TschakertCoomesPotvin2007

Référence

Tschakert, P., Coomes, O.T., Potvin, C. (2007) Indigenous livelihoods, slash-and-burn agriculture, and carbon stocks in Eastern Panama. Ecological Economics, 60(4):807-820.

Résumé

Improved crop-fallow systems in the humid tropics can simultaneously sequester atmospheric carbon emissions and contribute to sustainable livelihoods of rural populations. A study with an indigenous community in eastern Panama revealed a considerable biophysical potential for carbon offsets in small-scale slash-and-burn agriculture through longer fallow periods, improved fallow management, secondary forest development, and agricultural intensification. Based on soil and biomass carbon measurements, estimated annual sequestration rates amount to 0.3-3.7 t C ha- 1 yr- 1. Despite such potential, the economic benefits of initiatives aimed at sequestration of carbon in the community are likely to be rather unequally distributed within the community. Heterogeneity in livelihood strategies and uneven asset endowments among households - factors often overlooked in the ongoing carbon and sustainable development debate - are expected to strongly affect household participation. Indeed, only the better-endowed households that have also managed to diversify into more lucrative farm and non-farm activities are likely to be able to participate in and thus benefit from improved crop-fallow systems that capture carbon. Economic, ethical, institutional, and technical concerns need to be taken into account when designing community carbon management and investment plans. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { TschakertCoomesPotvin2007,
    AUTHOR = { Tschakert, P. and Coomes, O.T. and Potvin, C. },
    TITLE = { Indigenous livelihoods, slash-and-burn agriculture, and carbon stocks in Eastern Panama },
    JOURNAL = { Ecological Economics },
    YEAR = { 2007 },
    VOLUME = { 60 },
    PAGES = { 807-820 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 09218009 (ISSN) Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: ECECE doi: 10.1016/j.ecolecon.2006.02.001 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Tschakert, P.; Department of Geography/Alliance for Earth Sciences; Engineering; Development in Africa (AESEDA); 315 Walker Building University Park, PA 16802-5011, United States; email: petra@psu.edu References: Abizaid, C., Coomes, O.T., Land use and forest fallowing dynamics in seasonally dry tropical forests of the southern Yucata?n Pensinsula, Mexico (2004) Land Use Policy, 21, pp. 71-84; Adams, A.M., Evans, T.G., Mohammed, R., Farnsworth, J., Socioeconomic stratification by wealth ranking: is it valid? 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    ABSTRACT = { Improved crop-fallow systems in the humid tropics can simultaneously sequester atmospheric carbon emissions and contribute to sustainable livelihoods of rural populations. A study with an indigenous community in eastern Panama revealed a considerable biophysical potential for carbon offsets in small-scale slash-and-burn agriculture through longer fallow periods, improved fallow management, secondary forest development, and agricultural intensification. Based on soil and biomass carbon measurements, estimated annual sequestration rates amount to 0.3-3.7 t C ha- 1 yr- 1. Despite such potential, the economic benefits of initiatives aimed at sequestration of carbon in the community are likely to be rather unequally distributed within the community. Heterogeneity in livelihood strategies and uneven asset endowments among households - factors often overlooked in the ongoing carbon and sustainable development debate - are expected to strongly affect household participation. Indeed, only the better-endowed households that have also managed to diversify into more lucrative farm and non-farm activities are likely to be able to participate in and thus benefit from improved crop-fallow systems that capture carbon. Economic, ethical, institutional, and technical concerns need to be taken into account when designing community carbon management and investment plans. © 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. },
    KEYWORDS = { Crop-fallow systems Indigenous smallholders Livelihood diversification Panama Soil and biomass carbon },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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