CaroLambrechtsChastelEtAl2006

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Caro, S.P., Lambrechts, M.M., Chastel, O., Sharp, P.J., Thomas, D.W. and Balthazart, J. (2006) Simultaneous pituitary-gonadal recrudescence in two Corsican populations of male blue tits with asynchronous breeding dates. Hormones and Behavior, 50(3):347-360.

Résumé

Animal populations living in geographically variable environments respond to different selection pressures. The adaptive character of the responses to environmental information determines the degree of synchrony of the breeding period with local optimal conditions. An example is provided by two populations of Mediterranean blue tits (Parus caeruleus) in Corsica, breeding in different habitats, with a 1-month difference in the onset of egg laying. This difference in the onset of lay is supposed to be adaptive because, although chicks from both populations are raised mostly on caterpillars, the timing of the appearance of caterpillars is earlier for populations of tits associated with deciduous oak trees than those associated with evergreen oak trees. Here, we show that, despite the difference in the timing of egg laying, males from these two populations start seasonal hypothalamo-hypophysial-testicular development at approximately the same time, in late winter. Specifically, the vernal recrudescence of brain GnRH-I perikarya and fibers, testes volume and song activity began around the same dates and proceeded at the same pace in late winter in both populations. Plasma testosterone and LH levels displayed seasonal variations that were shifted by less than 2 weeks compared to the 1-month difference in egg laying periods. We hypothesize that the strong selection pressures on these two populations to adapt the timing of their breeding seasons to their local environment may have acted mostly on the female egg laying dates, and not so much on the initiation and rate of seasonal recrudescence of the hypothalamo-hypophysial-testicular activity in males. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { CaroLambrechtsChastelEtAl2006,
    AUTHOR = { Caro, S.P. and Lambrechts, M.M. and Chastel, O. and Sharp, P.J. and Thomas, D.W. and Balthazart, J. },
    TITLE = { Simultaneous pituitary-gonadal recrudescence in two Corsican populations of male blue tits with asynchronous breeding dates },
    JOURNAL = { Hormones and Behavior },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 50 },
    PAGES = { 347-360 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { 0018506X (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 2 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: HOBEA doi: 10.1016/j.yhbeh.2006.03.001 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Balthazart, J.; Center for Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology; Research Group in Behavioral Neuroendocrinology; Univ. of Lie?ge; 1 Avenue de l'Ho?pital B-4000 Lie?ge-1 (Sart Tilman), Belgium; email: jbalthazart@ulg.ac.be References: Abercrombie, M., Estimation of nuclear population from microtome sections (1946) Anat. Rec., 94, pp. 239-247; Absil, P., Pinxten, R., Balthazart, J., Eens, M., Effect of age and testosterone on autumnal neurogenesis in male European starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) (2003) Behav. Brain Res., 143, pp. 15-30; Ball, G.F., The neural integration of environmental information by seasonally breeding birds (1993) Am. 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    ABSTRACT = { Animal populations living in geographically variable environments respond to different selection pressures. The adaptive character of the responses to environmental information determines the degree of synchrony of the breeding period with local optimal conditions. An example is provided by two populations of Mediterranean blue tits (Parus caeruleus) in Corsica, breeding in different habitats, with a 1-month difference in the onset of egg laying. This difference in the onset of lay is supposed to be adaptive because, although chicks from both populations are raised mostly on caterpillars, the timing of the appearance of caterpillars is earlier for populations of tits associated with deciduous oak trees than those associated with evergreen oak trees. Here, we show that, despite the difference in the timing of egg laying, males from these two populations start seasonal hypothalamo-hypophysial-testicular development at approximately the same time, in late winter. Specifically, the vernal recrudescence of brain GnRH-I perikarya and fibers, testes volume and song activity began around the same dates and proceeded at the same pace in late winter in both populations. Plasma testosterone and LH levels displayed seasonal variations that were shifted by less than 2 weeks compared to the 1-month difference in egg laying periods. We hypothesize that the strong selection pressures on these two populations to adapt the timing of their breeding seasons to their local environment may have acted mostly on the female egg laying dates, and not so much on the initiation and rate of seasonal recrudescence of the hypothalamo-hypophysial-testicular activity in males. © 2006 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved. },
    KEYWORDS = { Adaptation Bird Gonadotropin LH Parus caeruleus Population Reproduction Season Song control nuclei Testes Testosterone },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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