SavvaBerninger2010

Référence

Savva, Y. and Berninger, F. (2010) Sulphur deposition causes a large-scale growth decline in boreal forests in Eurasia. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 24(3):GB3002. (URL )

Résumé

Human activity has altered climate, atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, and the concentrations of several pollutants over the last few decades. At the same time, short-term reactions of tree growth to climatic variations have changed during the last few decades, for reasons that are poorly understood. However, the effects of the pollutants on growth of boreal forests in these remote areas have not been quantified, but even small changes in the productivity of boreal forest should have a large effect on the carbon balance. Systematic growth changes of Scots pine, the most important forest species in boreal Eurasia, were analyzed over the last few decades using all 40 available tree ring chronologies north of 60°N latitude from the International Tree-Ring Data Bank. We demonstrated a long-term growth decline of Scots pine of about 17% or 0.0025 mm per year from the 1930s to the 1980s in northern Eurasia using a mixed-effect model. This growth decline was estimated from radial growth when the age and climate effects were factored out. Although the study sites were previously considered low-pollution pristine environments, the growth decrease was significantly related to sulphur depositions, while nitrogen depositions appeared to increase growth. Additionally, sulphur depositions caused Scots pine forests to be more sensitive to drought. Although the negative effects of local pollution on plant growth have been widely observed, the long-term effects of sulphur emissions and its spread to ecosystems distant from the sources of pollution have never been previously documented at such a large scale.

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@ARTICLE { SavvaBerninger2010,
    AUTHOR = { Savva, Y. and Berninger, F. },
    TITLE = { Sulphur deposition causes a large-scale growth decline in boreal forests in Eurasia },
    JOURNAL = { Global Biogeochemical Cycles },
    YEAR = { 2010 },
    VOLUME = { 24 },
    PAGES = { GB3002 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    MONTH = { july },
    ABSTRACT = { Human activity has altered climate, atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations, and the concentrations of several pollutants over the last few decades. At the same time, short-term reactions of tree growth to climatic variations have changed during the last few decades, for reasons that are poorly understood. However, the effects of the pollutants on growth of boreal forests in these remote areas have not been quantified, but even small changes in the productivity of boreal forest should have a large effect on the carbon balance. Systematic growth changes of Scots pine, the most important forest species in boreal Eurasia, were analyzed over the last few decades using all 40 available tree ring chronologies north of 60°N latitude from the International Tree-Ring Data Bank. We demonstrated a long-term growth decline of Scots pine of about 17% or 0.0025 mm per year from the 1930s to the 1980s in northern Eurasia using a mixed-effect model. This growth decline was estimated from radial growth when the age and climate effects were factored out. Although the study sites were previously considered low-pollution pristine environments, the growth decrease was significantly related to sulphur depositions, while nitrogen depositions appeared to increase growth. Additionally, sulphur depositions caused Scots pine forests to be more sensitive to drought. Although the negative effects of local pollution on plant growth have been widely observed, the long-term effects of sulphur emissions and its spread to ecosystems distant from the sources of pollution have never been previously documented at such a large scale. },
    ISSN = { 0886-6236 },
    KEYWORDS = { sulphur, nitrogen, dendrochronology, tree ring, boreal forest, ITRDB, 0315 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Biosphere/atmosphere interactions, 0345 Atmospheric Composition and Structure: Pollution: urban and regional, 0426 Biogeosciences: Biosphere/atmosphere interactions },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    PUBLISHER = { AGU },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2010.10.01 },
    URL = { http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009GB003749 },
}

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