LafontainePayette2011

Référence

de Lafontaine, G., Payette, S. (2011) Shifting zonal patterns of the southern boreal forest in eastern Canada associated with changing fire regime during the Holocene. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30(7-8):867-875. (Scopus )

Résumé

This research aims at uncovering the stand-scale Holocene fire history of balsam fir forest stands from two bioclimatic zones of the boreal forest and assessing the existence of a sub-continental shift in past fire activity that could have triggered a change in the Holocene zonal pattern. In eastern Canada, the extant closed-crown boreal forest corresponds to two ecological regions separated along 49°N, the northern black spruce zone and the southern balsam fir zone. We sampled balsam fir stands from the southern fir zone (n=7) and among the northernmost patches of fir forest located far beyond the fir zone boundary, into the spruce zone (n=6). Macrofossil analysis of charcoal in mineral soils was used to reconstruct both the stand-scale and regional Holocene fire histories. Data were interpreted in the context of published palaeoecological evidence. Stands of the balsam fir zone were submitted to recurrent fire disturbances between c. 9000 and 5000. cal.yr. B.P. Local fire histories suggested that four sites within the fir zone escaped fire during the Holocene. Such fire protected sites allowed the continuous maintenance of the balsam fir forest in the southern boreal landscape. Stands of the spruce zone have been affected by recurrent fires from 5000. cal.yr. B.P. to present. Local fire histories indicated that no site escaped fire in this zone. Published palaeoecological data suggested that balsam fir migrated to its current northern limit sometime between 7300 and 6200. cal.yr. B.P. A change of the fire regime 5000 years ago caused the regional decline of an historical northern balsam fir forest and its replacement by black spruce forest. The consequence was a sub-continental reshuffling of the fir and spruce zones within the closed-crown boreal forest. The macrofossil analysis of charcoal in mineral soils was instrumental to the reconstruction of stand-scale Holocene fire history at sites where no other in situ fire proxies were available. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd.

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@ARTICLE { LafontainePayette2011,
    AUTHOR = { de Lafontaine, G. and Payette, S. },
    TITLE = { Shifting zonal patterns of the southern boreal forest in eastern Canada associated with changing fire regime during the Holocene },
    JOURNAL = { Quaternary Science Reviews },
    YEAR = { 2011 },
    VOLUME = { 30 },
    NUMBER = { 7-8 },
    PAGES = { 867-875 },
    NOTE = { cited By 18 },
    ABSTRACT = { This research aims at uncovering the stand-scale Holocene fire history of balsam fir forest stands from two bioclimatic zones of the boreal forest and assessing the existence of a sub-continental shift in past fire activity that could have triggered a change in the Holocene zonal pattern. In eastern Canada, the extant closed-crown boreal forest corresponds to two ecological regions separated along 49°N, the northern black spruce zone and the southern balsam fir zone. We sampled balsam fir stands from the southern fir zone (n=7) and among the northernmost patches of fir forest located far beyond the fir zone boundary, into the spruce zone (n=6). Macrofossil analysis of charcoal in mineral soils was used to reconstruct both the stand-scale and regional Holocene fire histories. Data were interpreted in the context of published palaeoecological evidence. Stands of the balsam fir zone were submitted to recurrent fire disturbances between c. 9000 and 5000. cal.yr. B.P. Local fire histories suggested that four sites within the fir zone escaped fire during the Holocene. Such fire protected sites allowed the continuous maintenance of the balsam fir forest in the southern boreal landscape. Stands of the spruce zone have been affected by recurrent fires from 5000. cal.yr. B.P. to present. Local fire histories indicated that no site escaped fire in this zone. Published palaeoecological data suggested that balsam fir migrated to its current northern limit sometime between 7300 and 6200. cal.yr. B.P. A change of the fire regime 5000 years ago caused the regional decline of an historical northern balsam fir forest and its replacement by black spruce forest. The consequence was a sub-continental reshuffling of the fir and spruce zones within the closed-crown boreal forest. The macrofossil analysis of charcoal in mineral soils was instrumental to the reconstruction of stand-scale Holocene fire history at sites where no other in situ fire proxies were available. © 2011 Elsevier Ltd. },
    AFFILIATION = { Centre d'études nordiques, Département de Biologie, Université Laval, 1045 av. de la Médecine, G1V 0A6, Québec (QC), Canada },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { 14C AMS dating; Abies balsamea; Boreal biome; Eastern North America; Fire disturbance; Macrofossil analysis; Mineral soil charcoal; Picea mariana; Vegetation zones },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.quascirev.2011.01.002 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-79952376709&doi=10.1016%2fj.quascirev.2011.01.002&partnerID=40&md5=76529f83c7b10099aac33b37863f1d5f },
}

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