Globally, functional traits are weak predictors of juvenile tree growth, and we do not know why. Journal of Ecology, 103(4):978-989. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  10. Sharma, D., Vergara-Asenjo, G., Cunampio, M., Cunampio, R.B., Cunampio, M.B. and Potvin, C. (2015) Genesis of an indigenous social-ecological landscape in eastern panama. Ecology and Society, 20(4). (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  11. Salisbury, C.L. and Potvin, C. (2015) Erratum to Does Tree Species Composition Affect Productivity in a Tropical Planted Forest? [Ecol. Manag., 234, (2006) 245-263]. Biotropica, 47(6):783-783. (Scopus  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  12. Falster, D.S., Duursma, R.A., Ishihara, M.I., Barneche, D.R., FitzJohn, R.G., Varhammar, A., Aiba, M., Ando, M., Anten, N., Aspinwall, M.J., Baltzer, J.L., Baraloto, C., Battaglia, M., Battles, J.J., Bond-Lamberty, B., van Breugel, M., Camac, J., Claveau, Y., Coll, L., Dannoura, M., Delagrange, S., Domec, J.-C., Fatemi, F., Feng, W., Gargaglione, V., Goto, Y., Hagihara, A., Hall, J.S., Hamilton, S., Harja, D., Hiura, T., Holdaway, R., Hutley, L.S., Ichie, T., Jokela, E.J., Kantola, A., Kelly, J.W.G., Kenzo, T., King, D., Kloeppel, B.D., Kohyama, T., Komiyama, A., Laclau, J.-P., Lusk, C.H., Maguire, D.A., le Maire, G., Makela, A., Markesteijn, L., Marshall, J., McCulloh, K., Miyata, I., Mokany, K., Mori, S., Myster, R.W., Nagano, M., Naidu, S.L., Nouvellon, Y., O'Grady, A.P., O'Hara, K.L., Ohtsuka, T., Osada, N., Osunkoya, O.O., Peri, P.L., Petritan, A.M., Poorter, L., Portsmuth, A., Potvin, C., Ransijn, J., Reid, D., Ribeiro, S.C., Roberts, S.D., Rodriguez, R., Salda-Acosta, A., Santa-Regina, I., Sasa, K., Selaya, N.G., Sillett, S.C., Sterck, F., Takagi, K., Tange, T., Tanouchi, H., Tissue, D., Umehara, T., Utsugi, H., Vadeboncoeur, M.A., Valladares, F., Vanninen, P., Wang, J.R., Wenk, E., Williams, R., de Aquino Ximenes, F., Yamaba, A., Yamada, T., Yamakura, T., Yanai, R.D. and York, R.A. (2015) BAAD: a Biomass And Allometry Database for woody plants. Ecology, 96(5):1445-1445. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  13. Salisbury, C.L. and Potvin, C. (2015) Does Tree Species Composition Affect Productivity in a Tropical Planted Forest? Biotropica, 47(5):559-568. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  14. Galicia, L., Potvin, C. and Messier, C. (2015) Maintaining the high diversity of pine and oak species in Mexican temperate forests: a new management approach combining functional zoning and ecosystem adaptability. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 45(10):1358-1368. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  15. Sapijanskas, J., Paquette, A., Potvin, C., Kunert, N. and Loreau, M. (2014) Tropical tree diversity enhances light capture through crown plasticity and spatial and temporal niche differences. Ecology, 95(9):2479-2492. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  16. Holmes, I. and Potvin, C. (2014) Avoiding re-inventing the wheel in a people-centered approach to REDD+. Conservation Biology, 28(5):1380-1393. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  17. Vergara-Asenjo, G. and Potvin, C. (2014) Forest protection and tenure status: THE key role of indigenous peoples and protected areas in Panama. Global Environmental Change, 28(1):205-215. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  18. Pelletier, J., Martin, D. and Potvin, C. (2013) REDD+ emissions estimation and reporting: Dealing with uncertainty. Environmental Research Letters, 8(3):-. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  19. Sprenger, M., Oelmann, Y., Weihermuller, L., Wolf, S., Wilcke, W. and Potvin, C. (2013) Tree species and diversity effects on soil water seepage in a tropical plantation. Forest Ecology and Management, 309:76-86. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  20. Potvin, C. and Mateo-Vega, J. (2013) Panama: Curb indigenous fears of REDD+. Nature, 500(7463):400-. (Scopus  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  21. Asner, G.P., Mascaro, J., Anderson, C., Knapp, D.E., Martin, R.E., Kennedy-Bowdoin, T., Breugel, M., Davies, S., Hall, J.S., Muller-Landau, H.C., Potvin, C., Sousa, W., Wright, J. and Bermingham, E. (2013) High-fidelity national carbon mapping for resource management and REDD+. Carbon Balance and Management, 8(1):1-14. (URL  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  22. Peterson St-Laurent, G., Gelinas, N. and Potvin, C. (2013) REDD+ and the agriculture frontier: Understanding colonists' utilization of the land. Land Use Policy, 31:516-525. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  23. Riedel, J., Dorn, S., Plath, M., Potvin, C. and Mody, K. (2013) Time matters: Temporally changing effects of planting schemes and insecticide treatment on native timber tree performance on former pasture. Forest Ecology and Management, 297:49-56. