TremblayThomasLambrechtsEtAl2003

Référence

Tremblay, I., Thomas, D.W., Lambrechts, M.M., Blondel, J., Perret, P. (2003) Variation in Blue Tit breeding performance across gradients in habitat richness. Ecology, 84(11):3033-3043.

Résumé

Food supply is widely considered to be a major factor in determining life history traits and reproductive performance of birds. However, large spatial and temporal variation in natural available food supply is not always paralleled by proportional changes in energy demand by breeding birds. This necessarily results in variation in the supply-demand ratio and the amount of food available per unit mass of nestling. Because reproductive performance should respond to increases in available supply as a saturation curve, reaching a plateau above a certain threshold of food supply, we predict that variation in supply should change the intensity of selection on reproductive traits. We first tested this prediction using long-term data on nestling growth and survival in Blue Tits (Parus caeruleus) breeding over a gradient of habitat richness in Corsica, France. This long-term data analysis evaluates the effect of variation in food supply available to breeding tits using three surrogate variables: interannual variation in peak caterpillar abundance (caterpillar frass fall), offset between breeding date and peak caterpillar abundance, and natural variation in clutch size. We also used an experimental brood size manipulation (±3 chicks) to test the effect of varying brood demand on nestling growth. Results of the long-term data analysis show that all three variables affect fledging mass and fledging success in poor habitats, while only fledging mass is affected by variation in offset in rich habitats. Moreover, mean annual fledging success and fledging mass is strongly affected by annual variation in peak caterpillar abundance at low levels of abundance, but these effects disappear when food becomes abundant (saturation threshold level of 373 and 560 mg frass·m-2·d-1 for fledging success and fledging mass, respectively). Brood size manipulations confirm these results. In rich habitats, breeding birds can raise three extra chicks without any apparent effects on chick growth, while in poor habitats, chick growth is significantly reduced with brood enlargement. Our study shows that although food limitation can play an important role, it may not always be the primary force shaping life history traits.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { TremblayThomasLambrechtsEtAl2003,
    AUTHOR = { Tremblay, I. and Thomas, D.W. and Lambrechts, M.M. and Blondel, J. and Perret, P. },
    TITLE = { Variation in Blue Tit breeding performance across gradients in habitat richness },
    JOURNAL = { Ecology },
    YEAR = { 2003 },
    VOLUME = { 84 },
    PAGES = { 3033-3043 },
    NUMBER = { 11 },
    NOTE = { 00129658 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 20 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: ECOLA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Thomas, D.W.; Ctr. d'Ecologie Fonct. et Evol.; CNRS; 1919 Route de Mende Montpellier, France; email: donald.thomas@usherbrooke.ca References: Banbura, J., Blondel, J., De Wilde-Lambrechts, H., Galan, M.J., Maistre, M., Nestling diet variation in an insular Mediterranean population of blue tits Parus caeruleus-effects of years, territories and individuals (1994) Oecologia, 100, pp. 413-420; Banbura, J., Lambrechts, M.M., Blondel, J., Perret, P., Cartan-Son, M., Food handling time of blue tit chicks: Constraints and adaptation to different prey types (1999) Journal of Avian Biology, 30, pp. 263-270; Betts, F.N., The breeding seasons of birds in the hills of south India (1952) Ibis, 94, pp. 621-628; Blondel, J., Breeding strategies of the blue tit and coal tit (Parus) in mainland and island Mediterranean habitats: A comparison (1985) Journal of Animal Ecology, 54, pp. 531-556; Blondel, J., Clamens, P., Cramm, P., Gaubert, H., Isenmann, P., Population studies on tits in the Mediterranean region (1987) Ardea, 75, pp. 21-34; Blondel, J., Dias, P.C., Perret, P., Maistre, M., Lambrechts, M.M., Selection-based biodiversity at a small spatial scale in a low-dispersing insular bird (1999) Science, 285, pp. 1399-1402; Blondel, J., Isenmann, J., Maistre, M., Perret, P., What are the consequences of being a downy oak (Quercus pubescens) or a holm oak (Q. ilex) for breeding blue tits (Parus caeruleus) (1992) Vegetatio, 99-100, pp. 