Lael Parrott

Membre associé
Modélisation, simulation et analyse de systèmes écologiques complexes

Associate Professor, Sustainability
Irving K Barber School of Arts and Sciences
Earth & Environmental Sciences and Biology Units
The University of British Columbia | Okanagan Campus
3333 University Way | Kelowna, BC Canada V1V 1V7
Phone 250 807 8122 | Fax 250 807 8005


Site départemental 

Personnel

Directions d'étudiants

Doctorats
Fabian Cid Yanez

Codirections

Ancien personnel
Philippe Girard (Postdoc 2013)
Élise Filotas (Postdoc 2013)
Mouna Petit-Jean (Tech. 2009)
Gaël Deest (Tech. 2008)
Josée Charbonneau (Prof. de rech. 2006)

Étudiants diplômés
Dirigés
Kristel Lucas (M.Sc. 2014)
Guillaume Latombe (Ph.D. 2013)
Élise Filotas (Ph.D. 2009)
Rodolphe Gonzales (M.Sc. 2009)
Raphaël Proulx (Ph.D. 2007)
Francis Meloche (M.Sc. 2006)
FORMATION
  • Ph.D. Biosystems Engineering, 2000 (McGill University)
  • M.Sc. Biosystems Engineering, 1995 (McGill University)
  • B.Sc. Agricultural Engineering, 1994 (McGill University)
THÈMES DE RECHERCHE

We study ecosystems and landscapes as complex systems, building models that can help us to better understand the interconnectedness of humans and their environment. We are affiliated with the UBC Okanagan Institute for Biodiversity, Resilience, and Ecosystem Services (BRAES).

We typically work at the scale of regional landscapes. We view landscapes as complex mosaics of interacting components, linked via processes occuring across multiple scales of space and time. Our approach is systems oriented, acknowledging that all parts of a landscape are interconnected. We work in marine, coastal and terrestrial environments.

Applications of our research include future scenario building, development of decision-support tools for multi-objective ecosystem management and the creation of new complexity-based ecological indicators. We work in close collaboration with non-academic partners from government and industry sectors. Pour de plus amples informations, veuillez consulter le site web du laboratoire de systèmes complexes à http://complexity.ok.ubc.ca/ 

Vous pouvez télécharger toutes mes références bibliographqiues en format BibTeX, BibTeX-CSV ou EndNote.
PUBLICATIONS
Livres



Chapitres de livre


  1. Parrott, L. and Lange, H. (2013) An Introduction to Complexity Science. In Managing Forests as Complex Adaptive Systems - Building Resilience to the Challenge of Global Change. (Messier, C. and Puettmann, K.J. and Coates, D.K., Eds.) Routledge. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Parrott, L. (2008) Ecological Informatics: Adaptive Agents. In Encyclopedia of Ecology. (Jørgensen, S.E. and Fath, B., Eds.) Oxford: Elsevier, pages 47-51. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