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  24. Sapijanskas, J., Potvin, C. and Loreau, M. (2013) Beyond shading: Litter production by neighbors contributes to overyielding in tropical trees. Ecology, 94(4):941-952. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  25. Pelletier, J., Kirby, K.R. and Potvin, C. (2012) Significance of carbon stock uncertainties on emission reductions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries. Forest Policy and Economics, 24:3-11. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  26. Pelletier, J., Codjia, C. and Potvin, C. (2012) Traditional shifting agriculture: Tracking forest carbon stock and biodiversity through time in western Panama. Global Change Biology, 18(12):3581-3595. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  27. Kunert, N., Schwendenmann, L., Potvin, C. and Holscher, D. (2012) Tree diversity enhances tree transpiration in a Panamanian forest plantation. Journal of Applied Ecology, 49(1):135-144. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  28. Plath, M., Mody, K., Potvin, C. and Dorn, S. (2011) Establishment of native tropical timber trees in monoculture and mixed-species plantations: Small-scale effects on tree performance and insect herbivory. Forest Ecology and Management, 261(3):741-750. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  29. Plath, M., Mody, K., Potvin, C. and Dorn, S. (2011) Do multipurpose companion trees affect high value timber trees in a silvopastoral plantation system? Agroforestry Systems, 81(1):79-92. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  30. Ruiz-Jaen, M.C. and Potvin, C. (2011) Can we predict carbon stocks in tropical ecosystems from tree diversity? Comparing species and functional diversity in a plantation and a natural forest. New Phytologist, 189(4):978-987. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  31. Wolf, S., Eugster, W., Potvin, C. and Buchmann, N. (2011) Strong seasonal variations in net ecosystem CO2 exchange of a tropical pasture and afforestation in Panama. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, 151(8):1139-1151. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  32. Pelletier, J., Ramankutty, N. and Potvin, C. (2011) Diagnosing the uncertainty and detectability of emission reductions for REDD + under current capabilities: An example for Panama. Environmental Research Letters, 6(2):024005. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  33. Wolf, S., Eugster, W., Potvin, C., Turner, B.L. and Buchmann, N. (2011) Carbon sequestration potential of tropical pasture compared with afforestation in Panama. Global Change Biology, 17(9):2763-2780. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  34. Potvin, C., Mancilla, L., Buchmann, N., Monteza, J., Moore, T., Murphy, M., Oelmann, Y., Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Turner, B.L., Wilcke, W., Zeugin, F. and Wolf, S. (2011) An ecosystem approach to biodiversity effects: Carbon pools in a tropical tree plantation. Forest Ecology and Management, 261(10):1614-1624. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  35. Ruiz-Jaen, M.C. and Potvin, C. (2010) Tree diversity explains variation in ecosystem function in a neotropical forest in Panama. Biotropica, 42(6):638-646. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  36. Isenberg, J. and Potvin, C. (2010) Financing REDD in developing countries: A supply and demand analysis. Climate Policy, 10(2):216-231. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  37. Zeugin, F., Potvin, C., Jansa, J. and Scherer-Lorenzen, M. (2010) Is tree diversity an important driver for phosphorus and nitrogen acquisition of a young tropical plantation? Forest Ecology and Management, 260(9):1424-1433. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  38. Potvin, C. and Dutilleul, P. (2009) Neighborhood effects and size-asymmetric competition in a tree plantation varying in diversity. Ecology, 90(2):321-327. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  39. Oestreicher, J.S., Benessaiah, K., Ruiz-Jaen, M.C., Sloan, S., Turner, K., Pelletier, J., Guay, B., Clark, K.E., Roche, D.G., Meiners, M. and Potvin, C. (2009) Avoiding deforestation in Panamanian protected areas: An analysis of protection effectiveness and implications for reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation. Global Environmental Change, 19(2):279-291. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  40. Oelmann, Y., Potvin, C., Mark, T., Werther, L., Tapernon, S. and Wilcke, W. (2009) Tree mixture effects on aboveground nutrient pools of trees in an experimental plantation in Panama. Plant and Soil, 326(1):199-212. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  41. Paquette, A., Hawryshyn, J., Senikas, A.V. and Potvin, C. (2009) Enrichment Planting in Secondary Forests: a Promising Clean Development Mechanism to Increase Terrestrial Carbon Sinks. Ecology and Society, 14(1):31. