DesplandSimpson2005

Reference

Despland, E. and Simpson, S.J. (2005) Surviving the change to warning colouration: Density-dependent polyphenism suggests a route for the evolution of aposematism. Chemoecology, 15(2):69-75.

Abstract

How warning colouration first appeared remains a disputed question in evolutionary biology. A density-dependent transition from crypsis to aposematism that occurs during phase change in the desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) provides insight into the conditions under which acquiring warning colouration is adaptive. When crowded for only a few hours, solitarious locusts cease avoiding each other and actively aggregate. This occurs well before they acquire warning colouration. We show that accompanying this early behavioural gregarisation is a remarkable shift in feeding behaviour, in which solitarious insects switch from being deterred by a toxic plant alkaloid to feeding avidly upon foods containing it. A computer simulation shows how crypsis ceases to be effective as an anti-predator strategy when solitarious locusts are crowded, how chemical defence becomes essential as conspicuousness increases with local density, and how warning colouration becomes advantageous under these conditions. These findings provide empirical evidence for an adaptive route for the change from a cryptic edible phenotype to a brightly coloured toxic one. © Birkha?user Verlag, 2005.

EndNote Format

You can import this reference in EndNote.

BibTeX-CSV Format

You can import this reference in BibTeX-CSV format.

BibTeX Format

You can copy the BibTeX entry of this reference below, orimport it directly in a software like JabRef .

