Lemire2020

Référence

Lemire, C. (2020) Contribution relative des arbres à la croissance d'érablières en fonction de leur structure et de traitements sylvicoles. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université Laval. (URL )

Résumé

The success of applying a partial cut in northern hardwood stands is based on the contribution of harvested and residual trees to overall stand growth, which can be captured by a stand-level criterion called the growth dominance coefficient (GDC). The main objective of this study was to test the relevance of using the GDC to evaluate the success of partial cuts applied to even-aged and uneven-aged sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.)-yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis Britt.) stands. To do this, we first determined whether GDC calculated with two indicators of resource acquisition, stem mass and tree leaf area, produce similar results after partial cutting according to stand structure. Second, using mixed linear models, we determined the effect of selection cuts on GDC in uneven-aged stands over the short and medium term, and we quantified the effects of tree vigour and size before cutting on diameter growth response of trees after cutting. Results indicate that GDC calculated based on stem mass were similar to GDC calculated based on tree leaf area in even-aged stands (p = 0.7200) but were significantly lower in uneven-aged stands (p < 0.001), likely because of a limited ability for crown expansion in large trees. Furthermore, selection cutting in uneven-aged stands did not significantly change GDC in the short (p = 0.7721) and medium (p = 0.8363) term. However, several trees that grew rapidly before cutting responded negatively to partial cutting while many trees that grew slowly before cutting responded positively. Overall, assessing the success of a partial cut seems difficult using a stand-level criterion such as the GDC. Such an assessment, as well as a better understanding of the effects of a partial cut, could, however, be obtained by a more detailed growth analysis performed at the tree or diameter class level.

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@MASTERSTHESIS { Lemire2020,
    TITLE = { Contribution relative des arbres à la croissance d'érablières en fonction de leur structure et de traitements sylvicoles },
    AUTHOR = { Lemire, C. },
    SCHOOL = { Université Laval },
    YEAR = { 2020 },
    NOTE = { CEFTMS, Pothier, D. },
    ABSTRACT = { The success of applying a partial cut in northern hardwood stands is based on the contribution of harvested and residual trees to overall stand growth, which can be captured by a stand-level criterion called the growth dominance coefficient (GDC). The main objective of this study was to test the relevance of using the GDC to evaluate the success of partial cuts applied to even-aged and uneven-aged sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.)-yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis Britt.) stands. To do this, we first determined whether GDC calculated with two indicators of resource acquisition, stem mass and tree leaf area, produce similar results after partial cutting according to stand structure. Second, using mixed linear models, we determined the effect of selection cuts on GDC in uneven-aged stands over the short and medium term, and we quantified the effects of tree vigour and size before cutting on diameter growth response of trees after cutting. Results indicate that GDC calculated based on stem mass were similar to GDC calculated based on tree leaf area in even-aged stands (p = 0.7200) but were significantly lower in uneven-aged stands (p < 0.001), likely because of a limited ability for crown expansion in large trees. Furthermore, selection cutting in uneven-aged stands did not significantly change GDC in the short (p = 0.7721) and medium (p = 0.8363) term. However, several trees that grew rapidly before cutting responded negatively to partial cutting while many trees that grew slowly before cutting responded positively. Overall, assessing the success of a partial cut seems difficult using a stand-level criterion such as the GDC. Such an assessment, as well as a better understanding of the effects of a partial cut, could, however, be obtained by a more detailed growth analysis performed at the tree or diameter class level. },
    URL = { https://corpus.ulaval.ca/jspui/handle/20.500.11794/38204 },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2020-09-09 },
}

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