GreeneJohnson1998

Référence

Greene, D.F. and Johnson, E.A. (1998) Seed mass and early survivorship of tree species in upland clearings and shelterwoods. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 28(9):1307-1316.

Résumé

We examined recommended sowing densities of 25 North American tree species (26 observations to measure the relationship between juvenile survivorship and seed mass in large clearings and shelterwoods. Two models for expressing the relationship (simple power law or a cumulative negative exponential adjusted to account for rodent-repellent application and seedbed type) all showed that survivorship is highly dependent on seed mass. For a small seed, mineral soil and thin humus confer roughly equally high survivorship. Leaf litter is very poor, and undisturbed thick moss appears to be the worst possible organic seedbed on upland sites. An examination of 30 records of Picea glauca (Moench) Voss survivorship (3- to 6-year-old cohorts) on mineral soil revealed substantial intraspecific variation with only 50% of the values within twofold of the predicted value.

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@ARTICLE { GreeneJohnson1998,
    AUTHOR = { Greene, D.F. and Johnson, E.A. },
    TITLE = { Seed mass and early survivorship of tree species in upland clearings and shelterwoods },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 1998 },
    VOLUME = { 28 },
    PAGES = { 1307-1316 },
    NUMBER = { 9 },
    NOTE = { 00455067 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 19 Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJFRA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Greene, D.F.; Department of Geography and Biology; Concordia University Montreal, Que. H3G 1M8, Canada; email: greene@alcor.concordia.ca References: Ackerman, R.F., The effect of various seedbed treatments on the germination and survival of white spruce and lodgepole pine seedlings (1957) Can. Dep. North. Affairs Nat. Res. For. Branch For. Res. Div. Tech. Note No. 63; Ackerman, R.F., Regeneration following strip clear cutting, scarification, and slash disposal in a lodgepole pine stand (1962) Can. Dep. For. For. Res. Branch Tech. Note No. 123; Alexander, R.R., Edminster, C.B., Engelmann spruce seed dispersal in the central Rocky Mountains (1983) USDA For. Serv. Rocky Mt. For. Range Exp. Stn. Res. Note No. RM-424; Allen, P.H., Barrett, P.E., First year evaluation of black walnut seeding in southeastern New Hampshire (1965) Direct Seeding in the Northeast, , Proceedings, Experiment Station. College of Agriculture, University of Massachusetts, Amherst; Arnott, J.T., Germination and seedling establishment (1974) Direct Seeding Symposium, pp. 55-66. , 11-13 Sept. 1973, Timmins. Ont. Edited by J.H. Cayford. Can. For. Serv. Publ. No. 1339; Arnott, J.T., MacArthur, J.D., Demers, A., Seeding of five conifers on prepared seedspots in Quebec (1971) Pulp Pap. Mag. Can., 72, pp. 90-92; Barnett, J.P., Baker, J.B., Regeneration methods (1991) Forest Regeneration Manual, pp. 35-50. , Edited by M.L. Duryea and P.M. Dougherty. Kluwer Academic Publishers. Dordrecht, the Netherlands; Black, H.C., Fate of sown or naturally seeded coniferous seeds (1969) Proceedings of a Symposium on Wildlife and Reforestation in the Pacific Northwest, pp. 42-52. , School of Forestry. Oregon State University, Corvallis; Cayford, J.H., (1964) Some Factors Influencing Jack Pine Regeneration on a Lowland Cutover Site in Southeastern Manitoba, , Can. Dep. For. Publ. No. 1016; Chrosciewicz, Z., Jack pine regeneration following postcut burning and seeding in central Saskatchewan (1983) Can. For. Serv. North. For. Cent. Inf. Rep. No. NOR-X-252; Crossley, D.I., Survival of white spruce