GounandMouquetCanardEtAl2014

Référence

Gounand, I., Mouquet, N., Canard, E., Guichard, F., Hauzy, C. and Gravel, D. (2014) The paradox of enrichment in metaecosystems. American Naturalist, 184(6):752-763. (Scopus )

Résumé

The paradox of enrichment has been studied almost exclusively within communities or metacommunities, without explicit nutrient dynamics. Yet local recycling of materials from enriched ecosystems may affect the stability of connected ecosystems. Here we study the effect of nutrient, detritus, producer, and consumer spatial flows—combined with changes in regional enrichment—on the stability of a metaecosystem model. We considered both spatially homogeneous and heterogeneous enrichment. We found that nutrient and detritus spatial flows are destabilizing, whereas producer or consumer spatial flows are either neutral or stabilizing. We noticed that detritus spatial flows have only a weak impact on stability. Our study reveals that heterogeneity no longer stabilizes well-connected systems when accounting for explicit representation of nutrient dynamics. We also found that intermediate consumer diffusion could lead to multiple equilibria in strongly enriched metaecosystems. Stability can emerge from a top-down control allowing the storage of materials into inorganic form, a mechanism never documented before. In conclusion, local enrichment can be stabilized if spatial flows are strong enough to efficiently redistribute the local excess of enrichment to unfertile ecosystems. However, high regional enrichment can be dampened only by intermediate consumer diffusion rates. © 2014 by The University of Chicago.

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@ARTICLE { GounandMouquetCanardEtAl2014,
    AUTHOR = { Gounand, I. and Mouquet, N. and Canard, E. and Guichard, F. and Hauzy, C. and Gravel, D. },
    TITLE = { The paradox of enrichment in metaecosystems },
    JOURNAL = { American Naturalist },
    YEAR = { 2014 },
    VOLUME = { 184 },
    PAGES = { 752-763 },
    NUMBER = { 6 },
    NOTE = { cited By 2 },
    ABSTRACT = { The paradox of enrichment has been studied almost exclusively within communities or metacommunities, without explicit nutrient dynamics. Yet local recycling of materials from enriched ecosystems may affect the stability of connected ecosystems. Here we study the effect of nutrient, detritus, producer, and consumer spatial flows—combined with changes in regional enrichment—on the stability of a metaecosystem model. We considered both spatially homogeneous and heterogeneous enrichment. We found that nutrient and detritus spatial flows are destabilizing, whereas producer or consumer spatial flows are either neutral or stabilizing. We noticed that detritus spatial flows have only a weak impact on stability. Our study reveals that heterogeneity no longer stabilizes well-connected systems when accounting for explicit representation of nutrient dynamics. We also found that intermediate consumer diffusion could lead to multiple equilibria in strongly enriched metaecosystems. Stability can emerge from a top-down control allowing the storage of materials into inorganic form, a mechanism never documented before. In conclusion, local enrichment can be stabilized if spatial flows are strong enough to efficiently redistribute the local excess of enrichment to unfertile ecosystems. However, high regional enrichment can be dampened only by intermediate consumer diffusion rates. © 2014 by The University of Chicago. },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Alternative stable states; Dispersal; Fertility; Source-sink dynamics; Spatial heterogeneity; Stability },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1086/678406 },
    KEYWORDS = { detritus; ecosystem; nutrient enrichment; producer-scrounger interaction; spatial analysis, aquatic species; ecosystem; food chain; population dynamics; theoretical model, Aquatic Organisms; Ecosystem; Food Chain; Models, Theoretical; Population Dynamics },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84914154932&partnerID=40&md5=0fa4d3aef89df532b8243898500196f5 },
}

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