VillarrealDuckettPressel2017

Référence

Villarreal, J.C., Duckett, J.G. and Pressel, S. (2017) Morphology, ultrastructure and phylogenetic affinities of the single-island endemic Anthoceros cristatus Steph. (Ascension Island). Journal of Bryology, 39(3):226-234. (Scopus )

Résumé

Oceanic islands, due to their geographical isolation, number, precisely defined boundaries and their geomorphological and climatic diversity, have provided enormous insights into speciation, dispersal, adaptive radiations and macroecological processes. One of the key components of these island studies is the role of single-island endemics (SIEs) as, in many instances, island biogeography models use the proportion of SIEs to infer evolutionary processes. It is, therefore, imperative to undertake critical taxonomic revisions to evaluate SIEs because changes in the number of SIEs have a key impact on downstream biogeographic analyses. We revise the special case of a putative SIE Anthoceros cristatus on Ascension Island using light and electron microscopy, as well phylogenomic tools. A. cristatus lies within the A. agrestis/A. punctatus complex but differs from the sister species A. agrestis and A. punctatus in spore morphology and gametophytic lamellae fringed with caducous marginal cells. The present confirmation, from both molecules and morphology, of the SIE status of Anthoceros cristatus and its restricted distribution on the Island makes the preservation of its habitat a conservation priority. Ascension Island is the tip of an undersea volcano that is thought to have emerged from the ocean 1 million years ago with an area of approximately 91 km2, with Green Mountain as the highest elevation (∼859 m a.s.l.). Ascension has a relative low bryophyte species diversity of 87 spp but this includes 12 endemics (∼14%); a much higher level of endemism than on the far more speciose Macaronesian Islands. © 2017, © British Bryological Society 2017.

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@ARTICLE { VillarrealDuckettPressel2017,
    AUTHOR = { Villarreal, J.C. and Duckett, J.G. and Pressel, S. },
    TITLE = { Morphology, ultrastructure and phylogenetic affinities of the single-island endemic Anthoceros cristatus Steph. (Ascension Island) },
    JOURNAL = { Journal of Bryology },
    YEAR = { 2017 },
    VOLUME = { 39 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    PAGES = { 226-234 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    ABSTRACT = { Oceanic islands, due to their geographical isolation, number, precisely defined boundaries and their geomorphological and climatic diversity, have provided enormous insights into speciation, dispersal, adaptive radiations and macroecological processes. One of the key components of these island studies is the role of single-island endemics (SIEs) as, in many instances, island biogeography models use the proportion of SIEs to infer evolutionary processes. It is, therefore, imperative to undertake critical taxonomic revisions to evaluate SIEs because changes in the number of SIEs have a key impact on downstream biogeographic analyses. We revise the special case of a putative SIE Anthoceros cristatus on Ascension Island using light and electron microscopy, as well phylogenomic tools. A. cristatus lies within the A. agrestis/A. punctatus complex but differs from the sister species A. agrestis and A. punctatus in spore morphology and gametophytic lamellae fringed with caducous marginal cells. The present confirmation, from both molecules and morphology, of the SIE status of Anthoceros cristatus and its restricted distribution on the Island makes the preservation of its habitat a conservation priority. Ascension Island is the tip of an undersea volcano that is thought to have emerged from the ocean 1 million years ago with an area of approximately 91 km2, with Green Mountain as the highest elevation (∼859 m a.s.l.). Ascension has a relative low bryophyte species diversity of 87 spp but this includes 12 endemics (∼14%); a much higher level of endemism than on the far more speciose Macaronesian Islands. © 2017, © British Bryological Society 2017. },
    AFFILIATION = { Département de Biologie, Université Laval, Québec, Canada; Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute, Ancon, Panama; Department of Life Sciences, Natural History Museum, Cromwell Road, London, United Kingdom },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Oceanic islands; Single island endemics; Ultrastructure },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1080/03736687.2017.1302153 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85018830767&doi=10.1080%2f03736687.2017.1302153&partnerID=40&md5=9e3b69d8c99ecd9860839f79898f6b8e },
}

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