reproduction resulting from various methods of forest soil scarification (1955) Can. Dep. North. Affairs Nat. Res. For. Branch For. Res. Div. Tech. Note. No. 10; Fleming, R.L., Mossa, D.S., Direct seeding of black spruce in northwestern Ontario: Temporal changes in seedbed coverage and receptivity (1995) For. Chron., 71, pp. 219-227; Fleming, R.L., Mossa, D.S., Burns, T.R., Scarification trials for direct seeding on upland black spruce sites in Northwestern Ontario (1987) Can. For. Serv. Great Lakes For. Cent. Inf. Rep. No. O-X-385; Godman, R.M., Mattson, G.A., Direct Seeding Northern Hardwoods, , No date. North. Hardwood Notes No. 3.08. USDA Forest Service, North Central Forest Experiment Station, St. Paul, Minn. (Note: this undated series was bound in 1985 under the title Northern Hardwood Notes.); Greene, D.F., Johnson, E.A., A model of wind dispersal of winged or plumed seeds (1989) Ecology, 70, pp. 330-347; Greene, D.F., Johnson, E.A., Seed mass and dispersal capacity in wind-dispersed diaspores (1993) Oikos, 67, pp. 69-74; Greene, D.F., Johnson, E.A., Estimating the mean annual seed production of trees (1994) Ecology, 75, pp. 642-647; Greene, D.F., Johnson, E.A., A model for the dispersal of seeds by wind from a forest to a clearing (1996) Ecology, 77, pp. 595-609; Griffin, R.H., Carr, B.W., Aerial seeding of spruce in Maine (1974) Direct Seeding Symposium, pp. 131-138. , 11-13 Sept. 1973, Timmins, Ont. Edited by J.H. Cayford. Can. For. Serv. Publ. No. 1339; Grime, J.P., Jeffrey, D.W., Seedling establishment in vertical gradients of sunlight (1965) J. Ecol., 53, pp. 621-642; Groot, A., Adams, M.J., Direct seeding black spruce on peatlands: Fifth-year results (1994) For. Chron., 70, pp. 585-592; Harper, J.L., (1977) Population Biology of Plants, , Academic Press, London; Harris, A.S., Natural reforestation in a mile-square clearcut in Southeast Alaska (1967) USDA For. Serv. Pac. Northwest For. Range Exp. Stn. Res. Pap. No. PNW-52; Hughes, E.L., (1967) Studies in Stand and Seedbed Treatment to Obtain Spruce and Fir Reproduction on the Mixedwood Slope Type in Northwestern Ontario, , Can. Dep. For. Rural Dev. For. Branch Publ. No. 1189; Jarvis, J.M., (1966) Seeding White Spruce, Black Spruce, and Jack Pine in Burned Seedbeds in Manitoba., , Can. Dep. For. Rural Dev. For. Branch Publ. No. 1166; Johnson, R.L., Krinard, R.M., Regeneration of oaks by direct seeding (1985) Proceedings of the Third Symposium on Southeastern Hardwoods, pp. 56-65. , USDA Forest Service. Southern Region, New Orleans, La; Klawitter, R.A., Direct seeding hardwoods (1959) Direct Seeding in the South, pp. 154-158. , School of Forestry, Duke University, Durham, N.C; Lawrence, W.H., Rediske, J.H., Fate of sown Douglas-fir seed (1962) For. Sci., 8, pp. 210-218; Lees, J.C., (1970) Natural Regeneration of White Spruce under Spruce-aspen Shelterwood, B-18a Forest Section, Alberta, , Can. Dep. For. Rural Dev. For. Branch Publ. No. 1274; Leishman, M.R., Westoby, M., The role of large seed size in shaded conditions: Experimental evidence (1994) Funct. Ecol., 8, pp. 205-214; Marks, P.L., The role of pin cherry (Prunus pennsylvanica L.) in the maintenance of stability in northern hardwood ecosystems (1974) Ecol. Monogr., 44, pp. 78-89; McDonald, P., Seed fall and regeneration from a group selection cut (1966) USDA For. Serv. Pac. Southwest For. Range Exp. Stn. Res. Note No. PSW-113; Mitchell, W.K., Dunsworth, G., Simpson, D.G., Vyse, A., Planting and seeding (1990) Regenerating British Columbia's Forests, pp. 235-253. , Edited by D.P. Lavender, R. Parish, C.M. Johnson, G. Montgomery, A. Vyse, R.A. Willis, and D. Winston, University of British Columbia Press, Vancouver; Niklas, K.J., (1994) Plant Allometry, , University