CogliastroGagnonBouchard1997

Référence

Cogliastro, A., Gagnon, D. and Bouchard, A. (1997) Experimental determination of soil characteristics optimal for the growth of ten hardwoods planted on abandoned farmland. Forest Ecology and Management, 96(1-2):49-63.

Résumé

The growth and survival of ten hardwood tree species, planted in abandoned fields in southern Quebec, over a range of soil and geological conditions. were analyzed in order to identify optimal site conditions for species growth. From a total of 23 experimental blocks, in which a total of 5750 seedlings was planted, we described six different soil types based on a cluster analysis of 12 soil variables. Factorial analysis linked species growth, in height and diameter, to gradients of soil nutrient richness and soil moisture. A statistical indicator of the degree of specificity of species toward soil variables was obtained by Kaiser's measure of sampling adequacy (Kaiser, 1970. Little jiffy, mark IV. Educational and Psychological Measurement 34, 111-117). After four growing seasons, heights of red ash, red oak and bur oak are markedly different among soil types. Best red ash growth occurred on the most nutrient-rich and humid soils, as opposed to red oak whose best growth occurred at the nutrient-poor and dry endpoints of the edaphic gradients. Bur oak differs from red oak in having good growth over a wide range of soil moisture conditions. Sugar maple growth was best on well drained and relatively nutrient rich soils, but had high within site variability. Yellow birch, with a low overall survival, attained its best growth in the most nutrient poor, as well as above average soil moisture conditions. The optimal edaphic conditions are weakly defined in the case of butternut hickory and black walnut, the largest size of which was attained in below average and in better-than-average soil nutrient conditions respectively. Silver maple performed equally well on the majority of soil types, but achieved exceptional growth on the wettest soil type. White ash and butternut growth also suggest a wide ecological amplitude, the first having good growth and the second having slow growth on all soil types. A synthesis of the experimental results is presented as a decisional chart file silviculturalists. Soil texture, moisture and pH are ordered according to their potential for the optimal growth of species. Identified geological, geomorphologic and pedological site constraints on species growth must be considered in the species selection process, especially for species which attain their best growth in narrower segments of the edaphic gradients.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { CogliastroGagnonBouchard1997,
    AUTHOR = { Cogliastro, A. and Gagnon, D. and Bouchard, A. },
    TITLE = { Experimental determination of soil characteristics optimal for the growth of ten hardwoods planted on abandoned farmland },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 1997 },
    VOLUME = { 96 },
    PAGES = { 49-63 },
    NUMBER = { 1-2 },
    NOTE = { 03781127 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 8 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECMD doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00042-X Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Cogliastro, A.; IRBV; Jardin Botanique de Montreal; 4101 Sherbrooke Street East Montreal, Que. H1X 2B2, Canada; email: cogliasa@ere.umontreal.ca References: Abrams, M.D., Adaptations and responses to drought in Quercus species of North America (1990) Tree Physiology, 7, p. 227; (1987) The Canadian System of Soil Classification (CSSC), 2nd Edn., 1646, pp. 1-164. , Agriculture Canada, Ottawa, Ontario Publication; Bariteau, L., (1987) La Carte Ge?omorphologique Au 1:20000 de Modele?s Polyge?niques: Un Exemple des Basses Terres du Saint-Laurent, , M.Sc Thesis, Universite? de Montre?al, Montre?al, 185 pp; Bates, D.M., Belisle, J.M., Cameron, B.H., Evans, L.J., Jones, R.K., Pierpoint, G., Broek, B.V.D., (1985) Field Manual for Describing Soils, 3rd Edn., , Ontario Institute of Pedology, University of Guelph, 38 pp; Bergeron, J.F., Saucier, J.P., Robitaille, A., Robert, D., Que?bec forest ecological classification program (1992) Forestry Chronicle, 68, pp. 53-63; Bergeron, Y., Bouchard, A., Leduc, A., Les successions secondaires dans les fore?ts du haut