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  42. Coomes, O.T., Grimard, F., Potvin, C. and Sima, P. (2008) The fate of the tropical forest: Carbon or cattle? Ecological Economics, 65(2):207-212. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  43. Delagrange, S., Potvin, C., Messier, C. and Coll, L. (2008) Linking multiple-level tree traits with biomass accumulation in native tree species used for reforestation in Panama. Trees - Structure and Function, 22(3):337-349. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  44. Murphy, M., Balser, T., Buchmann, N., Hahn, V. and Potvin, C. (2008) Linking tree biodiversity to belowground process in a young tropical plantation: Impacts on soil CO2 flux. Forest Ecology and Management, 255(7):2577-2588. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  45. Coll, L., Potvin, C., Messier, C. and Delagrange, S. (2008) Root architecture and allocation patterns of eight native tropical species with different successional status used in open-grown mixed plantations in Panama. Trees - Structure and Function, 22(4):585-596. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  46. Healy, C., Gotelli, N.J. and Potvin, C. (2008) Partitioning the effects of biodiversity and environmental heterogeneity for productivity and mortality in a tropical tree plantation. Journal of Ecology, 96(5):903-913. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  47. Potvin, C., Guay, B. and Pedroni, L. (2008) Is reducing emissions from deforestation financially feasible? A Panamanian case study. Climate Policy, 8(1):23-40. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  48. Potvin, C. and Bovarnick, A. (2008) Reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in developing countries: Key actors, negotiations and actions. Carbon and Climate Law Review. (URL  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  49. Potvin, C. and Gotelli, N.J. (2008) Biodiversity enhances individual performance but does not affect survivorship in tropical trees. Ecology Letters, 11(3):217-223. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  50. Kirby, K.R. and Potvin, C. (2007) Variation in carbon storage among tree species: Implications for the management of a small-scale carbon sink project. Forest Ecology and Management, 246(2-3):208-221. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  51. Scherer-Lorenzen, M., Bonilla, J.L. and Potvin, C. (2007) Tree species richness affects litter production and decomposition rates in a tropical biodiversity experiment. Oikos, 116(12):2108-2124. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  52. Potvin, C., Coomes, O.T. and Grimard, F. (2007) Will RED work where it should? Science. (URL  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  53. Potvin, C., Tschakert, P., Lebel, F., Kirby, K., Barrios, H., Bocariza, J., Caisamo, J., Caisamo, L., Cansari, C., Casama, J., Casama, M., Chamorra, L., Dumasa, N., Goldenberg, S., Guainora, V., Hayes, P., Moore, T. and Ruiz, J. (2007) A participatory approach to the establishment of a baseline scenario for a reforestation Clean Development Mechanism project. Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, 12(8):1341-1362. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  54. Tschakert, P., Coomes, O.T. and Potvin, C. (2007) Indigenous livelihoods, slash-and-burn agriculture, and carbon stocks in Eastern Panama. Ecological Economics, 60(4):807-820. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  55. Potvin, C., Owen, C.T., Melzi, S. and Beaucage, P. (2005) Biodiversity and modernization in four coffee-producing villages of Mexico. Ecology and Society, 10(1):18. [online]. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  56. Potvin, C., Whidden, E. and Moore, T. (2004) A case study of carbon pools under three different land-uses in Panama. Climatic Change, 67(2-3):291-307. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  57. Dalle, S.P. and Potvin, C. (2004) Conservation of useful plants: An evaluation of local priorities from two indigenous communities in eastern Panama. Economic Botany, 58(1):38-57. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  58. Potvin, C., Cansari, R., Hutton, J., Caisamo, I. and Pacheco, B. (2003) Preparation for propagation: Understanding germination of giwa (Astrocaryum standleyanum), wagara (Sabal mauritiiformis), and eba (Socratea exorrhiza) for future cultivation. Biodiversity and Conservation, 12(11):2161-2171. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  59. Kraenzel, M., Castillo, A., Moore, T. and Potvin, C. (2003) Carbon storage of harvest-age teak (Tectona grandis) plantations, Panama. Forest Ecology and Management, 173(1-3):213-225. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  60. Elias, M. and Potvin, C. (2003) Assessing inter- and intra-specific variation in trunk carbon concentration for 32 neotropical tree species. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33(6):1039-1045. