GreeneJohnson1999

Référence

Greene, D.F. and Johnson, E.A. (1999) Modelling recruitment of Populus tremuloides, Pinus banksiana, and Picea mariana following fire in the mixedwood boreal forest. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 29(4):462-473.

Résumé

We examined the relationship between the post-fire regeneration density of Populus tremuloides Michx., Pinus banksiana Lamb., and Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP and their pre-fire basal area density at the spatial scale of 70 m (the width of the stands studied) in four fires in central Saskatchewan and one in Quebec. For these three species with mechanisms for in situ reproduction, there were highly significant relationships between regeneration density and pre-fire basal area density (basal area per area). Given equal source basal area densities, Populus tremuloides has an advantage, relative to the other two species, in initial regeneration densities, but the advantage is not great because the asexual stems thin rapidly. The overriding conclusion is that, for these three species, there is little change in species composition following fire. Simple predictive equations performed reasonably well for Pinus banksiana and Picea mariana: F(D) = 806B(D)/0.95 and F(D) = 593B(D)0.86, where F(D) is regenerative stem density (no./m2), and B(D) is basal area density (m2/m2). For asexual reproduction by Populus tremuloides, the thinning begins immediately following fire, and the regeneration model was F(D) = 11 600 B(D)/0.79(t + 1)-1.64 , where t is years since fire.