Saint-Laurent, Que?bec (1988) Naturaliste Canadien, 115, pp. 19-38; Binkley, D., Vitousek, P., Soil nutrient availability (1989) Plant Physiological Ecology, pp. 75-93. , Percy, J.R.E.R.W., Mooney, H.A., Rundel, P.W. (Eds.), Chapman and Hall, New York; Bouchard, A., La ve?ge?tation forestie?re du Cap Saint-Jacques, i?le de Montre?al, Que?bec (1979) Canadian Journal of Botany, 57, pp. 1191-1202; Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., Camire?, C., Gangloff, P., Gariepy, M., Proposition d'une me?thodologie d'inventaire et de cartographie e?cologique: Le cas de la MRC du Haut-Saint-Laurent (1985) Cahiers de Ge?ographie du Que?bec, 29, pp. 79-95; Bouchard, A., Dyrda, S., Bergeron, Y., Meilleur, A., The use of notary deeds to estimate the change in the composition of 19th century forest, in Haut-Saint-Laurent, Quebec (1989) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 19, pp. 1146-1150; Bowling, C., Zelazny, V., Forest site classification in New Brunswick (1992) Forestry Chronicle, 68, pp. 34-41; Boxman, A.W., Cobben, P.L.W., Roelofs, J.G.M., Does (K + Mg + Ca + P) fertilization lead to recovery of tree health in a nitrogen stressed Quercus rubra L. Stand (1994) Environmental Pollution, 85, pp. 297-303; Brisson, J., The history and tree stratum of an old-growth forest of haut-Saint-Laurent region, Que?bec (1992) Natural Areas Journal, 12, pp. 3-9; Burns, R.M., Honkala, B.H., Silvics of North America: 2. Hardwoods (1990) Agriculture Handbook 654, , U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC, 877 pp; Cauboue, M., Le reboisement au que?bec. Guide-terrain pour le choix des essences re?sineuses (1988) Ministe?re de l'E?nergie et des Ressources, , 32 pp; Cerny, B.A., Kaiser, H.F., A study of a measure of sampling adequacy for factor-analytic correlation matrices (1977) Multivariate Behavioral Research, 12, pp. 43-47; Chapman, H.D., Cation exchange capacity (1965) Methods of Soil Analysis, pp. 902-904. , Black, C.A. (Ed.), American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI; Cogliastro, A., Gagnon, D., Bouchard, A., Effet des sites et des traitements sylvicoles sur la croissance, l'allocation en biomasse et l'utilisation de l'azote de semis de quatre espe?ces feuillues en plantations dans le sud-ouest du Que?bec (1993) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 23, pp. 199-209; Cogliastro, A., Gagnon, D., Bouchard, A., Is site preparation necessary for bur oak receiving post-planting weed control? (1997) Annales des Sciences Forestie?res, 54, pp. 107-116; Cogliastro, A., Gagnon, D., Coderre, D., Bhe?reur, P., Responses of seven hardwood tree species to herbicide, rortotilling, and legume cover at two southern Quebec plantation sites (1990) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 20, pp. 1172-1182; Davies, R.J., Sheet mulching as an aid to broadleaved tree establishment II. Comparison of various sizes of black polythene mulch and herbicide treated spot (1988) Forestry, 61, pp. 107-124; Delage, M., Gangloff, P., Marques d'icebergs reliques dans la re?gion de montre?al, Que?bec (1993) Ge?ographie Physique et Quaternaire, 47, pp. 69-80; Domon, G., Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., Gauvin, C., La re?partition et la dynamique des principales espe?ces arborescentes du Bois-de-Saraguay, Montre?al (Que?bec) (1986) Canadian Journal of Botany, 64, pp. 1027-1038; Domon, G., Bouchard, A., Garie?py, M., The dynamics of the forest landscape of Haut-Saint-Laurent (Quebec, Canada): Interactions between biophysical factors, perceptions and policy (1993) Landscape and Urban Planning, 25, pp. 53-74; Doucet, R., (1992) La Science Agricole: Climat, Sols et Productions Ve?ge?tales du Que?bec, , E?ditions Berger, Eastman, Que?bec, 699 pp; Dumont, M., (1995) Plantation des Feuillus Nobles. Direction de l'Assistance Technique, Ministe?re des Ressources Naturelles, , Gouvernement du Que?bec, Pub. No RN95-3022, 126 pp; Fowells, H.A., Silvics of forest trees of the United States (1965) Agriculture Handbook 271. U.S, , Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Washington, DC, 762 pp; Gagnon, D., Bouchard, A., La ve?ge?tation de l'escarpement d'Eardley, parc de la Gatineau, Que?bec (1981) Canadian Journal of Botany, 59, pp. 2667-2691; Gauthier, S., Gagnon, D., La ve?ge?tation des contreforts des Laurentides: Une analyse des gradients