DuperatGardinerRuel2021

Référence

Duperat, M., Gardiner, B., Ruel, J.-C. (2021) Testing an individual tree wind damage risk model in a naturally regenerated balsam fir stand: Potential impact of thinning on the level of risk. Forestry, 94(1):141-150. (Scopus )

Résumé

Widely distributed in Quebec, balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) is highly vulnerable to wind damage. Recently, there has been a trend in forest management to increase the use of partial cuttings in naturally regenerating stands, leaving the remnant trees at increased risk of wind damage. In order to limit wind damage after partial cuttings, it is therefore important to find silvicultural practices that minimize the risk of wind damage in these fir stands. Our main objective was to find balsam fir-specific values of parameters to integrate into the wind risk model ForestGALES, in order to simulate the impact of different types of commercial thinning on wind damage risk, and to determine which practice potentially minimizes the risk in a naturally regenerated stand. An anemometer placed at canopy height and strain gauges attached to the trunks of balsam firs allowed us to measure the wind-induced bending moments experienced by a sample of balsam fir trees. This enabled the calculation of the turning moment coefficients specific to each of the trees in order to compare them with the ForestGALES model predictions and to adapt the model for balsam fir stands. The model was tested first with only tree diameter and height as input variables to calculate the turning moment coefficient, then with the addition of a competition index, and finally with the addition of crown dimensions. Wind climate parameters for prediction of the probability of damage were calculated using the Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program airflow model. The model with the highest accuracy was then used to simulate two types of thinning and determine the impact on wind damage risk for each tree in the stand. According to the model's predictions, thinning from below has a reduced risk of wind damage compared with thinning from above. © 2020 The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Institute of Chartered Foresters. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { DuperatGardinerRuel2021,
    AUTHOR = { Duperat, M. and Gardiner, B. and Ruel, J.-C. },
    JOURNAL = { Forestry },
    TITLE = { Testing an individual tree wind damage risk model in a naturally regenerated balsam fir stand: Potential impact of thinning on the level of risk },
    YEAR = { 2021 },
    NOTE = { cited By 1 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    PAGES = { 141-150 },
    VOLUME = { 94 },
    ABSTRACT = { Widely distributed in Quebec, balsam fir (Abies balsamea (L.) Mill.) is highly vulnerable to wind damage. Recently, there has been a trend in forest management to increase the use of partial cuttings in naturally regenerating stands, leaving the remnant trees at increased risk of wind damage. In order to limit wind damage after partial cuttings, it is therefore important to find silvicultural practices that minimize the risk of wind damage in these fir stands. Our main objective was to find balsam fir-specific values of parameters to integrate into the wind risk model ForestGALES, in order to simulate the impact of different types of commercial thinning on wind damage risk, and to determine which practice potentially minimizes the risk in a naturally regenerated stand. An anemometer placed at canopy height and strain gauges attached to the trunks of balsam firs allowed us to measure the wind-induced bending moments experienced by a sample of balsam fir trees. This enabled the calculation of the turning moment coefficients specific to each of the trees in order to compare them with the ForestGALES model predictions and to adapt the model for balsam fir stands. The model was tested first with only tree diameter and height as input variables to calculate the turning moment coefficient, then with the addition of a competition index, and finally with the addition of crown dimensions. Wind climate parameters for prediction of the probability of damage were calculated using the Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program airflow model. The model with the highest accuracy was then used to simulate two types of thinning and determine the impact on wind damage risk for each tree in the stand. According to the model's predictions, thinning from below has a reduced risk of wind damage compared with thinning from above. © 2020 The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Institute of Chartered Foresters. All rights reserved. },
    AFFILIATION = { Centre d'Étude de la Forêt (Centre for Forest Research), Département des Sciences du Bois et de la Forêt, Université Laval, Québec, QC G1V 0A6, Canada; European Forest Institute, Pierroton, Cestas, 33612, France },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1093/forestry/cpaa023 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85099798732&doi=10.1093%2fforestry%2fcpaa023&partnerID=40&md5=d1728058d234dfb6d225dabecb554b47 },
}

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