DavidsonGagnonMauffetteEtAl1998

Référence

Davidson, R., Gagnon, D., Mauffette, Y., Hernandez, H. (1998) Early survival, growth and foliar nutrients in native Ecuadorian trees planted on degraded volcanic soil. Forest Ecology and Management, 105(1-3):1-19.

Résumé

There is a growing interest for the use of native tree species for tropical plantations. However, their silvicultural requirements are generally unknown. Fifteen native tree species, seven early- and eight late-successional species, were planted on an abandoned pasture located on a degraded Hydrandept volcanic soil in Amazonian Ecuador. The objective was to study their survival, growth and foliar nutrient levels in relation to their successional status. The experiment consisted of a random block design with three replicates, each one subdivided in 15 plots with one species per plot. Half of the plots (split-plot) were fertilized with a slow-release fertilizer (16-10-10). Height and basal diameter were measured every 6 months, for 2.5 yr. Filer nutrients were estimated from samples taken once, at 2 yr, Soil analyses indicated that the soil was poorer and denser in the plantation compared to the adjacent forest, with a large within-site heterogeneity. Early-successional species had a significantly higher survival, growth and filer nutrient concentrations than the late-successional species. Fertilizer addition did not affect survival or growth. Among late-successional species, Caryodendron orinocense had by far the highest survival. Four early-successional species had a high survival and good growth, with low coefficients of variation in spite of soil heterogeneity: Erythrina poeppigiana, Pollalesia discolor, Heliocarpus americanus and Inga densiflora. The better growth performances of early-successional species could be related to the relatively early stage of plantation. Our results suggest that these species could be used advantageously to rapidly create a tree cover on a degraded soil. This study highlights the importance of investigating the appropriate land use of degraded volcanic soils in the humid tropics. It also underscores the high potential of some native tree species, and recommends that more studies be done on their silviculture, as well as on the selection of those best adapted to degraded volcanic soils.

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@ARTICLE { DavidsonGagnonMauffetteEtAl1998,
    AUTHOR = { Davidson, R. and Gagnon, D. and Mauffette, Y. and Hernandez, H. },
    TITLE = { Early survival, growth and foliar nutrients in native Ecuadorian trees planted on degraded volcanic soil },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 1998 },
    VOLUME = { 105 },
    PAGES = { 1-19 },
    NUMBER = { 1-3 },
    NOTE = { 03781127 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 8 Export Date: 25 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECMD doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(97)00295-8 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Davidson, R.; Research and Development Division; Biodome de Montreal; 4777 Pierre-De Coubertin Montreal, Que. H1V 1B3, Canada References: (1965) Nomenclature Ge?ne?rale des Bois Tropicaux, p. 283. , Nogent-sur-Marne, France; Baker, W.H., Thompson, T.L., Determination of total nitrogen in plant samples by Kjeldahl (1992) Plant Analysis Reference Procedures for the Southern Region of the United States, pp. 13-16. , Plank, C. Owen (Ed.). 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Springer-Verlag, New York. },
    ABSTRACT = { There is a growing interest for the use of native tree species for tropical plantations. However, their silvicultural requirements are generally unknown. Fifteen native tree species, seven early- and eight late-successional species, were planted on an abandoned pasture located on a degraded Hydrandept volcanic soil in Amazonian Ecuador. The objective was to study their survival, growth and foliar nutrient levels in relation to their successional status. The experiment consisted of a random block design with three replicates, each one subdivided in 15 plots with one species per plot. Half of the plots (split-plot) were fertilized with a slow-release fertilizer (16-10-10). Height and basal diameter were measured every 6 months, for 2.5 yr. Filer nutrients were estimated from samples taken once, at 2 yr, Soil analyses indicated that the soil was poorer and denser in the plantation compared to the adjacent forest, with a large within-site heterogeneity. Early-successional species had a significantly higher survival, growth and filer nutrient concentrations than the late-successional species. Fertilizer addition did not affect survival or growth. Among late-successional species, Caryodendron orinocense had by far the highest survival. Four early-successional species had a high survival and good growth, with low coefficients of variation in spite of soil heterogeneity: Erythrina poeppigiana, Pollalesia discolor, Heliocarpus americanus and Inga densiflora. The better growth performances of early-successional species could be related to the relatively early stage of plantation. Our results suggest that these species could be used advantageously to rapidly create a tree cover on a degraded soil. This study highlights the importance of investigating the appropriate land use of degraded volcanic soils in the humid tropics. It also underscores the high potential of some native tree species, and recommends that more studies be done on their silviculture, as well as on the selection of those best adapted to degraded volcanic soils. },
    KEYWORDS = { Fertilization Humic Andosol Hydrandept Land use Silviculture Tropical trees growth indigenous tree leaf nutrient nutrient status survival tree species volcanic soil Ecuador, Amazonian Erythrina poeppogiana Heliocarpus americanus Inga densiflora Pollalesia discolor },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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