e?cologiques et du niveau successionnel des communaute?s (1990) Canadian Journal of Botany, 68, pp. 391-401; Halle?, A., (1987) La Productivite? des Communaute?s Forestie?res Dans Le Sud du Que?bec, , M.Sc. Thesis, Universite? du Que?bec a? Montre?al, Montre?al, 68 pp; Haynes, R.J., (1986) Mineral Nitrogen in the Plant-Soil System, , Academic Press, Toronto, 483 pp; Hightshoe, G.L., (1988) Native Trees, Shrubs, and Vines for Urban and Rural America: A Planting Design Manual for Environmental Designers, , Van Nostrand Reinhold, New York, 819 pp; Jones, R.K., Pierpoint, G., Wickware, G.M., Jeglum, J.K., Arnup, R.W., Bowles, J.M., (1983) Field Guide to Forest Ecosystem Classification for the Clay Belt, Site Region 3e, , Ontario Mineral and Natural Resources, Toronto, Ontario, 123 pp; Kaiser, H.F., A second generation little jiffy (1970) Psychometrika, 35, pp. 401-415; Kaiser, H.F., Cerny, B.A., Little jiffy, mark IV (1974) Educational and Psychological Measurement, 34, pp. 111-117; Keeny, D.R., Nelson, D.W., Nitrogen-inorganic forms (1982) Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2 Chemical and Microbiological Properties, , Page, A.L., Miller, R.H., Keeny, D.R. (Eds.), Agronomy Society of America, Madison, WI, USA, pp. 643-698; Klinka, K., Carter, R.E., Relationships between site index and synoptic environmental factors in immature coastal Douglas-fir stands (1990) Forest Science, 36, pp. 815-830; Klinka, K., Feller, M.C., Principles used in selecting tree species for regeneration of forest sites in south-western British Columbia (1984) Forestry Chronicle, 60, pp. 77-85; Klinka, K., Green, R.N., Courtin, P.J., Nuszdorfer, F.C., Site diagnosis, tree species selection, and slashburning guidelines for the Vancouver forest region (1984) Land Management Report No. 25, 25. , Ministry of Forest, Victoria, B.C., 180 pp; Kuhns, M.R., Stroup, W.W., Gebre, G.M., Dehydration tolerance of 5 bur oak (Quercus macrocarpa) seed sources from Texas, Nebraska, Minnesota, and New york (1993) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 23, pp. 387-393; Lamontagne, L., Nolin, M.C., Dossier des noms de sols du que?bec. Syste?me d'information des sols du Canada (SISCan) Centre de Recherches Sur Les Sols et Les Grandes Cultures, , Agriculture et Agroalimentaire Canada, Sainte-Foy, Que., 60 pp; Lechowicz, M.J., Ives, N.E., Comparative ecology of drought response in hardwood trees: Acer saccharum versus Fraxinus americana (1989) Structural and Functional Responses to Environmental Stresses, pp. 283-292. , Kreeb, K.H., Richter, H., Hinckley, T.M. (Eds.), SPB Academic Publishing, The Hague; Mailloux, A., Godbout, G., E?tude pe?dologique des sols des comte?s de Huntingdon et Beauharnois (1954) Ministe?re de l'Agriculture du Que?bec, , Division des Sols, Ste-Anne-de-la-Pocatie?re, Que?bec. Bulletin Technique No. 4, 221 pp; Marshner, H., (1995) Mineral Nutrition of Higher Plants, , Academic Press, Toronto, 889 pp; Meilleur, A., Bouchard, A., Bergeron, Y., The relation between geomorphology and forest community types of the Haut-St-Laurent, Que?bec (1994) Vegetatio, 111, pp. 173-192; Meredieu, C., Arrouays, D., Goulard, M., Auclair, D., Short range soil variability and its effect on red oak growth (Quercus rubra L) (1996) Soil Science, 161, pp. 29-38; Sommaire Climatologique du Que?bec, Station St-Anicet (1993) Direction des Re?seaux Atmosphe?riques, , Gouvernement du Que?bec; Munson, A.D., Timmer, V.R., Site-specific growth and nutrition of planted Picea mariana in the Ontario Clay Belt. I. Early performance (1989) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 19, pp. 162-170; (1989) SaS/STAT User's Guide, Version 6, 4th Edn., 1. , SAS Institute Inc., Gary, NC, 943 pp; Simard, H., Bouchard, A., The precolonial 19th century forest of the Upper St-Lawrence region of Que?bec: A record of its exploitation and transformation through notary deeds of wood sales (1996) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 26, pp. 1670-1676; Sims, R.A., Uhlig, P., The current status of forest site classification in Ontario (1992) Forestry Chronicle, 68, pp. 64-77; Smith, M.L., Community and edaphic analysis of upland northern hardwood communities, central Vermont, USA (1995) Forest Ecology and Management, 72, pp. 235-249; Keys to soil taxonomy (1992) SMSS Technical Monograph No. 19, 5th Edn., 19. , Pocahontas