WaldronRuelGauthierEtAl2014

Référence

Waldron, K., Ruel, J.-C., Gauthier, S. and Goulet, P. (2014) Comparisons of spatial patterns between windthrow and logging at two spatial scales. Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 44(7):740-749. (Scopus )

Résumé

Windthrow is a dominant natural disturbance in the boreal forest of eastern Canada. To provide the range of variability of a natural disturbance, its spatial distribution and patch metrics at stand and landscape scales have to be considered, together with the characterization of its severity. Our study characterized both partial windthrow (PW) and total windthrow (TW) spatial distributions at the landscape scale and patchiness within affected stands (stand scale). Landscape scale corresponded to three areas of about 5000 ha. Stand scale was the finest scale of analysis and corresponded to each affected stand within landscapes. In addition, windthrow spatial characteristics were compared with spatial characteristics of harvested areas (CUT). At the landscape scale, our results showed that TW stands were more isolated than PW stands and that mean shape complexity of disturbed stands was low, regardless of whether the disturbance was a windthrow or a harvested area. At the affected stand scale, residual trees covered a significantly higher proportion of PW stands than TW stands and CUT. CUT and TW did not share many spatial characteristics at the stand scale. CUT had a significantly higher proportion of complete canopy openness than TW. Our results showed that PW are spatially heterogeneous at both landscape and stand scales. In an ecosystem management context, i.e., a management that reduces the discrepancy between natural and managed forests, our results showed that forest managers could practice a variety of harvesting methods of different intensities.

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@ARTICLE { WaldronRuelGauthierEtAl2014,
    AUTHOR = { Waldron, K. and Ruel, J.-C. and Gauthier, S. and Goulet, P. },
    TITLE = { Comparisons of spatial patterns between windthrow and logging at two spatial scales },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    YEAR = { 2014 },
    VOLUME = { 44 },
    PAGES = { 740-749 },
    NUMBER = { 7 },
    ABSTRACT = { Windthrow is a dominant natural disturbance in the boreal forest of eastern Canada. To provide the range of variability of a natural disturbance, its spatial distribution and patch metrics at stand and landscape scales have to be considered, together with the characterization of its severity. Our study characterized both partial windthrow (PW) and total windthrow (TW) spatial distributions at the landscape scale and patchiness within affected stands (stand scale). Landscape scale corresponded to three areas of about 5000 ha. Stand scale was the finest scale of analysis and corresponded to each affected stand within landscapes. In addition, windthrow spatial characteristics were compared with spatial characteristics of harvested areas (CUT). At the landscape scale, our results showed that TW stands were more isolated than PW stands and that mean shape complexity of disturbed stands was low, regardless of whether the disturbance was a windthrow or a harvested area. At the affected stand scale, residual trees covered a significantly higher proportion of PW stands than TW stands and CUT. CUT and TW did not share many spatial characteristics at the stand scale. CUT had a significantly higher proportion of complete canopy openness than TW. Our results showed that PW are spatially heterogeneous at both landscape and stand scales. In an ecosystem management context, i.e., a management that reduces the discrepancy between natural and managed forests, our results showed that forest managers could practice a variety of harvesting methods of different intensities. },
    ADDRESS = { NSERC-University Laval Industrial Research Chair in Silviculture and Wildlife, 537 Blanche Blvd., Baie-Comeau, QC G5C 2B2, Canada },
    BOOKTITLE = { Canadian Journal of Forest Research },
    COMMENT = { Export Date: 29 July 2014 },
    KEYWORDS = { Canopy openness, Clearcuts, Density, Landscape, Mean nearest-neighbor distance, Partial windthrow, Shape, Size, Stand, Total windthrow },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2014.07.29 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84903315801&partnerID=40&md5=0a7c761c0ca2e2383df23c5f381d0901 },
}

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