PowerLeMayBerningerEtAl2012

Référence

Power, H., LeMay, V., Berninger, F., Sattler, D. and Kneeshaw, D.D. (2012) Differences in crown characteristics between black (Picea mariana) and white spruce (Picea glauca). Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 42(9):1733-1743. (Scopus )

Résumé

Black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.) and white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) are phylogenetically proximal species that differ in productivity. Crown characteristics of these two species have not been extensively studied, in spite of the importance of these two species to the Canadian boreal forest and the importance of tree crowns for understanding and modelling tree growth. In this paper, we characterize and compare the crown lengths, crown profiles (i.e., radii), shapes, and surface areas of these two species using 65 white spruce and 57 black spruce trees destructively sampled in the provinces of Alberta, Ontario, and Quebec, Canada. Crown length was measured on every sample tree, while crown profile was obtained by reconstructing crowns from branch measurements. Our results showed that crown lengths did not differ between these two species given the same tree size and growth conditions. However, these two species establish under different growth conditions resulting in crown length differences. Further, differences in crown radii and profiles were found even under the same growth conditions. White spruce trees had wider crown radii and profiles changed from a parabola to a cone shape under increased density. As a result, differences in crown surface areas were found.

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@ARTICLE { PowerLeMayBerningerEtAl2012,
    AUTHOR = { Power, H. and LeMay, V. and Berninger, F. and Sattler, D. and Kneeshaw, D.D. },
    TITLE = { Differences in crown characteristics between black (Picea mariana) and white spruce (Picea glauca) },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2012 },
    VOLUME = { 42 },
    PAGES = { 1733-1743 },
    NUMBER = { 9 },
    ABSTRACT = { Black spruce (Picea mariana (Mill.) Britton, Sterns & Poggenb.) and white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) are phylogenetically proximal species that differ in productivity. Crown characteristics of these two species have not been extensively studied, in spite of the importance of these two species to the Canadian boreal forest and the importance of tree crowns for understanding and modelling tree growth. In this paper, we characterize and compare the crown lengths, crown profiles (i.e., radii), shapes, and surface areas of these two species using 65 white spruce and 57 black spruce trees destructively sampled in the provinces of Alberta, Ontario, and Quebec, Canada. Crown length was measured on every sample tree, while crown profile was obtained by reconstructing crowns from branch measurements. Our results showed that crown lengths did not differ between these two species given the same tree size and growth conditions. However, these two species establish under different growth conditions resulting in crown length differences. Further, differences in crown radii and profiles were found even under the same growth conditions. White spruce trees had wider crown radii and profiles changed from a parabola to a cone shape under increased density. As a result, differences in crown surface areas were found. },
    COMMENT = { Export Date: 5 September 2012 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJFRA doi: 10.1139/X2012-106 },
    ISSN = { 00455067 (ISSN) },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2012.09.05 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84865293930&partnerID=40&md5=42604bc9b3c2e311266fd446165ce3da },
}

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