Press Inc., Blacksburg, VA, 541 pp; St-Jacques, C., Gagnon, D., La ve?ge?tation forestie?re du secteur nord-ouest de la valle?e du Saint-Laurent, Que?bec (1988) Canadian Journal of Botany, 66, pp. 793-804; Timbal, J., Dewilder, R., Sensibilite? au calcaire (1994) Le Che?ne Rouge d'Ame?rique, pp. 98-100. , Timbal, J., Kremer, A., Goff, N.L., Nepveu, G. (Eds.), Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, Paris; Truax, B., Gagnon, D., Chevrier, N., Nitrate reductase activity in relation to growth and soil N forms in red oak and red ash planted in three different environments: Forest, clear-cut and field (1994) Forest Ecology and Management, 64, pp. 71-82; Truax, B., Gagnon, D., Effects of straw and black plastic mulching on the initial growth and nutrition of butternut, white ash and bur oak (1993) Forest Ecology and Management, 57, pp. 17-27; Truog, E., Determination of the readily available phosphorus of soils (1930) Journal of the American Society of Agronomy, 22, pp. 874-882; Von Althen, F.W., Hardwood planting on abandoned farmland in southern Ontario: Revised guide (1990) Minister of Supply and Services Canada, , Catalogue No. Fo 42-1:50/1990E, 77 pp; Von Althen, F.W., Sowing and Planting Shagbark and Bitternut Hickories on Former Farmland in Southern Ontario (1990) Forestry Canada, , Ontario Region, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, RN-O-X-403, 11 pp. },
    ABSTRACT = { The growth and survival of ten hardwood tree species, planted in abandoned fields in southern Quebec, over a range of soil and geological conditions. were analyzed in order to identify optimal site conditions for species growth. From a total of 23 experimental blocks, in which a total of 5750 seedlings was planted, we described six different soil types based on a cluster analysis of 12 soil variables. Factorial analysis linked species growth, in height and diameter, to gradients of soil nutrient richness and soil moisture. A statistical indicator of the degree of specificity of species toward soil variables was obtained by Kaiser's measure of sampling adequacy (Kaiser, 1970. Little jiffy, mark IV. Educational and Psychological Measurement 34, 111-117). After four growing seasons, heights of red ash, red oak and bur oak are markedly different among soil types. Best red ash growth occurred on the most nutrient-rich and humid soils, as opposed to red oak whose best growth occurred at the nutrient-poor and dry endpoints of the edaphic gradients. Bur oak differs from red oak in having good growth over a wide range of soil moisture conditions. Sugar maple growth was best on well drained and relatively nutrient rich soils, but had high within site variability. Yellow birch, with a low overall survival, attained its best growth in the most nutrient poor, as well as above average soil moisture conditions. The optimal edaphic conditions are weakly defined in the case of butternut hickory and black walnut, the largest size of which was attained in below average and in better-than-average soil nutrient conditions respectively. Silver maple performed equally well on the majority of soil types, but achieved exceptional growth on the wettest soil type. White ash and butternut growth also suggest a wide ecological amplitude, the first having good growth and the second having slow growth on all soil types. A synthesis of the experimental results is presented as a decisional chart file silviculturalists. Soil texture, moisture and pH are ordered according to their potential for the optimal growth of species. Identified geological, geomorphologic and pedological site constraints on species growth must be considered in the species selection process, especially for species which attain their best growth in narrower segments of the edaphic gradients. },
    KEYWORDS = { Abandoned field Hardwood plantation Reforestation Silvicultural guide Tree selection abandoned farmland growth hardwood tree soil characteristics survival Canada, Quebec Acer Acer saccharinum Acer saccharum Betula alleghaniensis Betulaceae Carya Fagaceae Fraxinus Fraxinus americana Fraxinus pennsylvanica Juglans Juglans cinerea Juglans nigra Macrocarpa Oleaceae Quercus Quercus macrocarpa Quercus rubra Sapindaceae },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Symphonies_Boreales ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...