FournierThomasGarland1999

Référence

Fournier, F., Thomas, D.W. and Garland Jr, T. (1999) A test of two hypotheses explaining the seasonality of reproduction in temperate mammals. Functional Ecology, 13(4):523-529.

Résumé

1. Two proposed hypotheses about energy allocation were tested to explain the patterns of seasonal reproduction found in temperate mammals. The two hypotheses predict either that total demand for energy is greater during reproduction than during winter (when thermoregulatory costs are high) (Increased Demand Hypothesis) or that total costs during winter are greater than or equal to total costs during reproduction (Reallocation Hypothesis). 2. Data were compiled from the literature on summer (non-reproducing) and winter metabolic rates of temperate mammals, and were used on litter sizes and a published equation to predict metabolic rates during lactation. 3. All three measures of metabolic rate scaled to body mass with slopes significantly less than one. Metabolic rates during winter averaged ? 2 times greater than those of non-reproducing mammals during summer. On average, predicted metabolic rates during lactation were not significantly greater than during winter, but for some individual species they clearly were. 4. It is suggested that neither the Reallocation nor the Increased Demand Hypothesis can fully explain seasonal reproductive patterns in temperate mammals.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { FournierThomasGarland1999,
    AUTHOR = { Fournier, F. and Thomas, D.W. and Garland Jr, T. },
    TITLE = { A test of two hypotheses explaining the seasonality of reproduction in temperate mammals },
    JOURNAL = { Functional Ecology },
    YEAR = { 1999 },
    VOLUME = { 13 },
    PAGES = { 523-529 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 02698463 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 2 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECOE doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2435.1999.00342.x Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Fournier, F.; Department of Wildlife Ecology; 226 Russell Labs; University of Wisconsin Madison, WI 53706, United States References: Banfield, A.W.F., (1974) The Mammals of Canada, , University of Toronto Press, Toronto; Beck, L.R., Anthony, R.G., Metabolic and behavioral thermoregulation in the long-tailed vole, Microtus longicaudus (1971) Journal of Mammalogy, 52, pp. 404-412; Berteaux, D., Testing energy expenditure hypotheses: Reallocation versus increased demand in Microtus pennsylvanicus (1998) Acta Theriologica, 43 (1), pp. 13-21; Brower, J.E., Cade, T.J., Ecology and physiology of Napaeozapus insignis (Miller) and other woodland mice (1966) Ecology, 47, pp. 46-63; Brownell, E., DNA/DNA hybridization studies of muroid rodents: Symmetry and rates of molecular evolution (1983) Evolution, 37, pp. 1034-1051; Buskirk, S.W., Harlow, H.J., Forrest, S.C., Temperature regulation in American marten (Marten americana) in winter (1988) National Geographic Research, 4, pp. 208-218; Casey, T.M., Withers, P.C., Casey, K.K., Metabolic and respiratory responses of arctic mammals to ambient temperature during the summer (1979) Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 64 A, pp. 331-341; Catzeflis, P.M., Aguilar, J.-P., Jaeger, J.-J., Muroid rodents: Phylogeny and evolution (1992) Trends in Ecology and Evolution, 7, pp. 122-126; Catzeflis, P.M., Dickerman, A.W., Michaux, J., Kirsch, J.A.W., DNA hybridization and rodent phylogeny (1993) Mammal Phylogeny, pp. 159-172. , (eds F. S. Szalay, M. J. Novacek \& M. C. McKenna), Springer-Verlag, New York; Degen, A.A., Kam, M., Khokhlova, I.S., Krasnov, B.R., Barraclough, T.G., Average daily metabolic rate of rodents: Habitat and dietary comparisons (1998) Functional Ecology, 12, pp. 63-73; Di?az-Uriarte, R., Garland T., Jr., Testing hypotheses of correlated evolution using phylogenetically independent contrasts: Sensitivity to deviations from