BlondelThomasCharmantierEtAl2006

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Blondel, J., Thomas, D.W., Charmantier, A., Perret, P., Bourgault, P. and Lambrechts, M.M. (2006) A thirty-year study of phenotypic and genetic variation of blue tits in Mediterranean habitat mosaics. BioScience, 56(8):661-673.

Résumé

In recent years, the study of phenotypic and genetic variation has been enhanced by combining genetic, physiological, demographic, and behavioral components of life histories. Using these new approaches, we address the problem of adaptation to environmental heterogeneity by examining in detail the variation of several fitness-related traits in a small passerine bird, the blue tit, which has been extensively studied in habitat mosaics of the Mediterranean region. The response of blue tits to spatial habitat heterogeneity depends on their range of dispersal relative to the size of habitat pate lies. Dispersal over short distances leads to local specialization, whereas dispersal over long distances leads to phenotypic plasticity. Gene flow between habitats of different quality may produce local maladaptation and a source-sink population structure. However, when habitat-specific divergent selection regimes are strong enough to oppose the effects of gene flow, local adaptation may arise on a scale that is much smaller than the scale of dispersal. © 2006 American Institute of Biological Sciences.

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@ARTICLE { BlondelThomasCharmantierEtAl2006,
    AUTHOR = { Blondel, J. and Thomas, D.W. and Charmantier, A. and Perret, P. and Bourgault, P. and Lambrechts, M.M. },
    TITLE = { A thirty-year study of phenotypic and genetic variation of blue tits in Mediterranean habitat mosaics },
    JOURNAL = { BioScience },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 56 },
    PAGES = { 661-673 },
    NUMBER = { 8 },
    NOTE = { 00063568 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: BISNA doi: 10.1641/0006-3568(2006)56[661:ATSOPA]2.0.CO;2 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Blondel, J.; Centre d'Ecologie Fonctionnelle et Evolutive; Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique; 1919 Route de Mende F-34293 Montpellier Cedex 5, France; email: jacques.blondel@cefe.cnrs.fr References: Ban?bura, J., Blondel, J., De Wilde-Lambrechts, H., Galan, M.-J., Maistre, M., Nestling diet variation in an insular Mediterranean population of blue tits Parus caeruleus: Effects of years, territories and individuals (1994) Oecologia, 100, pp. 413-420; Bell, G., Lechowicz, M.J., Appenzeller, A., Chandler, M., Deblois, E., Jackson, L., Mackenzie, B., Tinker, N., The spatial structure of the physical environment (1993) Oecologia, 96, pp. 114-121; Blondel, J., Isenmann, P., Insularite? et de?mographie des me?sanges du genre parus (aves) (1979) Comptes Rendus de L'Acade?mie des Sciences, Paris, D, 289, pp. 161-164; Blondel, J., Chessel, D., Frochot, B., Bird species impoverishment, niche expansion, and density inflation in Mediterranean island habitats (1988) Ecology, 69, pp. 1899-1917; Blondel, J., Dias, P.C., Maistre, M., Perret, P., Habitat heterogeneity and life-history variation of Mediterranean Blue Tits (Parus caeruleus) (1993) The Auk, 110, pp. 511-520; Blondel, J., Dias, P.C., Perret, P., Maistre, M., Lambrechts, M.M., Selection-based biodiversity at a small spatial scale in a low-dispersing insular bird (1999) Science, 285, pp. 1399-1402; Blondel, J., Perret, P., Dias, P.C., Lambrechts, M.M., Is phenotypic variation of blue tits (Parus caeruleus L.) in Mediterranean mainland and insular landscapes adaptive? 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    ABSTRACT = { In recent years, the study of phenotypic and genetic variation has been enhanced by combining genetic, physiological, demographic, and behavioral components of life histories. Using these new approaches, we address the problem of adaptation to environmental heterogeneity by examining in detail the variation of several fitness-related traits in a small passerine bird, the blue tit, which has been extensively studied in habitat mosaics of the Mediterranean region. The response of blue tits to spatial habitat heterogeneity depends on their range of dispersal relative to the size of habitat pate lies. Dispersal over short distances leads to local specialization, whereas dispersal over long distances leads to phenotypic plasticity. Gene flow between habitats of different quality may produce local maladaptation and a source-sink population structure. However, when habitat-specific divergent selection regimes are strong enough to oppose the effects of gene flow, local adaptation may arise on a scale that is much smaller than the scale of dispersal. © 2006 American Institute of Biological Sciences. },
    KEYWORDS = { Gene flow Local specialization Phenotypic variation Plasticity Reaction norm },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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