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@ARTICLE { GreeneJohnson1999,
    AUTHOR = { Greene, D.F. and Johnson, E.A. },
    TITLE = { Modelling recruitment of Populus tremuloides, Pinus banksiana, and Picea mariana following fire in the mixedwood boreal forest },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 1999 },
    VOLUME = { 29 },
    PAGES = { 462-473 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 00455067 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 29 Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJFRA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Greene, D.F.; Department of Geography; Concordia University; 1455 de Maisonneuve Blvd. Montreal, Que. H3G 1M8, Canada; email: greene@alcor.concordia.ca References: Archibold, O.W., Buried viable propagules as a factor in postfire regeneration in northern Saskatchewan (1979) Can. J. Bot., 57, pp. 54-58; Archibold, O.W., Seed input into a postfire forest site in northern Saskatchewan (1980) Can. J. For. Res., 10, pp. 129-134; Beaufait, W.R., Some effects of high temperatures on the cones and seeds of jack pine (1960) For. Sci., 6, pp. 194-199; Bella, I.E., Logging practices and subsequent development of aspen stands in east-central Saskatchewan (1986) For. Chron., 62, pp. 81-83; Black, R.A., Bliss, L.C., Reproductive ecology of Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP, at the treeline near Inuvik, Northwest Territories, Canada (1980) Ecol. Monogr., 50, pp. 331-354; Bruce, N.G., Walker, N.R., (1965) Studies of the Morphology of Jack Pine Cone Opening and the Phenology of Seed Dispersal and Germination, , Canada Department of Forestry, Forest Research Branch, Ottawa, Ont., unpublished MS No. 65-MS-14; Buell, M.F., Buell, H.F., Aspen invasion of prairie (1959) Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 86, pp. 264-265; Cayford, J.H., Some factors influencing jack pine regeneration after fire in southeastern Manitoba (1960) Can. Dep. For. Publ. No. 1016, 1016; Cayford, J.H., Chrosciewicz, Z., Sims, H.P., A review of silvicultural research in jack pine (1967) Can. Dep. For. For. Branch Publ. No. 1173, 1173; Charron, I., (1998) Sexual Recruitment of Trees Following Fire in the Southern Mixedwood Boreal Forest of Canada, , M.Sc. thesis, Department of Biology, Concordia University, Montre?al, Que; Desrochers, A., Gagnon, R., Is ring count at ground level a good estimation of black spruce age? (1997) Can. J. For. Res., 27, pp. 1263-1267; Downs, A.A., McQuilkin, W.E., Seed production in southern Appalachian oaks (1944) J. For., 42, pp. 913-920; Fleming, R.L., Mossa, D.S., Establishment and growth of seeded upland black spruce: 7-12 year response (1995) NODA/NFP Tech. Rep. No. TR-8, , Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ont; Gagnon, R., Maintien apre?s feu de limites abruptes entre des peuplements d'e?pinettes noires (Picea mariana) et des formations de feuillus intole?rants (Populus tremuloides et Betula papyrifera) dans la re?gion du Saguenay - Lac Saint-Jean (Que?bec) (1989) Nat. Can., 116, pp. 117-124; Graham, S.A., Harrison, R.P., Westell, C.E., (1963) Aspens, , University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, Mich; Greene, D.F., Johnson, E.A., Estimating the mean annual seed production of trees (1994) Ecology, 75, pp. 642-647; Greene, D.F., Johnson, E.A., Wind dispersal of seeds from a forest into a clearing (1996) Ecology, 77, pp. 595-609; Greene, D.F., Johnson, E.A., Seed mass and early survivorship of tree species in upland clearings and shelterwoods (1998) Can. J. For. Res., 28, pp. 1307-1316; Greene, D.F., Zasada, J.C., Sirois, L., Kneeshaw, D., Morin, H., Charron, I., Simard, M.-J., A review of regeneration dynamics of boreal forest tree species (1999) Can. J. For. Res., 29. , In press; Groot, A., Direct seeding black spruce on peatlands: Tenth-year results (1996) NODA/NFP Tech. Rep. No. TR-27, , Canadian Forest Service, Great Lakes Forestry Centre, Sault Ste. Marie, Ont; Haavisto, V.F., Fleming, R.L., Skeates, D.A., Potential and actual yields of seed from black spruce cones (1988) For. Chron., 64, pp. 32-34; Hearnden, K.W., Millson, S.W., Wilson, W.C., (1992) A Report on the Status of Forest Regeneration, , Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources, Sault Ste. Marie; Heinselman, M., Fire and succession in the conifer forests of northern North America (1981) Forest Succession, Concepts and Applications, pp. 374-405. , Edited by D.C. West, H.H. Shugart, and D.B. Botlein. Springer-Verlag, New York; Jarvis, J.M., Silviculture and management of natural poplar stands (1968) Growth and Utilization of Poplars in Canada, pp. 70-87. , Edited by J.S. Maini and J.H. Crawford. Can. For. Branch Publ. No. 1205; Johnson, E.A., (1993) Fire and Vegetation Dynamics, , Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K; Johnson, E.A., Fryer, G.I., Why Engelmann spruce does not have a persistent seed bank (1996) Can. J. For. Res., 26, pp. 872-878; Johnson, E.A., Gutsell, S.L., Fire frequency, models, methods and interpretations (1994) Adv. Ecol. Res. No. 25, 25, pp. 239-287; LeBarron, R.K., Silvicultural management of black spruce in Minnesota (1948) U.S. Dep. Agric. Circ. No. 791, 791; Levertu, D., Mauffette, Y., Bergeron, Y., Effects of stand age and litter removal on the regeneration of Populus tremuloides (1994) J. Veg. Sci., 5, pp. 561-568; Maini, J.S., Silvics and ecology of Populus in Canada (1968) Growth and Utilization of Poplars in Canada, pp. 20-69. , Edited by J.S. Maini and J.H. Cayford. Can. For. Branch Publ. No. 1205; Maini, J.S., Horton, K.W., Vegetative propagation of Populus species. I. Influence of temperature and formation on initial growth of aspen suckers (1966) Can. J. Bot., 44, pp. 1183-1189; Roe, E.I., Seed stored in cones of some jack pine stands in northern Minnesota (1963) USDA For. Serv. Lake States For. Exp. Stn. Res. Pap. LS-1; Schier, G.A., Zasada, J.C., Role of carbohydrate reserves in the development of root suckers in Populus tremuloides (1973) Can. J. For. Res., 3, pp. 243-250; Schier, G.A., Jones, J.R., Winokur, R.P., Vegetative reproduction (1985) Aspen Ecology and Management in the Western United States, , Edited by N.V. DeByle and R.P. Winokur. USDA For. Serv. Rocky Mount. For. Range Exp. Stn. Rep. No. RM-119; Skeates, D.A., Haavisto, V.F., Black spruce cones and seed production: Yields from Ontario collections (1987) Ont. Min. Nat. Resour. For. Res. Rep. No. 119, 119; St. Pierre, H., Gagnon, R., Bellefleur, P., Re?ge?ne?ration apre?s feu de l'e?pinette noire (Picea mariana) et du pin gris (Pinus banksiana) de la fore?t bore?ale, Que?bec (1992) Can. J. For. Res., 22, pp. 474-481; Black spruce maintains a year-round seed supply (1939) USDA For. Serv. Lake States For. Exp. Stn. Tech. Note 146; Weir, J.M.H., (1996) The Fire Frequency and Age Mosaic of a Mixed-wood Boreal Forest, , M.Sc. thesis, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta; Weir, J.M.H., Johnson, E.A., Effects of escaped settlement fires and logging on forest composition in the mixedwood boreal forest (1998) Can. J. For. Res., 28, pp. 459-467; Wildlands League. No date. Fact sheet No. 1. Wildlands League, Toronto, Ont; Zasada, J.C., Quantity and quality of dispersed seed (1979) Ecological Effects of the Wickersham Dome Fire Near Fairbanks, Alaska, pp. 45-50. , Technical editors: L.A. Viereck and C.T. Dyrness. USDA For. Serv. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-90; Zasada, J.C., Sharik, T.L., Nygren, M., The reproductive process in boreal forest trees (1991) A Systems Analysis of the Global Boreal Forest, pp. 85-126. , Edited by H.H. Shugart, R. Leemans, and G.B. Bonan. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. },
    ABSTRACT = { We examined the relationship between the post-fire regeneration density of Populus tremuloides Michx., Pinus banksiana Lamb., and Picea mariana (Mill.) BSP and their pre-fire basal area density at the spatial scale of 70 m (the width of the stands studied) in four fires in central Saskatchewan and one in Quebec. For these three species with mechanisms for in situ reproduction, there were highly significant relationships between regeneration density and pre-fire basal area density (basal area per area). Given equal source basal area densities, Populus tremuloides has an advantage, relative to the other two species, in initial regeneration densities, but the advantage is not great because the asexual stems thin rapidly. The overriding conclusion is that, for these three species, there is little change in species composition following fire. Simple predictive equations performed reasonably well for Pinus banksiana and Picea mariana: F(D) = 806B(D)/0.95 and F(D) = 593B(D)0.86, where F(D) is regenerative stem density (no./m2), and B(D) is basal area density (m2/m2). For asexual reproduction by Populus tremuloides, the thinning begins immediately following fire, and the regeneration model was F(D) = 11 600 B(D)/0.79(t + 1)-1.64 , where t is years since fire. },
    KEYWORDS = { fire forest ecosystem mixed forest modeling recruitment Canada Picea mariana Pinus banksiana Populus tremuloides },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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