LiretteDespland2021

Reference

Lirette, A.-O., Despland, E. (2021) Defensive traits during white spruce (Picea glauca) leaf ontogeny. Insects, 12(7). (Scopus )

Abstract

Changes during leaf ontogeny affect palatability to herbivores, such that many insects, including the eastern spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)), are specialist feeders on growing conifer leaves and buds. Developmental constraints imply lower toughness in developing foliage, and optimal defense theory predicts higher investment in chemical defense in these vulner-able yet valuable developing leaves. We summarize the literature on the time course of defensive compounds in developing white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) needles and report original research findings on the ontogeny of white spruce needle toughness. Our results show the predicted pattern of buds decreasing in toughness followed by leaves increasing in toughness during expansion, accompanied by opposite trends in water content. Toughness of mature foliage decreased slightly during the growing season, with no significant relationship with water content. Toughness of sun-grown leaves was slightly higher than that of shade-grown leaves. However, the literature review did not support the expected pattern of higher defensive compounds in expanding leaves than in mature leaves, suggesting that white spruce might instead exhibit a fast-growth low-defense strategy. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

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@ARTICLE { LiretteDespland2021,
    AUTHOR = { Lirette, A.-O. and Despland, E. },
    JOURNAL = { Insects },
    TITLE = { Defensive traits during white spruce (Picea glauca) leaf ontogeny },
    YEAR = { 2021 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    NUMBER = { 7 },
    VOLUME = { 12 },
    ABSTRACT = { Changes during leaf ontogeny affect palatability to herbivores, such that many insects, including the eastern spruce budworm (Choristoneura fumiferana (Clem.)), are specialist feeders on growing conifer leaves and buds. Developmental constraints imply lower toughness in developing foliage, and optimal defense theory predicts higher investment in chemical defense in these vulner-able yet valuable developing leaves. We summarize the literature on the time course of defensive compounds in developing white spruce (Picea glauca (Moench) Voss) needles and report original research findings on the ontogeny of white spruce needle toughness. Our results show the predicted pattern of buds decreasing in toughness followed by leaves increasing in toughness during expansion, accompanied by opposite trends in water content. Toughness of mature foliage decreased slightly during the growing season, with no significant relationship with water content. Toughness of sun-grown leaves was slightly higher than that of shade-grown leaves. However, the literature review did not support the expected pattern of higher defensive compounds in expanding leaves than in mature leaves, suggesting that white spruce might instead exhibit a fast-growth low-defense strategy. © 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. },
    AFFILIATION = { Biology Department, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke West, Montreal, QC H4B 1R6, Canada },
    ART_NUMBER = { 644 },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Herbivory; Leaf defensive traits; Leaf physical traits; Phenology; Plant-insect interactions; Spruce budworm; Toughness },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.3390/insects12070644 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85111257621&doi=10.3390%2finsects12070644&partnerID=40&md5=4a63264760a57cb16f778a86708ba941 },
}

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