VillarrealTurmelBourgouin-CoutureEtAl2018

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Villarreal, J.C., Turmel, M., Bourgouin-Couture, M., Laroche, J., Salazar Allen, N., Li, F.-W., Cheng, S., Renzaglia, K.S., Lemieux, C. (2018) Genome-wide organellar analyses from the hornwort Leiosporoceros dussii show low frequency of RNA editing. PLoS ONE, 13(8):1-18. (URL )

Résumé

Because hornworts occupy a pivotal position in early land colonization as sister to other bryophytes, sister to tracheophytes, or sister to all other land plants, a renewed interest has arisen in their phylogenetic diversity, morphology, and genomes. To date, only five organellar genome sequences are available for hornworts. We sequenced the plastome (155,956 bp) and mitogenome (212,153 bp) of the hornwort Leiosporoceros dussii, the sister taxon to all hornworts. The Leiosporoceros organellar genomes show conserved gene structure and order with respect to the other hornworts and other bryophytes. Additionally, using RNA-seq data we quantified the frequency of RNA-editing events (the canonical C-to-U and the reverse editing U-to-C) in both organellar genomes. In total, 109 sites were found in the plastome and 108 in the mitogenome, respectively. The proportion of edited sites corresponds to 0.06% of the plastome and 0.05% of the mitogenome (in reference to the total genome size), in contrast to 0.58% of edited sites in the plastome of Anthoceros angustus (161,162 bp). All edited sites in the plastome and 88 of 108 sites in the mitogenome are C-to-U conversions. Twenty reverse edited sites (U-to-C conversions) were found in the mitogenome (17.8%) and none in the plastome. The low frequency of RNA editing in Leiosporoceros, which is nearly 88% less than in the plastome of Anthoceros and the mitogenome of Nothoceros, indicates that the frequency of RNA editing has fluctuated during hornwort diversification. Hornworts are a pivotal land plant group to unravel the genomic implications of RNA editing and its maintenance despite the evident evolutionary disadvantages.

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@ARTICLE { VillarrealTurmelBourgouin-CoutureEtAl2018,
    AUTHOR = { Villarreal, J.C. and Turmel, M. and Bourgouin-Couture, M. and Laroche, J. and Salazar Allen, N. and Li, F.-W. and Cheng, S. and Renzaglia, K.S. and Lemieux, C. },
    TITLE = { Genome-wide organellar analyses from the hornwort Leiosporoceros dussii show low frequency of RNA editing },
    JOURNAL = { PLoS ONE },
    YEAR = { 2018 },
    VOLUME = { 13 },
    NUMBER = { 8 },
    PAGES = { 1-18 },
    MONTH = { 08 },
    ABSTRACT = { Because hornworts occupy a pivotal position in early land colonization as sister to other bryophytes, sister to tracheophytes, or sister to all other land plants, a renewed interest has arisen in their phylogenetic diversity, morphology, and genomes. To date, only five organellar genome sequences are available for hornworts. We sequenced the plastome (155,956 bp) and mitogenome (212,153 bp) of the hornwort Leiosporoceros dussii, the sister taxon to all hornworts. The Leiosporoceros organellar genomes show conserved gene structure and order with respect to the other hornworts and other bryophytes. Additionally, using RNA-seq data we quantified the frequency of RNA-editing events (the canonical C-to-U and the reverse editing U-to-C) in both organellar genomes. In total, 109 sites were found in the plastome and 108 in the mitogenome, respectively. The proportion of edited sites corresponds to 0.06% of the plastome and 0.05% of the mitogenome (in reference to the total genome size), in contrast to 0.58% of edited sites in the plastome of Anthoceros angustus (161,162 bp). All edited sites in the plastome and 88 of 108 sites in the mitogenome are C-to-U conversions. Twenty reverse edited sites (U-to-C conversions) were found in the mitogenome (17.8%) and none in the plastome. The low frequency of RNA editing in Leiosporoceros, which is nearly 88% less than in the plastome of Anthoceros and the mitogenome of Nothoceros, indicates that the frequency of RNA editing has fluctuated during hornwort diversification. Hornworts are a pivotal land plant group to unravel the genomic implications of RNA editing and its maintenance despite the evident evolutionary disadvantages. },
    DOI = { 10.1371/journal.pone.0200491 },
    PUBLISHER = { Public Library of Science },
    URL = { https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0200491 },
}

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