ImbeauMonkkonenDesrochers2001

Référence

Imbeau, L., Monkkonen, M. and Desrochers, A. (2001) Long-term effects of forestry on birds of the eastern Canadian boreal forests: A comparison with Fennoscandia. Conservation Biology, 15(4):1151-1162.

Résumé

Logging is considered the most important threat to species in boreal forests. In contrast to eastern Canada, where most boreal forests remain largely untouched, in Fennoscandia it is possible to assess the cumulative, long-term effects of intensive forestry on wildlife. But harvesting of stands is rapidly changing Canadian boreal forests, which represent an important proportion of the world's boreal forests. We show that Fennoscandia and eastern Canada present striking similarities in terms of forest-age structure, natural-disturbance regime, and structure of bird assemblages, and we provide an assessment of the long-term effects of forestry on eastern Canadian birds of the boreal forest. We used life-history traits from habitat, nesting site, and geographical range to calculate an index of sensitivity to changes induced by modern forestry for boreal species of each region. Tropical migrants commonly found in eastern Canadian boreal forests have life-history traits that are not threat factors in relation to changes caused by modern forestry. Therefore, the general belief that tropical migrants in North America are more sensitive to landscape changes than those in Europe may not hold for species found in the boreal coniferous forests of eastern Canada. Nine Fennoscandian species present high levels of sensitivity, and at least eight eastern Canadian species are of similar concern. In both regions, most of the sensitive species are resident cavity nesters. Given the important similarities between the two regions, the northern expansion of commercial forestry in eastern Canada is likely to result in the significant decline of several resident species, as has occurred in Fennoscandia.

Format EndNote

Vous pouvez importer cette référence dans EndNote.

Format BibTeX-CSV

Vous pouvez importer cette référence en format BibTeX-CSV.

Format BibTeX

Vous pouvez copier l'entrée BibTeX de cette référence ci-bas, ou l'importer directement dans un logiciel tel que JabRef .

