FortinLiechtiBruderer1999

Reference

Fortin, D., Liechti, F., Bruderer, B. (1999) Variation in the nocturnal flight behaviour of migratory birds along the northwest coast of the Mediterranean Sea. Ibis, 141(3):480-488.

Abstract

The Mediterranean Sea is one of the largest obstacles that has to be crossed by Palearctic birds migrating from Europe to Africa; it thus offers a good opportunity to study variations in migratory behaviour of birds facing a major ecological barrier. Using a passive infrared device, the flight directions of nocturnal migrants were determined and flight altitudes estimated at ten sites along the French and Spanish coast of the Mediterranean Sea in September and October 1995. The variation of migratory intensity, flight direction and altitude in the course of the night was examined. The highest density of migration was recorded within the first hour after sunset, followed by relatively high densities over the next several hours, and a progressive decrease in the last third of the night. In spite of broad variation in the course of the coastline relative to the basic directions of migration and specific reactions of the migrants to the local conditions, a decrease in seaward migration corresponding to an increase in landward migration from the first to the second half of the night was a general feature at nearly all sites. The results suggest a shift in the motivation of the birds depending on the time of arrival in a coastal area, leading to an adjustment in the flight behaviour of nocturnal migrants.

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@ARTICLE { FortinLiechtiBruderer1999,
    AUTHOR = { Fortin, D. and Liechti, F. and Bruderer, B. },
    TITLE = { Variation in the nocturnal flight behaviour of migratory birds along the northwest coast of the Mediterranean Sea },
    JOURNAL = { Ibis },
    YEAR = { 1999 },
    VOLUME = { 141 },
    PAGES = { 480-488 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { IBIS },
    ABSTRACT = { The Mediterranean Sea is one of the largest obstacles that has to be crossed by Palearctic birds migrating from Europe to Africa; it thus offers a good opportunity to study variations in migratory behaviour of birds facing a major ecological barrier. Using a passive infrared device, the flight directions of nocturnal migrants were determined and flight altitudes estimated at ten sites along the French and Spanish coast of the Mediterranean Sea in September and October 1995. The variation of migratory intensity, flight direction and altitude in the course of the night was examined. The highest density of migration was recorded within the first hour after sunset, followed by relatively high densities over the next several hours, and a progressive decrease in the last third of the night. In spite of broad variation in the course of the coastline relative to the basic directions of migration and specific reactions of the migrants to the local conditions, a decrease in seaward migration corresponding to an increase in landward migration from the first to the second half of the night was a general feature at nearly all sites. The results suggest a shift in the motivation of the birds depending on the time of arrival in a coastal area, leading to an adjustment in the flight behaviour of nocturnal migrants. },
    KEYWORDS = { israel; radar; south },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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