CarlesLamhamediStoweEtAl2012

Reference

Carles, S., Lamhamedi, M.S., Stowe, D.C., Veilleux, L., Margolis, H.A. (2012) An operational method for estimating cold tolerance thresholds of white spruce seedlings in forest nurseries. Forestry Chronicle, 88(4):448-457. (URL )

Abstract

Cold damage leads to the rejection of millions of seedlings each year in northern forest nurseries. Nursery managers need a procedure to estimate the degree of hardening at a specific time in order to make decisions to avoid seedling loss. Estimates based on variables that are quick and easy to measure such as thermal time, a variable quantifying the cumulative effect over time of temperatures below a given threshold, and apical dry mass ratio (DM/FM) hold particular promise. In this study, two-year-old white spruce containerized seedlings were subjected to artificial freezing tests. The progression of DM/FM during the fall was determined and the thermal time was quantified by calculating hardening degree days (HDD) based on air temperature and a specific threshold for white spruce. Results establish that cold tolerance thresholds are associated with easily identifiable specific DM/FM and HDD values for nursery × species × seed source combinations.

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@ARTICLE { CarlesLamhamediStoweEtAl2012,
    AUTHOR = { Carles, S. and Lamhamedi, M.S. and Stowe, D.C. and Veilleux, L. and Margolis, H.A. },
    TITLE = { An operational method for estimating cold tolerance thresholds of white spruce seedlings in forest nurseries },
    JOURNAL = { Forestry Chronicle },
    YEAR = { 2012 },
    VOLUME = { 88 },
    PAGES = { 448-457 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    ABSTRACT = { Cold damage leads to the rejection of millions of seedlings each year in northern forest nurseries. Nursery managers need a procedure to estimate the degree of hardening at a specific time in order to make decisions to avoid seedling loss. Estimates based on variables that are quick and easy to measure such as thermal time, a variable quantifying the cumulative effect over time of temperatures below a given threshold, and apical dry mass ratio (DM/FM) hold particular promise. In this study, two-year-old white spruce containerized seedlings were subjected to artificial freezing tests. The progression of DM/FM during the fall was determined and the thermal time was quantified by calculating hardening degree days (HDD) based on air temperature and a specific threshold for white spruce. Results establish that cold tolerance thresholds are associated with easily identifiable specific DM/FM and HDD values for nursery × species × seed source combinations. },
    DOI = { doi:10.5558/tfc2012-081 },
    KEYWORDS = { Picea glauca, cold damage, hardening, apical dry mass ratio, hardening degree days },
    OWNER = { amriv2 },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2012.09.10 },
    URL = { http://pubs.cif-ifc.org/doi/abs/10.5558/tfc2012-081 },
}

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