@ARTICLE { ImbeauMonkkonenDesrochers2001,
    AUTHOR = { Imbeau, L. and Monkkonen, M. and Desrochers, A. },
    TITLE = { Long-term effects of forestry on birds of the eastern Canadian boreal forests: A comparison with Fennoscandia },
    JOURNAL = { Conservation Biology },
    YEAR = { 2001 },
    VOLUME = { 15 },
    PAGES = { 1151-1162 },
    NUMBER = { 4 },
    NOTE = { 08888892 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 32 Export Date: 27 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: CBIOE doi: 10.1046/j.1523-1739.2001.0150041151.x Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Imbeau, L.; Ctr. de Rech. en Biologie Forestiere; Pavillon Abitibi-Price; Universite? Laval Sainte-Foy, Que. G1K 7P4, Canada; email: louisimbeau@hotmail.com References: Ahti, T., Ha?met-Ahti, L., Jalas, J., Vegetation zones and their sections in northwestern Europe (1968) Annales Botanici Fennici, 5, pp. 169-211; Andre?n, H., Effects of habitat fragmentation on birds and mammals in landscapes with different proportions of suitable habitat: A review (1994) Oikos, 71, pp. 355-366; Angelstam, P., Conservation of communities: The importance of edges, surroundings, and landscape mosaic structure (1992), pp. 9-70. , L. Hansson, editor. Ecological principles of nature conservation. Elsevier Applied Science, London; Angelstam, P., Landscape analysis as a tool for the scientific management of biodiversity (1997) Ecological Bulletins, 46, pp. 140-170; Angelstam, P., Mikusinski, G., Woodpecker assemblages in natural and managed boreal and hemiboreal forest: A review (1994) Annales Zoologici Fennici, 31, pp. 157-172; Angelstam, P., Petterson, B., Principles of present Swedish forest biodiversity management (1997) Ecological Bulletins, 46, pp. 191-203; Asbirk, S., Berg, L., Hardeng, G., Koskimies, P., Petersen, A., Population sizes and trends of birds in the Nordic countries 1978-1994 (1997) TemaNord, 1997, p. 614; Askins, R.A., (2000) Restoring North American birds, lessons from landscape ecology, , Yale University Press, New Haven, Connecticut; Aule?n, G., Carlson, A., Demography of a declining White-backed Woodpecker population (1990), pp. 63-66. , G. Aule?n and A. Carlson, editors. Conservation and management of woodpecker populations. Report 17. Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala; Berg, A., Ehnstro?m, B., Gustafsson, L., Hallingba?ck, T., Jonsell, M., Weslien, J., Threatened plant, animal, and fungus species in Swedish forests: Distribution and habitat associations (1994) Conservation Biology, 8, pp. 718-731; Bo?hning-Gaese, K., Gonza?lez-Guzman, L.I., Brown, J.H., Constraints on dispersal and the evolution of the avifauna of the Northern Hemisphere (1998) Evolutionary Ecology, 12, pp. 767-783; Boudreau, C., Courville, S., Se?guin, N., (1997) Le territoire (Atlas historique du Que?bec), , Les Archives Nationales du Que?bec-Les Presses de l'Universite? Laval, Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Canada; Bradstreet, M.S.W., Dunn, E.H., Using breeding season surveys to monitor changes in Canadian landbird populations (1997), pp. 30-35. , E. H. Dunn, M. D. Cadman, and J. Bruce Falls, editors. Monitoring bird populations: the Canadian experience. Occasional papers 95. Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada; Bryant, D., Nielsen, D., Tangley, L., (1997) The last frontier forests: ecosystems and economies on the edge, , World Resources Institute, Washington, D.C; Cadman, M.D., Eagles, P.F.J., Helleiner, F.M., (1987) Atlas of the breeding birds of Ontario, , Federation of Ontario Naturalists and the Long Point Bird Observatory. University of Waterloo Press, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada; (1997) Criteria and indicators of sustainable forest management in Canada: progress to date, , Canadian Forest Service, Ottawa; Cantin, D., Portrait statistique des fore?ts que?be?coises: De la foresterie a? la conservation (1996), pp. 5-26. , D. Cantin and C. Potvin, editors. L'utilisation durable des fore?ts que?be?coises, de l'exploitation a? la protection. Les Presses de l'Universite? Laval, Sainte-Foy, Quebec, Canada; Carleton, T.J., MacLellan, P., Woody vegetation responses to fire versus clear-cutting logging: A comparative survey in the central Canadian boreal forest (1994) E?coscience, 1, pp. 141-152; Cre?te, M., Drolet, B., Huot, J., Fortin, M.-J., Doucet, G.J., Chronose?quence apre?s feu de la diversite? de mammife?res et d'oiseaux au nord de la fore?t bore?ale que?be?coise (1995) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 25, pp. 1509-1518; Drolet, B., Desrochers, A., Fortin, M.