@ARTICLE { DesplandSimpson2005,
    AUTHOR = { Despland, E. and Simpson, S.J. },
    TITLE = { Surviving the change to warning colouration: Density-dependent polyphenism suggests a route for the evolution of aposematism },
    JOURNAL = { Chemoecology },
    YEAR = { 2005 },
    VOLUME = { 15 },
    PAGES = { 69-75 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { 09377409 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 1 Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CHMOE doi: 10.1007/s00049-005-0296-6 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Despland, E.; Department of Biology; Concordia University; 7141 Sherbrooke St W. Montreal, Que. H4B 1R6, Canada; email: Despland@alcor.concordia.ca References: Alatalo, R., Mappes, J., Tracking the evolution of warning signals (1996) Nature, 382, pp. 708-710; Applebaum, S., Heifetz, Y., Density-dependent physiological phase in insects (1999) Annual Review of Entomology, 44, pp. 317-341; Brodie, E.D., Agrawal, A.F., Maternal effects and the evolution of aposematic signals (2001) PNAS, 58, pp. 7884-7887; Culmsee, H., The habitat functions of vegetation in relation to the behaviour of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria (Forska?l) (Acrididae: Orthoptera) - A study in Mauritania (West Africa) (2002) Phytocoenologia, 32, pp. 645-664; Despland, E., Role of olfactory and visual cues in the attraction/repulsion responses to conspecifics by gregarious and solitarious locusts (2001) Journal of Insect Behavior, 14, pp. 35-46; Despland, E., Collett, M., Simpson, S.J., Small-scale processes in desert locust swarm formation: How vegetation patterns influence gregarisation (2000) Oikos, 88, pp. 652-662; Despland, E., Simpson, S.J., Food choices of solitarious and gregarious locusts reflect cryptic and aposematic anti-predator strategies (2005) Animal Behaviour, 69, pp. 471-479; El-Bashir, S., Strate?gies d'adaptation et de survie du criquet pe?lerin dans un milieu de re?cession et de multiplication (1996) Se?cheresse, 7, pp. 115-118; El-Shazly, A., Tei, A., Witte, E.D.M., Wink, M., Tropane alkaloids of Hyoscyamus boveanus, H. niger, H. muticus and H. albus from Egypt (1997) Zeitschrift fu?r Natu?rforschung, 52, pp. 729-739; Gamberale, G., Tullberg, B.S., Aposematism and gregariousness: The combined effect of group size and coloration on signal repellence (1998) Proc Roy Soc London Ser B, 265, pp. 889-894; Guilford, T., The evolution of aposematism (1990) Insect Defenses: Adaptive Mechanisms and Strategies of Prey and Predators, pp. 23-61. , Evans D and Schmidt J (eds). New York: State University of New York; Harborne, J., Baxter, H., Moss, G., (1999) Phytochemical Dictionary: A Handbook of Bioactive Compounds from Plants, , London: Taylor and Francis; Hunter, A.F., Gregariousness and repellent defences in the survival of phytophagous insects (2000) Oikos, 91, pp. 213-224; Lindstro?m, L., Experimental approaches to studying the initial evolution of conspicuous aposematic signalling (1999) Evol Ecol, 13, pp. 605-618; Lindstro?m, L., Alatalo, R.V., Lyytinen, A., Mappes, J., Predator experience on cryptic prey affects the survival of conspicuous aposematic prey (2001) Proceedings of the Royal Society B, 268, pp. 357-361; Lindstro?m, L., Alatalo, R.V., Mappes, J., Reactions of hand reared and wild-caught predators towards warningly colored, gregarious and conspicuous prey (1999) Behavioral Ecology, 10, pp. 317-322; Lindstro?m, L., Alatalo, R.V., Mappes, J., Riipi, M., Vertainen, L., Can aposematic signals evolve by gradual change? (1999) Nature, 397, pp. 249-251; Mainguet, A., Louveaux, A., El-Sayed, G., Rollin, P., Ability of a generalist insect, Schistocerca gregaria, to overcome thioglucoside defense in desert plants: Tolerance or adaptation? (2000) Entomol Exp App, 94, pp. 309-317; Mallet, J., Joron, M., Evolution of diversity in warning colour and mimicry: Polymorphisms, shifting balance and speciation (1999) Ann Rev Ecol System, 30, pp. 201-233; Marchant, J., (1975) Alfred Russel Wallace: Letters and Reminiscences, , New York: Arno Press; Pitt, W.C., Ritchie, M.E., Influence of prey distribution on the functional response of lizards (2002) Oikos, 96, pp. 157-163; Popov, G., Duranton, J., Gigault, J., (1991) Etude Ecologique des Biotopes du Cliquet Pe?lerin Schistocerca Gregaria (Forska?l, 1775) en Afrique Nord-Occidentale, , Mise en e?vidence et description des unite?s territoriales e?cologiquement homoge?nes. Rome: FAO; Riipi, M., Alatalo, R.V., Lindstro?m, L., Mappes, J., Multiple benefits of gregariousness cover detectability costs in aposematic aggregations (2001) Nature, 413, pp. 512-514; Roessingh, P., Simpson, S.J., The time-course of behavioural phase change in nymphs of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria (1994) Physiol Entomol, 19, pp. 191-197; Roessingh, P., Simpson, S.J., James, S., Analysis of phase-related changes in the behaviour of desert locust nymphs (1993) Proc Roy Soc B, 252, pp. 43-49; Santos, J.C., Coloma, L.A., Cannatella, D.C., Multiple, recurring origins of aposematism and diet specialization in poison frogs (2003) Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 