Livres et actes de colloques publiés à titre d'éditeur



Articles publiés dans des revues avec comité de lecture


  1. Messier, C., Puettmann, K., Chazdon, R., Andersson, K.P., Angers, V.-A., Brotons, L., Filotas, E., Tittler, R., Parrott, L. and Levin, S.A. (2015) From Management to Stewardship: Viewing Forests As Complex Adaptive Systems in an Uncertain World. Conservation Letters, 8(5):368-377. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Filotas, E., Parrott, L., Burton, P.J., Chazdon, R.L., Coates, D.K., Coll, L., Haeussler, S., Martin, K., Nocentini, S., Puettmann, K.J., Putz, F. E., Simard, S. W. and Messier, C. (2014) Viewing forests through the lens of complex systems science. Ecosphere, 5(1):art1-. (URL  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  3. Parrott, L., Chion, C., Gonzales, R. and Latombe, G. (2012) Agents, individuals, and networks: Modeling methods to inform natural resource management in regional landscapes. Ecology and Society, 17(3):-32. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  4. Gonzales, R. and Parrott, L. (2012) Network Theory in the Assessment of the Sustainability of Social-Ecological Systems. Geography Compass, 6(2):76-88. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  5. Mellin, C., Parrott, L., Andrefouet, S., Bradshaw, C.J.A., MacNeil, M.A. and Caley, M.J. (2012) Multi-scale marine biodiversity patterns inferred efficiently from habitat image processing. Ecological Applications, 22(3):792-803. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  6. Parrott, L. and Meyer, W.S. (2012) Future landscapes: Managing within complexity. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment, 10(7):382-389. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  7. Parrott, L. (2012) The Ubiquitous Dynamics of Complex Systems. BioScience, 62(6):607-608. (URL  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  8. Parrott, L., Chion, C., Martins, C.C.A., Lamontagne, P., Turgeon, S., Landry, J.A., Zhens, B., Marceau, D.J., Michaud, R., Cantin, G., Menard, N. and Dionne, S. (2011) A decision support system to assist the sustainable management of navigation activities in the St. Lawrence River Estuary, Canada. Environmental Modelling and Software, 26(12):1403-1418. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  9. Latombe, G., Parrott, L. and Fortin, D. (2011) Levels of emergence in individual based models: Coping with scarcity of data and pattern redundancy. Ecological Modelling, 222(9):1557-1568. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  10. Andersen, J.V., Nowak, A., Rotundo, G., Parrott, L. and Martinez, S. (2011) "Price-quakes" shaking the world's stock exchanges. PLoS ONE, 6(11):e26472. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  11. Parrott, L. (2011) Hybrid modelling of complex ecological systems for decision support: Recent successes and future perspectives. Ecological Informatics, 6(1):44-49. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  12. Kulkarni, A., Marwan, N., Parrott, L., Proulx, R. and Webber Jr, C.L. (2011) Editorial. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 21(4):997-1001. (Scopus  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  13. Chion, C., Lamontagne, P., Turgeon, S., Parrott, L., Landry, J.-A., Marceau, D.J., Martins, C.C.A., Michaud, R., Menard, N., Cantin, G. and Dionne, S. (2011) Eliciting cognitive processes underlying patterns of human-wildlife interactions for agent-based modelling. Ecological Modelling, 222(14):2213-2226. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  14. Filotas, E., Grant, M., Parrott, L. and Rikvold, P.A. (2010) The effect of positive interactions on community structure in a multi-species metacommunity model along an environmental gradient. Ecological Modelling, 221(6):885-894. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  15. Anand, M., Gonzalez, A., Guichard, F., Kolasa, J. and Parrott, L. (2010) Ecological Systems as Complex Systems: Challenges for an Emerging Science. Diversity, 2(3):395-410. (URL  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  16. Filotas, E., Grant, M., Parrott, L. and Rikvold, P.A. (2010) Positive interactions and the emergence of community structure in metacommunities. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 266(3):419-429. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  17. Botin, Z.T., David, L.T., del Rosario, R.C.H. and Parrott, L. (2010) Spatio-temporal complexity analysis of the sea surface temperature in the Philippines. Ocean Science, 6(3):933-947. (PDF  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  18. Parrott, L. (2010) Measuring ecological complexity. Ecological Indicators, 10(6):1069-1076. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  19. Proulx, R., Cote, P. and Parrott, L. (2009) Multivariate recurrence plots for visualizing and quantifying the dynamics of spatially extended ecosystems. Ecological Complexity, 6(1):37-47. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  20. Proulx, R. and Parrott, L. (2009) Structural complexity in digital images as an ecological indicator for monitoring forest dynamics across scale, space and time. Ecological Indicators, 9(6):1248-1256. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  21. Juge, C., Champagne, A., Coughlan, A.P., Juge, N., Parrott, L. and Piche, Y. (2009) Quantifying the growth of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi: usefulness of the fractal dimension. Botany, 87(4):387-400. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  22. Gonzales, R., Cardille, J.A., Parrott, L., Gaudreau, C. and Deest, G. (2009) SFMN GeoSearch: An interactive approach to the visualization and exchange of point-based ecological data. Ecological Informatics, 4(4):196-205. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  23. Proulx, R., Cote, P. and Parrott, L. (2008) Use of recurrence analysis to measure the dynamical stability of a multi-species community model. European Physical Journal-Special Topics, 164:117-126. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  24. Filotas, E., Grant, M., Parrott, L. and Rikvold, P.A. (2008) Community-driven dispersal in an individual-based predator-prey model. Ecological Complexity, 5(3):238-251. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  25. Parrott, L., Proulx, R. and Thibert-Plante, X. (2008) Three-dimensional metrics for the analysis of spatiotemporal data in ecology. Ecological Informatics, 3(6):343-353. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  26. Proulx, R., St-Laurent, M.-H. and Parrott, L. (2008) Emergent phenotypes: Association between morphology and coloration in fish. Evolutionary Ecology Research, 10(7):1037-1050. (Scopus  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  27. Proulx, R. and Parrott, L. (2008) Measures of structural complexity in digital images for monitoring the ecological signature of an old-growth forest ecosystem. Ecological Indicators, 8(3):270-284. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  28. Cote, P., Parrott, L. and Sabourin, R. (2007) Multi-objective optimization of an ecological assembly model. Ecological Informatics, 2:23-31. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  29. Anwar, M., Jeanneret, C., Parrott, L. and Marceau, D. (2007) Conceptualization and implementation of a multi-agent model to simulate whale-watching tours in the St. Lawrence estuary in Quebec, Canada. Environmental Modelling and Software, 22(12):1775-1787. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  30. Thibert-Plante, X. and Parrott, L. (2007) Prisoner’s Dilemma and Clusters on Small-World Networks. Complexity, 12:22-36. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  31. Arii, K., Derome, R. and Parrott, L. (2007) Examining the potential effects of species aggregation on the network structure of food webs. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology, 69(1):119-133. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  32. MacVicar, B. J., Parrott, L. and Roy, A.G. (2006) A two-dimensional discrete particle model of gravel bed river systems. Journal of Geophysical Research - F: Earth Surface, 111(F3):-. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  33. Arii, K. and Parrott, L. (2006) Examining the colonization process of exotic species varying in competitive abilities using a cellular automaton model. Ecological Modelling, 199(3):219-228. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  34. Cote, P. and Parrott, L. (2006) Controlling food web structure by optimization of a community assembly model. Ecological Informatics, 1(2):125-131. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  35. Parrott, L. (2005) Quantifying the complexity of simulated spatiotemporal population dynamics. Ecological Complexity, 2(2):175-184. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  36. Arii, K. and Parrott, L. (2004) Emergence of non-random structure in local food webs generated from randomly structured regional webs. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 227(3):327-333. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  37. Parrott, L. and Lange, H. (2004) Use of interactive forest growth simulation to characterise spatial stand structure. Forest Ecology and Management, 194(1-3):29-47. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  38. Parrott, L. (2004) Analysis of simulated long-term ecosystem dynamics using visual recurrence analysis. Ecological Complexity, 1(2):111-125. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  39. Parrott, L., Lacroix, R. and Wade, K.M. (2003) Design considerations for the implementation of multi-agent systems in the dairy industry. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture, 38(2):79-98. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  40. Parrott, L. and Kok, R. (2002) A generic, individual-based approach to modelling higher trophic levels in simulation of terrestrial ecosystems. Ecological Modelling, 154(1-2):151-178. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  41. Parrott, L. (2002) Complexity and the limits of ecological engineering. Transactions of the ASAE, 45(5):1697-1702. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  42. Parrott, L. and Kok, R. (2001) A generic primary producer model for use in ecosystem simulation. Ecological Modelling, 139(1):75-99. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  43. Parrott, L. and Kok, R. (2000) Incorporating complexity in ecosystem modelling. Complexity International, 7:19. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  44. Parrott, L., Kok, R. and Lacroix, R. (1996) Daily average temperatures: Modeling and generation with a Fourier transform approach. Transactions of the ASAE, 39(5):1911-1922. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


