AiGravelChuEtAl2013

Référence

Ai, D., Gravel, D., Chu, C. and Wang, G. (2013) Spatial Structures of the Environment and of Dispersal Impact Species Distribution in Competitive Metacommunities. PLoS ONE, 8(7). (Scopus )

Résumé

The correspondence between species distribution and the environment depends on species' ability to track favorable environmental conditions (via dispersal) and to maintain competitive hierarchy against the constant influx of migrants (mass effect) and demographic stochasticity (ecological drift). Here we report a simulation study of the influence of landscape structure on species distribution. We consider lottery competition for space in a spatially heterogeneous environment, where the landscape is represented as a network of localities connected by dispersal. We quantified the contribution of neutrality and species sorting to their spatial distribution. We found that neutrality increases and the strength of species-sorting decreases with the centrality of a community in the landscape when the average dispersal among communities is low, whereas the opposite was found at elevated dispersal. We also found that the strength of species-sorting increases with environmental heterogeneity. Our results illustrate that spatial structure of the environment and of dispersal must be taken into account for understanding species distribution. We stress the importance of spatial geographic structure on the relative importance of niche vs. neutral processes in controlling community dynamics. © 2013 Ai et al.

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@ARTICLE { AiGravelChuEtAl2013,
    AUTHOR = { Ai, D. and Gravel, D. and Chu, C. and Wang, G. },
    TITLE = { Spatial Structures of the Environment and of Dispersal Impact Species Distribution in Competitive Metacommunities },
    JOURNAL = { PLoS ONE },
    YEAR = { 2013 },
    VOLUME = { 8 },
    NUMBER = { 7 },
    NOTE = { cited By 4 },
    ABSTRACT = { The correspondence between species distribution and the environment depends on species' ability to track favorable environmental conditions (via dispersal) and to maintain competitive hierarchy against the constant influx of migrants (mass effect) and demographic stochasticity (ecological drift). Here we report a simulation study of the influence of landscape structure on species distribution. We consider lottery competition for space in a spatially heterogeneous environment, where the landscape is represented as a network of localities connected by dispersal. We quantified the contribution of neutrality and species sorting to their spatial distribution. We found that neutrality increases and the strength of species-sorting decreases with the centrality of a community in the landscape when the average dispersal among communities is low, whereas the opposite was found at elevated dispersal. We also found that the strength of species-sorting increases with environmental heterogeneity. Our results illustrate that spatial structure of the environment and of dispersal must be taken into account for understanding species distribution. We stress the importance of spatial geographic structure on the relative importance of niche vs. neutral processes in controlling community dynamics. © 2013 Ai et al. },
    ART_NUMBER = { e68927 },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1371/journal.pone.0068927 },
    KEYWORDS = { article; biogeography; environmental factor; genetic heterogeneity; immigration; landscape; landscape ecology; mathematical analysis; molecular evolution; population dispersal; population dynamics; population structure; probability; simulation; species distribution; species richness; stochastic model, Animal Distribution; Animals; Computer Simulation; Demography; Ecosystem; Geography; Models, Theoretical; Population Dynamics; Species Specificity },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84880404922&partnerID=40&md5=3cadda13282a834e8630f64d8b12b835 },
}

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