100, pp. 12792-12797; Schlichting, C.D., Pigliucci, M., (1998) Phenotypic Evolution: A Reaction Norm Perspective, , Sunderland, USA: Sinauer Associates, Inc; Sherratt, T., The Coevolution of warning signals (2002) Proc Roy Soc London Ser B, 269, pp. 741-746; Sillen-Tullberg, B., The evolution of gregariousness in distasteful insects as a defense against predators (1988) Am Nat, 132, pp. 723-734; Simpson, S.J., Abisgold, J., Compensation by locusts for changes in dietary nutrients: Behavioural mechanisms (1985) Physiol Entomol, 10, pp. 443-452; Simpson, S.J., McCaffery, A.R., Ha?gele, B., A behavioural analysis of phase change in the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria (1999) Biological Reviews, 74, pp. 461-480; Simpson, S.J., Raubenheimer, D., The hungry locust (2000) Advances in the Study of Behavior, 29, pp. 1-44; Simpson, S.J., Raubenheimer, D., Behmer, S.T., Whitworth, A., Wright, G.A., A comparison of nutritional regulation in solitarious and gregarious phase nymphs of the desert locust Schistocerca gregaria (2002) J Exp Biol, 205, pp. 121-129; Speed, M., Ruxton, G.D., Evolution of suicide signals (2002) Nature, 461, p. 375; Sword, G.A., Density-dependent warning coloration (1999) Nature, 397, p. 217; Sword, G.A., Tasty on the outside, but toxic in the middle: Grasshopper regurgitation and host plant-mediated toxicity to a vertebrate predator (2001) Oecologia, 128, pp. 416-421; Sword, G.A., A role for phenotypic plasticity in the evolution of aposematism (2002) Proc Roy Soc London Ser B, 269, pp. 1639-1644; Sword, G.A., Simpson, S.J., El Hadi, O.T.M., Wilps, H., Density-dependent aposematism in the desert locust (2000) Proc Roy Soc London Ser B, 267, pp. 63-68; Tullberg, B.S., Leimar, O., Gamberale-Stille, G., Did aggregation favour the initial evolution of warning coloration? A novel world revisited (2000) Animal Behav, 59, pp. 281-287; Uvarov, B., (1977) Grasshoppers and Locusts, , London: C.O.P.R. },
    ABSTRACT = { How warning colouration first appeared remains a disputed question in evolutionary biology. A density-dependent transition from crypsis to aposematism that occurs during phase change in the desert locust (Schistocerca gregaria) provides insight into the conditions under which acquiring warning colouration is adaptive. When crowded for only a few hours, solitarious locusts cease avoiding each other and actively aggregate. This occurs well before they acquire warning colouration. We show that accompanying this early behavioural gregarisation is a remarkable shift in feeding behaviour, in which solitarious insects switch from being deterred by a toxic plant alkaloid to feeding avidly upon foods containing it. A computer simulation shows how crypsis ceases to be effective as an anti-predator strategy when solitarious locusts are crowded, how chemical defence becomes essential as conspicuousness increases with local density, and how warning colouration becomes advantageous under these conditions. These findings provide empirical evidence for an adaptive route for the change from a cryptic edible phenotype to a brightly coloured toxic one. © Birkha?user Verlag, 2005. },
    KEYWORDS = { Anti-predator strategies Individual-based modelling Induced defences Phase polymorphism Phenotypic plasticity Schistocerca gregaria Crypsis Hexapoda Insecta Orthoptera Schistocerca gregaria },
    OWNER = { racinep },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.09.07 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Colloque **************************** **********************************************************

1er au 3 mai 2019
UQAC

********************************************************** ************* R à Québec 2019**************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ********************* Traits **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

Cours intensif sur l'analyse des pistes 
6-10 mai 2019, Université de Sherbrooke
Cours intensif : Taxonomie et méthodes d’échantillonnage en tourbières 
6-17 mai 2019, Université Laval
Dendrochronological Fieldweek 2019 
16-21 mai 2019, Station FERLD
Traits Fonctionnels des Organismes - École thématique internationale 
19-24 mai 2019, Porquerolles, France
Cours aux cycles supérieurs: Terrain avancé en géographie 
10-15 juin 2019, FERLD, Abitibi-Témiscamingue
École d'été « Drones et télédétection environnementale » 
13-14 juin 2019, Sherbrooke
Ecole d'été en Biologie et Ecologie intégratives 
6-12 juillet 2019, Pyrénées françaises
École d'été en modélisation de la biodiversité 
19-23 août 2019, Orford
Cours aux cycles supérieurs: Aménagement des écosystèmes forestiers 
19-30 août 2019, Station FERLD

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Carapace ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Budworm ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Colibri **************************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ********** Pub 6 - Au coeur de l'arbre *********** **********************************************************

...Une exposition
virtuelle sur l'arbre!

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...