Brownian motion (1996) Systematic Biology, 45, pp. 27-47; Ducharme, M.B., Larochelle, J., Richard, D., Thermogenic capacity in gray and black morphs of the gray squirrel, Sciurus carolinensis (1989) Physiological Zoology, 62, pp. 1273-1292; Farrell, B.C., Christian, D.P., Energy and water requirements of lactation in the North American porcupine, Erethizon dorsatum (1987) Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 88 A, pp. 695-700; Felsenstein, J., Phylogenies and the comparative method (1985) American Naturalist, 125, pp. 1-15; Fish, F.E., Thermoregulation in the muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus): The use of regional heterothermia (1979) Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, 64 A, pp. 391-397; Francis, C.M., Anthony, E.L.P., Brunton, J.A., Kunz, T.H., Lactation in male fruit bats (1994) Nature, 367, pp. 691-692; Garland T., Jr., Midford, P.E., Ives, A.R., An introduction to phylogenetically based statistical methods, with a new method for confidence intervals on ancestral values (1999) American Zoologist, 39, pp. 374-388; Gebczynska, Z., Gebczynski, M., Oxygen consumption in two species of water-shrews (1965) Acta Theriologica, 10, pp. 209-214; Gebczynski, M., Seasonal and age changes in the metabolism and activity of Sorex araneus (Linnaeus) (1965) Acta Theriologica, 10, pp. 303-331; Gebczynski, M., The rate of metabolism of the lesser shrew (1971) Acta Theriologica, 16, pp. 329-339; George, S.B., Systematics, historical biogeography, and evolution of the genus Sorex (1988) Journal of Mammalogy, 69, pp. 443-461; Gorecki, A., Metabolic rate and energy budget in the bank vole (1968) Acta Theriologica, 13, pp. 341-365; Gorecki, A., Metabolism and energy budget in the harvest mouse (1971) Acta Theriologica, 16, pp. 213-220; Hart, J.S., Pohl, H., Tener, J.S., Seasonal acclimatization in varying hare (Lepus americanus) (1965) Canadian Journal of Zoology, 43, pp. 731-744; Irving, L., Krog, H., Monson, M., The metabolism of some Alaskan animals in winter and summer (1955) Physiological Zoology, 28, pp. 173-185; Jones, D.L., Wang, L.C.H., Metabolic and cardiovascular adaptations in the western chipmunks, genus Eutamias (1976) Journal of Comparative Physiology, 105, pp. 219-231; Lack, D.M., The breeding season of European birds (1950) Ibis, 92, pp. 288-316; MacArthur, R.A., Energy metabolism and thermoregulation of beaver (1989) Canadian Journal of Zoology, 67, pp. 651-657; MacArthur, R.A., Wang, L.C.H., Physiology of thermoregulation in the pika, Ochotona princeps (1973) Canadian Journal of Zoology, 51, pp. 11-16; Martin, T.E., Food as a limit on breeding birds: A life-history perspective (1987) Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics, 18, pp. 453-487; Masman, D., Gordijn, M., Daan, S., Dijkstra, C., Ecological energetics of the kestrel: Field estimates of energy intake throughout the year (1986) Ardea, 74, pp. 24-39; McManus, J.J., Bioenergetics and water requirements of the redback vole, Clethrionomys gapperi (1974) Journal of Mammalogy, 55, pp. 30-44; Millar, J.S., Adaptive features of mammalian reproduction (1977) Evolution, 31, pp. 370-386; Morrison, P., Ryser, K.A., Dawe, A.R., Studies on the physiology of the masked shrew Sorex cinereus (1959) Physiological Zoology, 32, pp. 256-271; Nagy, K.A., Field bioenergetics of mammals: What determines field metabolic rates? (1994) Australian Journal of Zoology, 42, pp. 43-53; Neal, C.M., Lustick, S.I., Energetics and evaporative water loss in the short-tailed shrew Blarina brevicauda (1973) Physiological Zoology, 46, pp. 180-185; Nowak, R.M., Paradiso, J.L., (1983) Walker's Mammals of the World, , The Johns Hopkins University Press, Baltimore; Oftedal, O.T., Body size and reproductive strategy as correlates of milk energy output in lactating mammals (1984) Acta Zoologica Fennica, 171, pp. 183-186; Oftedal, O.T., Milk composition, milk yield and energy output at peak lactation: A comparative review (1984) Symposium