JonesDespland2006

Reference

Jones, B.C. and Despland, E. (2006) Effects of synchronization with host plant phenology occur early in the larval development of a spring folivore. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 84(4):628-633.

Abstract

Early spring feeding Lepidoptera depend on synchronization of larval emergence with host plant phenology for optimal growth and development. Physical and chemical characteristics of foliage change over the course of the growing season, and a delay in larval emergence therefore results in larvae foraging on lower quality food. We examine the effect of synchronization of larval emergence with leaf phenology on the entire larval stage of the forest tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria Hu?bner, 1820 (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Caterpillars were reared from egg hatch to pupation on trembling aspen, Populus tremuloides Michx; 10 days separated egg hatch in the early and late treatments. Late-hatching caterpillars experienced reduced growth in the early instars, but growth in the later instars did not differ between treatments. Reduced growth early in development resulted in both prolongation of the larval stage through the occurrence of additional instars, and lower pupal mass. Aspen foliage quality changes rapidly during leaf expansion, and the late-hatching caterpillars likely missed the narrow window of opportunity for young larvae to feed on high-quality developing foliage. This study demonstrates the importance of early-instar ecology in Lepidoptera. © 2006 NRC.

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@ARTICLE { JonesDespland2006,
    AUTHOR = { Jones, B.C. and Despland, E. },
    TITLE = { Effects of synchronization with host plant phenology occur early in the larval development of a spring folivore },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Zoology },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 84 },
    PAGES = { 628-633 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 00084301 (ISSN) Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJZOA doi: 10.1139/Z06-025 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Jones, B.C.; Department of Biological Sciences; University of Alberta; CW405 Biological Sciences Building Edmonton, Alta. T6G 2E9, Canada; email: bcjones@ualberta.ca References: Ayres, M.P., MacLean, S.F., Development of birch leaves and the growth energetics of Epirrita autumnata (Geometridae) (1987) Ecology, 68, pp. 558-568; Barbehenn, R.V., Walker, A.C., Uddin, F., Antioxidants in the midgut fluids of a tannin-tolerant and a tannin-sensitive caterpillar: Effects of seasonal changes in tree leaves (2003) J. Chem. Ecol., 29, pp. 1099-1116. , doi:10.1023/A:1023873321494; Beck, S.D., Nutrition of the European corn borer, Pyrausta nubilalis (Hbn.). II. Some effects of diet on larval growth characteristics (1950) Physiol. 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    ABSTRACT = { Early spring feeding Lepidoptera depend on synchronization of larval emergence with host plant phenology for optimal growth and development. Physical and chemical characteristics of foliage change over the course of the growing season, and a delay in larval emergence therefore results in larvae foraging on lower quality food. We examine the effect of synchronization of larval emergence with leaf phenology on the entire larval stage of the forest tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria Hu?bner, 1820 (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae). Caterpillars were reared from egg hatch to pupation on trembling aspen, Populus tremuloides Michx; 10 days separated egg hatch in the early and late treatments. Late-hatching caterpillars experienced reduced growth in the early instars, but growth in the later instars did not differ between treatments. Reduced growth early in development resulted in both prolongation of the larval stage through the occurrence of additional instars, and lower pupal mass. Aspen foliage quality changes rapidly during leaf expansion, and the late-hatching caterpillars likely missed the narrow window of opportunity for young larvae to feed on high-quality developing foliage. This study demonstrates the importance of early-instar ecology in Lepidoptera. © 2006 NRC. },
    OWNER = { racinep },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.09.07 },
}

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