PrevostPothier2003

Référence

Prevost, M., Pothier, D. (2003) Partial cuts in a trembling aspen-conifer stand: effects on microenvironmental conditions and regeneration dynamics. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 33(1):1-15.

Résumé

We present the 5-year combined effects of different cutting intensities (removal of 0, 35, 50, 65, and 100% of basal area) and scarification on available light, soil temperature, and regeneration dynamics in a mixed aspen- conifer stand in Quebec, Canada. Compared with the control, the 35% cut did not change transmitted light to the under story (<20% of full light), while the 50, 65, and 100% cuttings transmitted 30, 48, and 90% of full light, respectively, during the first summer. Trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) suckering increased with percent basal area removal (p < 0.001). After 5 years, the 35 and 50% cuttings limited growth and survival of suckers (<1000 stems/ha, of which 5% are >1 m high), but the 65 and 100% cuttings favoured their development (8000 and 11 000 stems/ha, respectively, of which 29 and 38%, respectively, are >2 m high). Balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) responded well to canopy opening alone with a maximal recruitment (31 000 seedlings/ha) in the 50% cut. Spruces (white spruce, Picea glauca (Moench) Voss, and red spruce, Picea rubens Sarg.) establish following scarification only, with a better response in the 65% cut (32 000 seedlings/ha) than in the 50 (15 000), 35 (10 000), and 0% (8000) cuttings.

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@ARTICLE { PrevostPothier2003,
    AUTHOR = { Prevost, M. and Pothier, D. },
    TITLE = { Partial cuts in a trembling aspen-conifer stand: effects on microenvironmental conditions and regeneration dynamics },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2003 },
    VOLUME = { 33 },
    PAGES = { 1-15 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { Times Cited: 12 },
    ABSTRACT = { We present the 5-year combined effects of different cutting intensities (removal of 0, 35, 50, 65, and 100% of basal area) and scarification on available light, soil temperature, and regeneration dynamics in a mixed aspen- conifer stand in Quebec, Canada. Compared with the control, the 35% cut did not change transmitted light to the under story (<20% of full light), while the 50, 65, and 100% cuttings transmitted 30, 48, and 90% of full light, respectively, during the first summer. Trembling aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) suckering increased with percent basal area removal (p < 0.001). After 5 years, the 35 and 50% cuttings limited growth and survival of suckers (<1000 stems/ha, of which 5% are >1 m high), but the 65 and 100% cuttings favoured their development (8000 and 11 000 stems/ha, respectively, of which 29 and 38%, respectively, are >2 m high). Balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) responded well to canopy opening alone with a maximal recruitment (31 000 seedlings/ha) in the 50% cut. Spruces (white spruce, Picea glauca (Moench) Voss, and red spruce, Picea rubens Sarg.) establish following scarification only, with a better response in the 65% cut (32 000 seedlings/ha) than in the 50 (15 000), 35 (10 000), and 0% (8000) cuttings. },
    KEYWORDS = { AQUILINUM L KUHN; LIGHT TRANSMISSION; SHADE TOLERANCE; TREE SEEDLINGS; GROWTH; UNDERSTORY; ECOSYSTEMS; OVERSTORY; PATTERNS },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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