of Chicago Press, Chicago, Ill; Radvani, A., Seed losses to small mammals and birds (1974) Direct Seeding Symposium, pp. 67-75. , 11-13 Sept. 1973, Timmins, Ont. Edited by J.H. Cayford. Can. For. Serv. Publ. No. 1339; Richardson, J., Direct seeding the spruces (1974) Direct Seeding Symposium, pp. 157-166. , 11-13 Sept. 1973, Timmins, Ont. Edited by J.H. Cayford. Can. For. Serv. Publ. No. 1339; Salisbury, E.J., (1942) The Reproductive Capacity of Plants, , G. Bell \& Sons, London; Schopmeyer, C.S., (1974) Seeds of Woody Plants in the United States, , U.S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D.C; Seiwa, K., Kikuzawa, K., Phenology of tree seedlings in relation to seed size (1991) Can. J. Bot., 69, pp. 532-538; Shearer, R.C., Schmidt, W., Natural regeneration in ponderosa pine forests of western Montana (1970) USDA For. Serv. Intermount. For. Range Exp. Stn. Res. Pap. No. INT-86; Tappeiner, J.C., Zasada, J.C., Establishment of salmonberry, salal, vine maple, and bigleaf maple seedlings in the coastal forests of Oregon (1993) Can. J. For. Res., 23, pp. 1775-1780; Waldron, R.M., (1966) Factors Affecting Natural White Spruce Regeneration on Prepared Seedbeds at the Riding Mountain Experimental Area, Manitoba, , Can. Dep. For. Rural Dev. For. Branch Publ. No. 1169; Waldron, R.M., Direct seeding in Canada: 1900-1972 (1974) Direct Seeding Symposium, pp. 11-27. , 11-13 Sept. 1973, Timmins, Ont.. Edited by J.H. Cayford. Can. For. Serv. Publ. No. 1339; Walker, L.R., Zasada, J.C., Chapin III, F.C., The role of life history processes in primary succession on an Alaskan floodplain (1986) Ecology, 67, pp. 1243-1253; Youngblood, A.P., Zasada, J.C., White spruce artificial regeneration options on river floodplains in interior Alaska (1990) Can. J. For. Res., 21, pp. 423-433; Zasada, J.C., Natural regeneration in interior Alaska forests - Seed, seedbed, and vegetative reproduction considerations (1971) Fire in the Northern Environment, a Symposium, , 13-14 Apr. 1971, Fairbanks, Alaska. Edited by C.W. Slaughter, R.J. Barney, and G.M. Hansen. USDA Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, Portland, Oreg; Zasada, J., Norma, R.A., Vanveldhuizen, R.M., Teutsch, C.E., Artificial regeneration of trees and tail shrubs in experimentally burned upland black spruce/feathermoss stands in Alaska (1983) Can. J. For. Res., 13, pp. 903-913; Zasada, J.C., Sharik, T.L., Nygren, M., The reproductive process in boreal forest trees (1992) A System Analysis of the Global Boreal Forest, pp. 85-125. , Edited by H.H. Shugart, R. Leemans, and G. Bonan. Cambridge University Press. Cambridge, England. },
    ABSTRACT = { We examined recommended sowing densities of 25 North American tree species (26 observations to measure the relationship between juvenile survivorship and seed mass in large clearings and shelterwoods. Two models for expressing the relationship (simple power law or a cumulative negative exponential adjusted to account for rodent-repellent application and seedbed type) all showed that survivorship is highly dependent on seed mass. For a small seed, mineral soil and thin humus confer roughly equally high survivorship. Leaf litter is very poor, and undisturbed thick moss appears to be the worst possible organic seedbed on upland sites. An examination of 30 records of Picea glauca (Moench) Voss survivorship (3- to 6-year-old cohorts) on mineral soil revealed substantial intraspecific variation with only 50% of the values within twofold of the predicted value. },
    KEYWORDS = { seed size substrate survivorship tree upland region North America Picea glauca },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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