129-136; Bryant, D.M., Breeding biology of House Martins Delichon urbica in relation to aerial insect abundance (1975) Ibis, 117, pp. 180-216; Bryant, D.M., Westerterp, K.R., Time and energy limits to brood size in House Martins (Delichon urbica) (1983) Journal of Animal Ecology, 52, pp. 905-925; Clamens, A., Motxilla, P., Martin, J.L., Laying date in Mediterranean blue tits: Effect of habitat type and geographic isolation (1991) Ornis Scandinavica, 22, pp. 401-403; Farner, D., The photoperiodic control of reproductive cycles in birds (1964) American Scientist, 52, pp. 137-156; Gibb, J., The breeding biology of the great and blue titmice (1950) Ibis, 92, pp. 507-539; Hendricks, P., Geographical trends in clutch size: A range-wide relationship with laying date in American Pipits (1997) Auk, 114, pp. 773-778; Hipfner, J.M., The effects of parental quality and timing of breeding on the growth of nestling thick-billed murres (1997) Condor, 99, pp. 353-360; Holling, S., The components of predation as revealed by a study of small mammal predation of the European Pine Sawfly (1959) Canadian Entomologist, 91, pp. 293-320; Immelmann, K., Ecological aspects of periodic reproduction (1971) Avian Biology, pp. 341-389. , D. S. Farner and J. R. King, editors. Academic Press, New York, New York, USA; Johnston, R., The effect of direct supplementary feeding of nestlings on weight loss in female great tits Parus major (1993) Ibis, 135, pp. 311-314; Klomp, H., The determination of clutch size in birds: A review (1970) Ardea, 58, pp. 1-124; Lack, D., (1954) The Natural Regulation of Population Numbers, , Clarendon Press, Oxford, UK; Lack, D., (1968) Ecological Adaptations for Breeding in Birds, , Methuen, London, UK; Lambrechts, M.M., Blondel, J., Hurtrez-Bousse?s, S., Maistre, M., Perret, P., Adaptive inter-population differences in blue tit life-history traits on Corsica (1997) Evolutionary Ecology, 5, pp. 599-612; Lambrechts, M.M., Blondel, J., Maistre, M., Perret, P., A single response mechanism is responsible for evolutionary adaptive variation in a birds' laying date (1997) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (USA), 94, pp. 5153-5155; Lofts, B., Murton, R.K., Photoperiodic and physiological adaptations regulating avian breeding cycles and their ecological significance (1968) Journal of Zoology, 155, pp. 327-394; Marshall, A.J., Food availability as a timing factor in sexual cycle of birds (1951) Emu, 50, pp. 267-282; Merila?, J., Wiggins, D.A., Mass loss in breeding blue tits - The role of energetic stress (1997) Journal of Animal Ecology, 66, pp. 452-460; Moreau, R.E., The breeding seasons of African birds -1. Land birds (1950) Ibis, 92, pp. 223-267; Murton, R.K., Westwood, N.J., (1977) Avian Breeding Cycles, , Clarendon, Oxford, UK; Naef-Daenzer, B., Keller, L.F., The foraging performance of great and blue tits (Parus major and P. caeruleus) in relation to caterpillar development, and its consequences for nestling growth and fledging weight (1999) Journal of Animal Ecology, 68, pp. 708-718; Perrins, C.M., Population fluctuations and clutch-size in the great tit, Parus major L. (1965) Journal of Animal Ecology, 34, pp. 601-647; Perrins, C.M., The timing of birds' breeding seasons (1970) Ibis, 112, pp. 242-255; Perrins, C.M., Tits and their caterpillar food supply (1991) Ibis, 33, pp. 49-54; Perrins, C.M., McCleery, R.H., The effect of fledging mass on the lives of great tits (Parus major) (2001) Ardea, 89, pp. 135-142; Price, T., Kirkpatrick, M., Arnold, S.J., Directional selection and evolution of breeding date in birds (1988) Science, 24, pp. 798-799; Price, T., Liou, L., Selection on clutch size in birds (1989) American Naturalist, 134, pp. 950-959; Rowe, L., Ludwig, D., Schluter, D., Time, condition, and seasonal decline of avian clutch size (1994) American Naturalist, 143, pp. 698-722; Sanz, J.J., Tinbergen, J.M., Energy expenditure, nestling age, and brood size: An experimental study of parental behavior in the great tit Parus major (1999) Behavioral Ecology, 10, pp. 598-606; Siikamaki, P., Limitation of reproductive success by food availability and breeding time in pied flycatchers (1998) Ecology, 79, pp. 1789-1796; Sokman, K.W., Schwabl, H., Covariation of clutch size, laying date, and incubation tendency in the American Kestrel (2001) Condor, 103, pp. 570-578; Stearns, S.C., (1992) The Evolution of Life Histories, , Oxford University Press, New York, New York, USA; (1999) Systat 9.0, , Systat