ElferjaniDesRochersTremblay2016

Référence

Elferjani, R., DesRochers, A., Tremblay, M.F. (2016) Plasticity of bud phenology and photosynthetic capacity in hybrid poplar plantations along a latitudinal gradient in northeastern Canada. Environmental and Experimental Botany, 125:67 - 76. (URL )

Résumé

Abstract Intensively managed plantations are being established in a wide range of environmental conditions to satisfy the high demand for wood products and reduce the exploitation pressure on natural forests. In this study, we investigated the plasticity of four hybrid poplar (Populus spp.) clones established in 2005 along a latitudinal gradient in northwestern Quebec, Canada. The effect of latitudinal gradient on maximum rates of electron transfer (Jmax) and carboxylation (Vcmax), dark respiration (Rd), spring and fall bud phenology, net photosynthesis (Pn), specific leaf area (SLA), per mass nitrogen leaf concentration (Nm) were assessed in order to evaluate if clonal plasticity would result in increased overall productivity. Growth season duration between the southernmost to the northernmost sites ranged 21–32 days, and was positively correlated to stem volume and negatively correlated to bud burst and bud set duration. Growth increment (stem volume) along the latitudinal gradient ranged 100–184% between the least and most productive clone. Clone 747215 had the most stable but the slowest growth. Leaf net photosynthesis decreased or did not change northwards except for the most productive clone for which it increased slightly likely due to a significant decrease in SLA. Maximum rates of carboxylation and photosynthesis electron transfer (Vcmax and Jmax) decreased northwards for three of the four clones, suggesting that photosynthesis of trees did not acclimate to lower temperatures from south to north. Plasticity of photosynthetic variables, measured with trait plasticity index was usually greater than that of {SLA} and Nm.

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@ARTICLE { ElferjaniDesRochersTremblay2016,
    TITLE = { Plasticity of bud phenology and photosynthetic capacity in hybrid poplar plantations along a latitudinal gradient in northeastern Canada },
    AUTHOR = { Elferjani, R. and DesRochers, A. and Tremblay, M.F. },
    JOURNAL = { Environmental and Experimental Botany },
    YEAR = { 2016 },
    PAGES = { 67 - 76 },
    VOLUME = { 125 },
    ABSTRACT = { Abstract Intensively managed plantations are being established in a wide range of environmental conditions to satisfy the high demand for wood products and reduce the exploitation pressure on natural forests. In this study, we investigated the plasticity of four hybrid poplar (Populus spp.) clones established in 2005 along a latitudinal gradient in northwestern Quebec, Canada. The effect of latitudinal gradient on maximum rates of electron transfer (Jmax) and carboxylation (Vcmax), dark respiration (Rd), spring and fall bud phenology, net photosynthesis (Pn), specific leaf area (SLA), per mass nitrogen leaf concentration (Nm) were assessed in order to evaluate if clonal plasticity would result in increased overall productivity. Growth season duration between the southernmost to the northernmost sites ranged 21–32 days, and was positively correlated to stem volume and negatively correlated to bud burst and bud set duration. Growth increment (stem volume) along the latitudinal gradient ranged 100–184% between the least and most productive clone. Clone 747215 had the most stable but the slowest growth. Leaf net photosynthesis decreased or did not change northwards except for the most productive clone for which it increased slightly likely due to a significant decrease in SLA. Maximum rates of carboxylation and photosynthesis electron transfer (Vcmax and Jmax) decreased northwards for three of the four clones, suggesting that photosynthesis of trees did not acclimate to lower temperatures from south to north. Plasticity of photosynthetic variables, measured with trait plasticity index was usually greater than that of \{SLA\} and Nm. },
    DOI = { http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envexpbot.2016.01.007 },
    ISSN = { 0098-8472 },
    KEYWORDS = { Phenotypic plasticity },
    OWNER = { DanielLesieur },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2016.02.16 },
    URL = { http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0098847216300090 },
}

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