Articles publiés dans des actes de colloque (proceedings)


  1. Latombe, G., Parrott, L. and Fortin, D. (2011) Système d’aide à la décision pour étudier les effets de la structure du paysage sur la dynamique des populations du caribou forestier, de l’orignal et du loup en forêt boréale. In Actes du colloque «le caribou forestier : un enjeu de biodiversité et de développement durable.». Pages 121-123. Ministère des Ressources naturelles et de la Faune. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Rikvold, P.A., Filotas, E., Grant, M. and Parrott, L. (2011) Mutualistic Interactions and Community Structure in Biological Metacommunities. In APS Meeting Abstracts. Page 44014. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  3. Parrott, L. (2009) Understanding and managing the landscape as a complex system: What can bottom-up modelling approaches contribute? In Proceedings of the Surveying & Spatial Sciences Institute Biennial International Conference. Adelaide. (Ostendorf, B., Baldock, P., Bruce, D., Burdett, M. and Corcoran, P., Eds.) Pages 1095-1111. Surveying & Spatial Sciences Institute. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  4. McClure, M., Gervais, D.J., Morcos, L., Parrott, L. and Despland, E. (2009) Individual interactions to collective cooperation in the forest tent caterpillar (Malacosoma disstria). In Proceedings of Cognitio 2007. (Cambridge Scholar Press Ltd, Eds.) (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  5. Parrott, L. and R. Kok. (2000) Use of an object-based model to represent complex features of ecosystems. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Complex Systems. Nashua, NH, May 21-26. New England Complex System Institute. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


Rapports scientifiques, manuels et autres



Thèses, mémoires et essais


  1. Parrott, L. (2000) Learning to Engineer Life: A generally configurable model for the simulation of artificial ecosystems. Thèse de doctorat, McGill University. (Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Parrott, L. (1995) The EcoCyborg Project: A model of an artificial ecosystem. Mémoire de maîtrise, McGill University. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


Thèses, mémoires et essais supervisés


  1. Filotas, E. (2009) Structure et dynamique des communautés multi-espèces : le rôle de l’espace. Thèse de doctorat, Université de Montréal. (PDF  | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Proulx, R. (2007) Structure et dynamique des écosystèmes forestiers par l'imagerie, à de multiples échelles spatiales et temporelles. Thèse de doctorat, Université de Montréal. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  3. Meloche, F. (2006) Caractérisation de l'auto-organisation et de la complexité des écosystèmes. Mémoire de maîtrise, Université de Montréal. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


Articles publiés dans des revues sans comité de lecture


  1. Kulkarni, A., Marwan, N., Parrott, L., Proulx, R. and Webber, C. (2011) Recurrence plots at the crossroad between theory and application. International Journal of Bifurcation and Chaos, 21(4):997-1001. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  2. Vitting Andersenn, J., Nowak, A., Rotundo, G. and Parrott, L. (2009) Tremor price dynamics in the world's network of stock exchanges. ArXiv e-prints. (URL  | Résumé | EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )
  3. Banos, A. and Parrott, L. (2009) Agent-based spatial simulation (Editorial). International Journal of Geomatics, 19(4):381-384. (EndNote | BibTeX-CSV | BibTeX | Scholar )


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