NoseworthyDespland2006

Reference

Noseworthy, M.K. and Despland, E. (2006) How do primary nutrients affect the performance and preference of forest tent caterpillars on trembling aspen? Canadian Entomologist, 138(3):367-375.

Abstract

Variation in leaf quality includes differences in both primary nutrients and secondary metabolites. Both of these factors can influence the feeding preference and resulting performance of herbivores in ways that are difficult to disentangle when comparing foliage from different sources. Our study was designed to assess the effects of the ratio of the primary nutrients in host-tree foliage, protein and sugar, on the performance and feeding behaviour of the forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria Hu?bner (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae)). Fourth-stadium larvae were fed trembling aspen leaves (Populus tremuloides Michx (Salicaceae)) supplemented with casein, sucrose, or buffer only (control). No differences in taste responses to the three leaf types were detected. In a cafeteria situation, feeding behaviour over the short term was largely determined by the use of pheromone trails and hence depended on which leaf was contacted first. Over the longer term, caterpillars fed most on the control leaf and the sugar-supplemented leaf and discriminated against the protein-supplemented leaf. Sugar supplementation increased survivorship relative to the control treatment but slowed development and did not affect growth; protein supplementation decreased growth. These findings are consistent with past research comparing forest tent caterpillar performance and feeding preference on different host plants. © 2006 Entomological Society of Canada.

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@ARTICLE { NoseworthyDespland2006,
    AUTHOR = { Noseworthy, M.K. and Despland, E. },
    TITLE = { How do primary nutrients affect the performance and preference of forest tent caterpillars on trembling aspen? },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Entomologist },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 138 },
    PAGES = { 367-375 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { 0008347X (ISSN) Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CAENA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Despland, E.; Biology Department; Concordia University; 7141 Sherbrooke Street W Montre?al, Que. H4B 1R6, Canada; email: despland@alcor.concordia.ca References: Addy, N.D., Rearing the forest tent caterpillar on an artificial diet (1969) Journal of Economic Entomology, 62, pp. 270-271; Albert, P.J., Bauce, E., Feeding preferences of fourth and sixth instar spruce budworm (Lepidoptera: Torticidae) larvae for foliage extracts from young and old balsam fir hosts (1994) Environmental Entomology, 23, pp. 645-653; Bernays, E.A., Chapman, R.F., (1994) Host-plant Selection by Phytophagous Insects, , Chapman and Hall, New York; Bernays, E.A., Chapman, R.F., Singer, M.S., Changes in taste receptor cell sensitivity in a polyphagous caterpillar reflect carbohydrate but not protein imbalance (2004) Journal of Comparative Physiology, 190 A, pp. 39-48; Bryant, J.P., Clausen, T.P., Reichardt, P.B., McCarthy, M.C., Werner, R.A., Effect of nitrogen fertilization upon the secondary chemistry and nutritional value of quaking aspen (Populus tremuloides Michx.) leaves for the large aspen tortrix (Choristoneura conflictana (Walker)) (1987) Oecologia, 73, pp. 513-517; Bucker, J., Ballach, H.J., Alterations in carbohydrate levels in leaves of Populus due to ambient air pollution (1992) Physiologia Plantarum, 86, pp. 512-517; Coleman, M.D., Dickson, R.E., Isebrands, J.G., Karnosky, D.F., Carbon allocation and partitioning in aspen clones varying in sensitivity to tropospheric ozone (1995) Tree Physiology, 15, pp. 593-604; Despland, E., Noseworthy, M., How well do specialist feeders regulate nutrient intake? Evidence from a gregarious tree-feeding caterpillar (2006) Journal of Experimental Biology, 209, pp. 1301-1309; Fitzgerald, T.D., (1995) The Tent Caterpillars, , Cornell University Press, Ithaca, New York; Fitzgerald, T.D., Costa, J.T., Trail-based communication and foraging behavior of young colonies of forest tent caterpillars (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) (1986) Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 79, pp. 999-1007; Fortin, M., (1994) Les Stress Environnementaux: Effets Indirects Sur la Biologie et Le Comportement Alimentaire de la Livre?e des Fore?ts (Malacosoma disstria Hbn.), , M.Sc. thesis, Universite? du Que?bec a? 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Sucre Acer saccharum Marsh. Sain et De?pe?ri et Sur Le Peuplier Faux-tremble Populus tremuloi?des Michx. en Relation Avec la Chimie Foliaire, , M.Sc. thesis, Universite? du Que?bec a? Montre?al; Miller, W.E., Change in nutritional quality of detached aspen and willow foliage used as insect food in the laboratory (1987) The Great Lakes Entomologist, 20, pp. 41-45; Nicol, R.W., Arnasson, J.T., Helson, B., Abou-Zaid, M.M., Effect of host and nonhost trees on the growth and development of the forest tent caterpillar, Malacosoma disstria (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae) (1997) The Canadian Entomologist, 129, pp. 991-999; Panzuto, M., (2001) La Phagostimulation Chez Trois Espe?ces de Le?pidopte? res, , Ph.D. thesis, Universite? du Que?bec a? Montre?al; Panzuto, M., Lorenzetti, F., Mauffette, Y., Albert, P.J., Perception of aspen and sun/shade sugar maple leaf soluble extracts by larvae of Malacosoma disstria (2001) Journal of Chemical Ecology, 27, pp. 1963-1978; Peters, M.I., Despland, E., Plasticity in forest tent caterpillar collective foraging schedules (2006) Ethology, 112, pp. 521-528; Raubenheimer, D., Problems with ratio analysis in nutritional studies (1995) Functional Ecology, 9, pp. 21-29; Raubenheimer, D., Simpson, S.J., Integrative models of nutrient balancing: Application to insects and vertebrates (1997) Nutritional Research Reviews, 10, pp. 151-179; Robison, D.J., Raffa, K.F., Effects of constitutive and inducible traits of hybrid poplars on forest tent caterpillar feeding and population ecology (1996) Forest Science, 43, pp. 252-267; Salminen, J.P., Lempa, K., Effects of hydrolysable tannins on a herbivorous insect: Fate of individual tannins in insect digestive tract (2002) Chemoecology, 12, pp. 203-211; Schoonhoven, L.M., What makes a caterpillar eat? 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    ABSTRACT = { Variation in leaf quality includes differences in both primary nutrients and secondary metabolites. Both of these factors can influence the feeding preference and resulting performance of herbivores in ways that are difficult to disentangle when comparing foliage from different sources. Our study was designed to assess the effects of the ratio of the primary nutrients in host-tree foliage, protein and sugar, on the performance and feeding behaviour of the forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria Hu?bner (Lepidoptera: Lasiocampidae)). Fourth-stadium larvae were fed trembling aspen leaves (Populus tremuloides Michx (Salicaceae)) supplemented with casein, sucrose, or buffer only (control). No differences in taste responses to the three leaf types were detected. In a cafeteria situation, feeding behaviour over the short term was largely determined by the use of pheromone trails and hence depended on which leaf was contacted first. Over the longer term, caterpillars fed most on the control leaf and the sugar-supplemented leaf and discriminated against the protein-supplemented leaf. Sugar supplementation increased survivorship relative to the control treatment but slowed development and did not affect growth; protein supplementation decreased growth. These findings are consistent with past research comparing forest tent caterpillar performance and feeding preference on different host plants. © 2006 Entomological Society of Canada. },
    OWNER = { racinep },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.09.07 },
}

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