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  61. Wilsey, B.J., Parent, G., Roulet, N.T., Moore, T.R. and Potvin, C. (2002) Tropical pasture carbon cycling: Relationships between C source/sink strength, above-ground biomass and grazing. Ecology Letters, 5(3):367-376. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  62. Dalle, S.P., Lopez, H., Diaz, D., Legendre, P. and Potvin, C. (2002) Spatial distribution and habitats of useful plants: An initial assessment for conservation on an indigenous territory, Panama. Biodiversity and Conservation, 11(4):637-667. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  63. Filion, M., Dutilleul, P. and Potvin, C. (2000) Optimum experimental design for free-air carbon dioxide enrichment (FACE) studies. Global Change Biology, 6(7):843-854. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  64. Ellis, A.R., Hubbell, S.P. and Potvin, C. (2000) In situ field measurements of photosynthetic rates of tropical tree species: A test of the functional group hypothesis. Canadian Journal of Botany, 78(10):1336-1347. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  65. Wilsey, B.J. and Potvin, C. (2000) Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning: Importance of species evenness in an old field. Ecology, 81(4):887-892. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  66. Vasseur, L. and Potvin, C. (1998) Natural pasture community response to enriched carbon dioxide atmosphere. Plant Ecology, 135(1):31-41. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  67. Taylor, K. and Potvin, C. (1997) Understanding the long-term effect of CO2 enrichment on a pasture: The importance of disturbance. Canadian Journal of Botany, 75(10):1621-1627. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  68. Potvin, C. and Vasseur, L. (1997) Long-term CO2 enrichment of a pasture community: Species richness, dominance, and succession. Ecology, 78(3):666-677. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  69. Cantin, D., Tremblay, M.F., Lechowicz, M.J. and Potvin, C. (1997) Effects of CO2 enrichment, elevated temperature, and nitrogen availability on the growth and gas exchange of different families of jack pine seedlings. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 27(4):510-520. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  70. Potvin, C. and Tousignant, D. (1996) Evolutionary consequences of simulated global change: Genetic adaptation or adaptive phenotypic plasticity. Oecologia, 108(4):683-693. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  71. Stewart, J. and Potvin, C. (1996) Effects of elevated CO2 on an artificial grassland community: Competition, invasion and neighbourhood growth. Functional Ecology, 10(2):157-166. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  72. Dutilleul, P. and Potvin, C. (1995) Among-environment heteroscedasticity and genetic autocorrelation: Implications for the study of phenotypic plasticity. Genetics, 139(4):1815-1829. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  73. Wang Zhang, M., Lechowicz, M.J. and Potvin, C. (1995) Responses of black spruce seedlings to simulated present versus future seedbed environments. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 25(4):545-554. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  74. Wang Zhang, M., Lechowicz, M.J. and Potvin, C. (1994) Early selection of black spruce seedlings and global change: Which genotypes should we favor? Ecological Applications, 4(3):604-616. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  75. Potvin, C. and Roff, D.A. (1993) Distribution-free and robust statistical methods: viable alternatives to parametric statistics? Ecology, 74(6):1617-1628. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  76. Potvin, C. and Travis, J. (1993) A Drop in the Ocean ... Concluding Remarks. Ecology, 74(6):1674-1676. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  77. Charest, C. and Potvin, C. (1993) Maternally-Induced Modification of Progeny Phenotypes in the C-4 Weed Echinochloa-Crus-Galli - an Analysis of Seed Constituents and Performance. Oecologia, 93(3):383-388. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  78. Matson, P., Travis, J. and Potvin, C. (1993) Statistical-Methods - an Upgrade for Ecologists. Ecology, 74(6):1615-1616. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  79. Potvin, C. and Charest, C. (1991) Maternal Effects of Temperature on Metabolism in the C-4 Weed Echinochloa-Crus-Galli. Ecology, 72(6):1973-1979. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  80. Potvin, C. (1991) Temperature-induced variation in reproductive success: field and control experiments with the C4 grass Echinochloa crus-galli. Canadian Journal of Botany, 69(7):1577-1582. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  81. Potvin, C., Lechowicz, M.J. and Tardif, S. (1990) The statistical analysis of ecophysiological response curves obtained from experiments involving repeated measures. Ecology, 71(4):1389-1400. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  82. Potvin, C., Lechowicz, M.J., Bell, G. and Schoen, D. (1990) Spatial, temporal, amd species-specific patterns of heterogeneity in growth chamber experiments. Canadian Journal of Botany, 68(3):499-504. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  83. Simon, J.P., Potvin, C. and Strain, B.R. (1989) Effects of temperature and CO2 enrichment on kinetic properties of NADP+-malate dehydrogenase in two ecotypes of barnyard grass (Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.) from contrasting climates. Oecologia, 81(1):138-144. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  84. Potvin, C. and Simon, J.P. (1989) The Evolution of Cold Temperature Adaptation among Populations of a Widely Distributed C-4 Weed - Barnyard Grass. Evolutionary Trends in Plants, 3(2):98-105. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  85. Potvin, C. and Tardif, S. (1988) Sources of Variability and Experimental Designs in Growth Chambers. Functional Ecology, 2(1):123-130. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  86. Potvin, C. (1987) Differences between the effects of partial and whole plant chilling on carbon translocation of a C4 grass. Plant, Cell and Environment, 11(1):51?54. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  87. Potvin, C. (1987) Differences in photosynthetic characteristics among northern and southern C4 plants. Physiologia Plantarum, 69(4):659?664. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  88. Potvin, C., Simon, J.P. and Strain, B.R. (1986) Effect of low temperature on the photosynthetic metabolism of the C4 grass Echinochloa crus-galli. Oecologia, 69(4):499-506. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  89. Potvin, C. (1986) Biomass allocation and phenological differences among southern and northern populations of the C4 grass Echinochloa crus- galli. Journal of Ecology, 74(4):915-923. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  90. Potvin, C. and Strain, B.R. (1985) Effects of CO2 enrichment and temperature on growth in two C4 weeds, Echinochloa crus-galli and Eleusine indica. Canadian Journal of Botany, 63:1495-1499. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  91. Potvin, C., Strain, B.R. and Goeschl, J.D. (1985) Low night temperature effect on photosynthate translocation of two C4 grasses. Oecologia, 67(3):305-309. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  92. Potvin, C. (1985) Amelioration of chilling effects by CO2 enrichment. Physiologie végétale, 23(4):345-352. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  93. Potvin, C. (1985) Effect of Leaf Detachment on Chlorophyll Fluorescence during Chilling Experiments. Plant Physiology, 78(4):883?886. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  94. Potvin, C. and Strain, B.R. (1985) Photosynthetic response to growth temperature and CO2 enrichment in two species of C4 grasses. Canadian Journal of Botany, 63(3):483-487. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  95. Potvin, C., Goesch, J.D. and Strain, B.R. (1984) Effects of Temperature and CO2 Enrichment on Carbon Translocation of Plants of the C4 Grass Species Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv. from Cool and Warm Environments. Plant Physiology, 75:1054-1057. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  96. Simon, J.P., Potvin, C. and Strain, B.R. (1984) Effects of temperature and CO2 enrichment on kinetic properties of phospho-enol-pyruvate carboxylase in two ecotypes of Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv., a C4 weed grass species. Oecologia, 63(1):145-152. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  97. Potvin, C., Bergeron, Y. and Simon, J.P. (1983) A Numerical Taxonomic Study of Selected Citrus Species (Rutaceae) Based on Biochemical Characters. Systematic Botany, 8:127-133. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  98. Potvin, C., Simon, J.-P. and Blanchard, M.-H. (1983) Thermal properties of NAD malate dehydrogenase and glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase in two genotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana (Cruciferae) from contrasting environments. Plant Science Letters, 31:35-47. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  99. Simon, J.P., Potvin, C. and Blanchard, M.H. (1983) Thermal adaptation and acclimation of higher plants at the enzyme level: kinetic properties of NAD malate dehydrogenase and glutamate oxaloacetate transaminase in two genotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana ( Brassicaceae). Oecologia, 60(2):143-148. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  100. Potvin, C., Blanchard, M.-H. and Simon, J.-P. (1981) Thermal adaptation and acclimation of two genotypes of Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. (Cruciferae): Morphology, growth rates and kinetic properties of malate dehydrogenase and glutamic oxaloacetate transaminase. Arabidopsis Information Service, 18:100-114. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )

Articles publiés dans des actes de colloque (proceedings)

  1. Potvin, C., Barrios, H., Molina, N. and Provost, M. (2005) Conservation of indigenous medicinal plants and associated knowledge: a case study from the Embera community of Ipeti, Panama. In Proceedings of the International Symposium Biodiversity and health. (Arnason, J.T., Catling, P.M., Small, E. and Dang, P.T. and Lambert, J.D.H., Eds.) CNR press, pages 25-31. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )

Rapports scientifiques, manuels et autres

  1. Sharma, D. and Potvin, C. (2015) Acting on Climate Change: Extending the Dialogue Among Canadians. Technical report, Trottier Institute for Science and Public Policy. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Potvin, C., Aitken, S., Anctil, F., Bennett, E., Berkes, F., Byrne, J., Creed, I., Consolo Willox, A., Dale, A., de Lange, D., Entz, M., Fraser, L., Hoberg, G., Holden, M., Jacob, A., Jodoin, S., Margolis, L., Meadowcroft, J., Morency, C., Mousseau, N., Oakes, K., Otto, S., Palmer, T.S., Paquin, D., Perl, A., Potvin, A., Raudsepp-Hearne, C., Sinclair, B., Slawinski, N., Stoddart, M. and Wright, T. (2015) Agir sur les changements climatiques au Canada : les solutions d’universitaires canadiens et canadiennes. (PDF  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )

Thèses, mémoires et essais

  1. Potvin, C. (1985) Responses of two C4 grasses to CO2 enrichment and low temperature: implications for the biogeographical distribution of C4 plants. Thèse de doctorat, Duke University. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Potvin, C. (1982) Adaptation et acclimation à la température chez Arabidopsis thaliana (L.) Heynh. (Cruciferae). Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Montréal. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )

Thèses, mémoires et essais supervisés

  1. Pelletier, J. (2012) Emissions from land-cover change in Panama: uncertainty, dynamics, and perception. Thèse de doctorat, McGill University. ( | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Guay, B. (2007) Reducing greenhouse gas emissions from deforestation : the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and policy-making in Panama. Mémoire de maîtrise, McGill University. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  3. Healy, C. (2007) The biodiversity-ecosystem functioning relationship : separating the effects of species richness, from those of species identity and environmental heterogeneity in a tropical tree plantation. Mémoire de maîtrise, McGill University. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )

Articles publiés dans des revues sans comité de lecture

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********************************************************** ***************** Colloque du CEF ************************ **********************************************************

11e Colloque
du CEF

1 et 2
mai 2017

Coeur des sciences de l'UQAM

********************************************************** ***************** R à Québec **************************** **********************************************************

25-26 mai | Université Laval

********************************************************** ***************** Formation CEF **************************** **********************************************************


Introduction aux systèmes d'information géographique avec QGIS
20-22 mars 2017 | Univ. Laval

********************************************************** ***************** Cours du CEF **************************** **********************************************************

Cours du CEF

Analyse des pistes et modélisation par équations structurelles pour écologistes 
1–5 mai 2017 | Université de Sherbrooke
Path analysis and structural equation modelling for ecologists 
May 1–5 2017 | Université de Sherbrooke
Cours d'été: Terrain avancé en environnement (GÉO 6041) 
Cours aux cycles supérieurs de 3 crédits offert par François Girard, du 2 au 7 juillet 2017 à la Forêt Montmorency non loin de Québec.
Cours d’été en statistiques bayésiennes – Summer school in Bayesian statistics 
École d’été en statistiques bayésiennes. Maximum de 20 participants.
14 au 18 août | Orford Musique (à 30 minutes de Sherbrooke)
Cours sur la complexité 
24-29 septembre 2017, Toscane, Italie

********************************************************** ***************** Maudite pub - Budworm ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Maudite pub - Colibri **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Maudite pub - NewForest **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ********** Maudite pub 6 - Au coeur de l'arbre *********** **********************************************************

...Une exposition
virtuelle sur l'arbre!

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

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