Software, Richmond, California, USA; Thomas, D.W., Blondel, J., Perret, P., Lambrechts, M.M., Speakman, J.R., Energetic and fitness costs of mismatching resource supply and demand in seasonally breeding birds (2001) Science, 291, pp. 2598-2600; Thomas, D.W., Blondel, J., Perret, P., Lambrechts, M.M., Speakman, J.R., Variation in food supply, time of breeding, and energy expenditure in birds - Response (2001) Science, 294, p. 471; Van Balen, J.H., A comparative study of the breeding ecology of the great tit Parus major in different habitats (1973) Ardea, 61, pp. 1-93; Verboven, N., Tinbergen, J.M., Verhulst, S., Food, reproductive success and multiple breeding in the great tit Parus major (2001) Ardea, 89, pp. 387-405; Verhulst, S., Tinbergen, J.M., Variation in food supply, time of breeding, and energy expenditure in birds (2001) Science, 294, p. 471; Zandt, H.S., A comparison of three sampling techniques to estimate the population size of caterpillars in trees (1994) Oecologia, 97, pp. 399-406; Zandt, H.S., Strijkstra, A.M., Blondel, J., Van Balen, H., Two Mediterranean blue tit populations: Are differences in the timing of breeding associated with caterpillar availability? (1990) Population Biology of Passerine Birds, pp. 145-155. , J. Blondel, A. Gosler, J.-D. Lebreton, and R. McCleery, editors. Springer-Verlag/NATO Scientific Affairs Division, New York, New York, USA. },
    ABSTRACT = { Food supply is widely considered to be a major factor in determining life history traits and reproductive performance of birds. However, large spatial and temporal variation in natural available food supply is not always paralleled by proportional changes in energy demand by breeding birds. This necessarily results in variation in the supply-demand ratio and the amount of food available per unit mass of nestling. Because reproductive performance should respond to increases in available supply as a saturation curve, reaching a plateau above a certain threshold of food supply, we predict that variation in supply should change the intensity of selection on reproductive traits. We first tested this prediction using long-term data on nestling growth and survival in Blue Tits (Parus caeruleus) breeding over a gradient of habitat richness in Corsica, France. This long-term data analysis evaluates the effect of variation in food supply available to breeding tits using three surrogate variables: interannual variation in peak caterpillar abundance (caterpillar frass fall), offset between breeding date and peak caterpillar abundance, and natural variation in clutch size. We also used an experimental brood size manipulation (±3 chicks) to test the effect of varying brood demand on nestling growth. Results of the long-term data analysis show that all three variables affect fledging mass and fledging success in poor habitats, while only fledging mass is affected by variation in offset in rich habitats. Moreover, mean annual fledging success and fledging mass is strongly affected by annual variation in peak caterpillar abundance at low levels of abundance, but these effects disappear when food becomes abundant (saturation threshold level of 373 and 560 mg frass·m-2·d-1 for fledging success and fledging mass, respectively). Brood size manipulations confirm these results. In rich habitats, breeding birds can raise three extra chicks without any apparent effects on chick growth, while in poor habitats, chick growth is significantly reduced with brood enlargement. Our study shows that although food limitation can play an important role, it may not always be the primary force shaping life history traits. },
    KEYWORDS = { Blue Tit Breeding performance Brood size manipulation Caterpillar frass Food abundance Habitat richness Parus caeruleus Supply and demand brood size environmental gradient fledging food limitation growth habitat quality passerine reproduction Corse Eurasia Europe France Western Europe Parus caeruleus },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

********************************************************** *************************** FRQNT ************************ **********************************************************

Un regroupement stratégique du

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - ABC CBA 2020 ****************** **********************************************************

31 mai au 4 juin 2020

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Symphonies_Boreales ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...