of the Zoological Society of London, 51, pp. 33-85; Packard, G.C., Oxygen consumption of Microtus momanus in relation to ambient temperature (1968) Journal of Mammalogy, 49, pp. 215-220; Pagel, M.D., A method for the analysis of comparative data (1992) Journal of Theoretical Biology, 156, pp. 431-442; Pauls, R.W., Energetics of the red squirrel: A laboratory study of the effects of temperature, seasonal acclimatization, use of the nest and exercise (1981) Journal of Thermal Biology, 6, pp. 79-86; Purvis, A., Garland T., Jr., Polytomies in comparative analyses of continuous characters (1993) Systematic Biology, 42, pp. 569-575; Ricklefs, R.E., Konarzewski, M., Daan, S., The relationship between basal metabolic rate and daily energy expenditure in birds and mammals (1996) American Naturalist, 147, pp. 1047-1071; Rosenmann, M., Morrison, P., Feist, D., Seasonal changes in the metabolic capacity of red-backed voles (1975) Physiological Zoology, 48, pp. 303-310; Saarela, S., Hissa, R., Metabolism, thermogenesis and daily rhythm of body temperature in the wood lemming, Myopus schisticolor (1993) Journal of Comparative Physiology B, 163, pp. 546-555; Sparti, A., Thermogenic capacity of shrews (Marimalia, Soricidae) and its relationship with basal rate of metabolism (1992) Physiological Zoology, 65, pp. 77-96; Stapp, P., Energetic influences on the life history of Glaucomys volans (1992) Journal of Mammalogy, 73, pp. 914-920; Wang, L.C.H., Jones, D.L., MacArthur, R.A., Fuller, W.A., Adaptation to cold: Energy metabolism in an atypical lagomorph, the arctic hare (Lepus arcticus) (1973) Canadian Journal of Zoology, 51, pp. 841-846; Weathers, W.W., Sullivan, K.A., Seasonal patterns of time and energy allocation by birds (1993) Physiological Zoology, 66, pp. 511-536; Worthen, G.L., Kilgore, D.L., Metabolic rate of pine marten in relation to air temperature (1981) Journal of Mammalogy, 62, pp. 624-628; Wunder, B.A., Dobkin, D.S., Gettinger, R.D., Shifts in thermogenesis in the prairie vole (Microtus ochrogaster) (1977) Oecologia, 29, pp. 11-26; Zar, J.H., (1984) Biostatistical Analysis, 2nd Edn., , Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ. },
    ABSTRACT = { 1. Two proposed hypotheses about energy allocation were tested to explain the patterns of seasonal reproduction found in temperate mammals. The two hypotheses predict either that total demand for energy is greater during reproduction than during winter (when thermoregulatory costs are high) (Increased Demand Hypothesis) or that total costs during winter are greater than or equal to total costs during reproduction (Reallocation Hypothesis). 2. Data were compiled from the literature on summer (non-reproducing) and winter metabolic rates of temperate mammals, and were used on litter sizes and a published equation to predict metabolic rates during lactation. 3. All three measures of metabolic rate scaled to body mass with slopes significantly less than one. Metabolic rates during winter averaged ? 2 times greater than those of non-reproducing mammals during summer. On average, predicted metabolic rates during lactation were not significantly greater than during winter, but for some individual species they clearly were. 4. It is suggested that neither the Reallocation nor the Increased Demand Hypothesis can fully explain seasonal reproductive patterns in temperate mammals. },
    KEYWORDS = { Comparative method Mammals Reallocation of energy Seasonal reproduction energy use hypothesis testing reproduction seasonality },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

Ecole d'été en Biologie et Ecologie intégratives 
6-12 juillet 2019, Pyrénées françaises
École d'été en modélisation de la biodiversité 
19-23 août 2019, Orford
Cours aux cycles supérieurs: Aménagement des écosystèmes forestiers 
19-30 août 2019, Station FERLD

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Symphonies_Boreales ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...