LafontainePayette2012

Référence

de Lafontaine, G., Payette, S. (2012) Long-term fire and forest history of subalpine balsam fir (Abies balsamea) and white spruce (Picea glauca) stands in eastern Canada inferred from soil charcoal analysis. Holocene, 22(2):191-201. (Scopus )

Résumé

The northernmost balsam fir forest in eastern Canada forms disjunct stands far beyond the extensive balsam fir forest zone of southern Canada. The northern balsam fir stands are distributed in the subalpine belt of high plateaus and coexist locally with white spruce stands. These subalpine stands contrast greatly with black spruce forest stands located in lowlands. Given that subalpine stands are remnants of an earlier northern expansion of the balsam fir forest, the main objective of this study is to assess whether white spruce stands are distinct communities having diverged from the balsam fir forest community earlier in the Holocene or if they rather correspond to a different stage of the chronosequence within the subalpine belt. Macrofossil analysis of charcoal in mineral soils was used to compare the stand-scale fire histories and taxonomic fossil composition of subalpine, old-growth balsam fir stands and white spruce stands. No significant differences of mean number of observed fires (mean = 6.35 fires per site), Holocene fire recurrence at the landscape scale and mean fire-return interval (mean = 580 years) were found between white spruce stands and balsam fir stands. The botanical composition of charcoal fragments from mineral soils showed that Abies, Betula and Picea were present throughout the fire period from 5600 cal. BP to present, and no difference was found in the fossil composition of the balsam fir and white spruce stands. No historical change in the botanical composition of charcoal from soils of both stand types was observed indicating that the initial floristic composition remained through the period of recurrent fires. Charcoal data suggest that white spruce stands are not divergent community types. Rather, the two community types are arranged along a chronosequence of different successional stages within the subalpine relict flora. © SAGE Publications 2011.

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@ARTICLE { LafontainePayette2012,
    AUTHOR = { de Lafontaine, G. and Payette, S. },
    TITLE = { Long-term fire and forest history of subalpine balsam fir (Abies balsamea) and white spruce (Picea glauca) stands in eastern Canada inferred from soil charcoal analysis },
    JOURNAL = { Holocene },
    YEAR = { 2012 },
    VOLUME = { 22 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    PAGES = { 191-201 },
    NOTE = { cited By 17 },
    ABSTRACT = { The northernmost balsam fir forest in eastern Canada forms disjunct stands far beyond the extensive balsam fir forest zone of southern Canada. The northern balsam fir stands are distributed in the subalpine belt of high plateaus and coexist locally with white spruce stands. These subalpine stands contrast greatly with black spruce forest stands located in lowlands. Given that subalpine stands are remnants of an earlier northern expansion of the balsam fir forest, the main objective of this study is to assess whether white spruce stands are distinct communities having diverged from the balsam fir forest community earlier in the Holocene or if they rather correspond to a different stage of the chronosequence within the subalpine belt. Macrofossil analysis of charcoal in mineral soils was used to compare the stand-scale fire histories and taxonomic fossil composition of subalpine, old-growth balsam fir stands and white spruce stands. No significant differences of mean number of observed fires (mean = 6.35 fires per site), Holocene fire recurrence at the landscape scale and mean fire-return interval (mean = 580 years) were found between white spruce stands and balsam fir stands. The botanical composition of charcoal fragments from mineral soils showed that Abies, Betula and Picea were present throughout the fire period from 5600 cal. BP to present, and no difference was found in the fossil composition of the balsam fir and white spruce stands. No historical change in the botanical composition of charcoal from soils of both stand types was observed indicating that the initial floristic composition remained through the period of recurrent fires. Charcoal data suggest that white spruce stands are not divergent community types. Rather, the two community types are arranged along a chronosequence of different successional stages within the subalpine relict flora. © SAGE Publications 2011. },
    AFFILIATION = { NSERC Northern Research Chair, Centre d'Études Nordiques, Département de Biologie; Université Laval, Canada },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { 14C AMS dating; Abies balsamea; boreal forest; charcoal analysis; eastern North America; ecological succession; macrofossil analysis; mineral soil charcoal; Picea glauca },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1177/0959683611414931 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-84855412574&doi=10.1177%2f0959683611414931&partnerID=40&md5=d17657348186adb6cc0fe51410dff63a },
}

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