-J., Effects of landscape structure on nesting songbird distribution in a harvested boreal forest (1999) Condor, 101, pp. 699-704; Dunn, E.H., Hussell, D.J.T., Welsh, D.A., Priority-setting tool applied to Canada's landbirds based on concern and responsibility for species (1999) Conservation Biology, 13, pp. 1404-1415; Edenius, L., Elmberg, J., Landscape level effects of modern forestry on bird communities in North Swedish boreal forests (1996) Landscape Ecology, 11, pp. 325-338; Edenius, L., Sjo?berg, K., Distribution of birds in natural landscape mosaics of old-growth forests in northern Sweden: Relations to habitat area and landscape context (1997) Ecography, 20, pp. 425-431; Ehrlich, P.R., Dobkin, D.S., Wheye, D., (1988) The Birder's Handbook, , Simon and Schuster, Inc., New York; Erskine, A.J., Black spruce forest (1971) American Birds, 25, pp. 985-986; Erskine, A.J., Mature jack pine forest (1971) American Birds, 25, pp. 986-987; Erskine, A.J., Black spruce stand (1972) American Birds, 26, p. 990; Erskine, A.J., Jack pine stand (1972) American Birds, 26, pp. 990-991; Erskine, A., Black spruce stand with alder swales (1973) American Birds, 27, p. 1010; Esseen, P.-A., Ehnstro?m, B., Ericson, L., Sjo?berg, K., Boreal forests: The focal habitats of Fennoscandia (1992), pp. 252-325. , L. Hansson, editor. Ecological principles of nature conservation. Chapman and Hall, London; Esseen, P.-A., Ehnstro?m, B., Ericson, L., Sjo?berg, K., Boreal forests (1997) Ecological Bulletin, 46, pp. 16-47; (2000) Suomen lajien uhanalaisuus 2000, , http://www.vyh.fi/luosuo/lumo/lasu/uhanal/uhanal.htm, (In Finnish.) Finnish Environment Institute; (1997) Finnish statistical yearbook of forestry, , Gummerus Oy, Jyva?skyla?, Finland; Gagnon, R., (1998) Les bases e?cologiques de fonctionnement des fore?ts commerciales d'e?pinette noire du Saguenay-Lac-St-Jean-Chibougamau-Chapais (Que?bec): vers un ame?nagement forestier durable, , Laboratoire d'E?cologie Ve?ge?tale, Universite? du Que?bec a? Chicoutimi, Quebec, Canada; Gauthier, J., Aubry, Y., (1996) The breeding birds of Que?bec: atlas of the breeding birds of southern Que?bec, , Association Que?be?coise des Groupes d'Ornithologues, Province of Que?bec Society for the Protection of Birds, Canadian Wildlife Service and Environment Canada, Montreal; Godfrey, W.E., (1986) Les oiseaux du Canada. E?dition re?vise?e, , Muse?e National des Sciences Naturelles, Muse?es Nationaux du Canada, Ottawa; (1998) Manuel d'ame?nagement forestier-Documents da?nnexes, , Ministe?re des Ressources Naturelles, Charlesbourg, Que?bec, Canada; Haapanen, A., Bird fauna of the Finnish forests in relation to forest succession (1965) Annales Zoologici Fennici, 2, pp. 153-196; Haapanen, A., Siitonen, P., Forest fires in Ulvinsalo strict nature reserve (1978) Silva Fennica, 12, pp. 187-200; Haila, Y., Ja?rvinen, O., Northern conifer forests and their bird species assemblages (1990), pp. 61-85. , A. Keast, editor. Biogeography and ecology of forest bird communities. Simon Peter Bakker Academic, The Hague, The Netherlands; Halman, E., Hokkanen, M., Juntunen, H., Korhonen, K.-M., Raivio, S., Savela, O., Siitonen, P., Vainio, M., (1996) Alue-ekologinen suunnittelu, , Metsa?hallituksen metsa?talouden julkaisuja 3/1996. Metsa?hallitus, Vantaa, Finland; Hannelius, S., Kuusela, K., (1995) Finland the country of evergreen forest, , Forssa Printing House, Forssa, Finland; Harrison, S., Bruna, E., Habitat fragmentation and large-scale conservation: What do we know for sure? (1999) Ecography, 22, pp. 225-232; Hejl, S.L., Human-induced changes in bird populations in coniferous forests in western North America during the past 100 years (1994) Studies in Avian Biology, 15, pp. 232-246; Helander, A.B., (1949) Suomen metsa?talouden historia, , Werner Soderstro?m Osakeyhtio?, Helsinki; Helle, P., Effects of forest regeneration on the structure of bird communities in northern Finland (1985) Holarctic Ecology, 8, pp. 120-132; Helle, P., Effects of forest fragmentation on bird densities in northern boreal forests (1985) Ornis Fennica, 62, pp. 35-41; Helle, P., Fuller, R.J., Migrant passerine birds in European forest successions in relation to vegetation height and geographical position (1988) Journal of Animal Ecology, 57, pp. 565-579; Helle, P., Ja?rvinen, O., Population trends of North Finnish land birds in relation to their habitat selection and changes in forest structure (1986) Oikos, 46, pp. 107-115; Helle, P., Mo?nkko?nen, M., Forest successions and bird communities: Theoretical aspects and practical implications (1990), pp. 299-318. , A. Keast, editor. Biogeography and ecology of forest bird communities. Simon Peter Bakker Academic, The Hague, The Netherlands; Helle, P., Niemi, G.J., Bird community dynamics in boreal forests (1996), pp. 209-234. , R. M. DeGraff and R. I. Miller, editors. Conservation of faunal diversity in forested landscapes. Chapman \& Hall, London; Hussell, D.J.T., Monitoring migrants to detect changes in populations of birds breeding in Canada: Present status and future prospects (1997), pp. 43-48. , E. H. Dunn, M. D. Cadman, and J. Bruce Falls, editors. Monitoring bird populations: the Canadian experience. Occasional papers 95. Canadian Wildlife Service, Ottawa; Hunter M.L., Jr., Paleoecology, landscape ecology, and conservation of Neotropical migrant passerines in boreal forests (1992), pp. 511-523. , J. M. Hagan III and D. W. Johnston, editors. Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C; Hutto, R.L., Composition of bird communities following stand-replacement fires in northern rocky mountain (U.S.A.) conifer forests (1995) Conservation Biology, 9, pp. 1041-1058; Imbeau, L., Savard, J.-P.L., Gagnon, R., Comparing bird assemblages of successional black spruce stands originating from fire and logging (1999) Canadian Journal of Zoology, 77, pp. 1850-1860; Ja?rvinen, O., Va?isa?nen, R.A., Long-term changes of the North European land bird fauna (1977) Oikos, 29, pp. 225-228; Ja?rvinen, O., Kuusela, K., Va?isa?nen, R.A., Effects of modern forestry on the numbers of breeding birds in Finland in 1945-1975 (1977) Silva Fennica, 11, pp. 282-294; Kirk, D.A., Hyslop, C., Population status and recent trends in Canadian raptors: A review (1998) Biological Conservation, 83, pp. 91-118; Lehtonen, H., Fire history recorded on pine trunks and stumps: Influence of land use and fires on forest structure in North Karelia (1998) Scandinavian Journal of Forest Research, 13, pp. 462-468; Linder, P., Elfving, B., Zackrisson, O., Stand structure and successional trends in virgin boreal forest reserves in Sweden (1997) Forest Ecology and Management, 98, pp. 17-33; Martin, T.E., Evolutionary determinants of clutch size in birds: Nest predation or limited breeding opportunities (1993) The American Naturalist, 142, pp. 937-946; McGarigal, K., McComb, W.C., Relationships between landscape structure and breeding birds in the Oregon coast range (1995) Ecological Monographs, 65, pp. 235-260; McKenney, D.W., Lindenmayer, D.B., An economic assessment of a nest-box strategy for the conservation of an endangered species (1994) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 24, pp. 2012-2019; Mikusinski, G., Angelstam, P., Economic geography, forest distribution, and woodpecker diversity in central Europe (1998) Conservation Biology, 12, pp. 200-208; Mo?nkko?nen, M., Metsa?kasvillisuuden sukkession vaikutukset Pohjois-Savon metsa?linnustoon (1984) Siiveka?s, 2, pp. 41-51; Mo?nkko?nen, M., Life history traits of Palearctic and Nearctic migrant passerines (1992) Ornis Fennica, 69, pp. 161-172; Mo?nkko?nen, M., Managing Nordic boreal forest landscapes for biodiversity: Ecological and economic perspectives (1999) Biodiversity and Conservation, 8, pp. 85-99; Mo?nkko?nen, M., Helle, P., Migratory habits of birds breeding in different stages of forest succession: A comparison between the Palearctic and the Nearctic (1989) Annales Zoologici Fennici, 26, pp. 323-330; Mo?nkko?nen, M., Reunanen, P., On critical threshold in landscape connectivity: A management perspective (1999) Oikos, 84, pp. 302-305; Mo?nkko?nen, M., Welsh, D.A., A biogeographical hypothesis on the effects of human caused landscape changes on the forest bird communities of Europe and North America (1994) Annales Zoologici Fennici, 31, pp. 61-70; Mo?nkko?nen, M., Helle, P., Welsh, D.A., Perspectives on Palaearctic and Nearctic bird migration: Comparisons and overview of life-history and ecology of migrant passerines (1992) Ibis, 134 (SUPPL. 1), pp. 7-14; Nadeau, S., Phillips, D., Zurbrigg, E., Status of forest-dwelling species nationally at risk in Canada (1998) Forestry Chronicle, 74, pp. 544-548; Newton, I., (1979) Population ecology of raptors, , T \& A D Poyser, Berkhamsted, Hertfordshire; Niemi, G., Hanowski, J., Helle, P., Howe, R., Mo?nkko?nen, M., Venier, L., Welsh, D., Ecological sustainability of birds in boreal forests (1998) Conservation Ecology, 2 (2). , http//www.conseco.org/journal/vol2/iss2/art17; Nilsson, S.G., Ericson, L., Conservation of plant and animal populations in theory and practice (1997) Ecological Bulletin, 46, pp. 117-139; Oksanen, L., Moen, J., Helle, T., Timberline patterns in northernmost Fennoscandia: Relative importance of climate and grazing (1995) Acta Botanica Fennica, 153, pp. 93-105; Parent, B., (1999) Ressource et industrie forestie?re: portrait statistique, , Gouvernement du Que?bec, Ministe?re des Richesses Naturelles, Charlesbourg, Quebec, Canada; Payette, S., Fire as a controlling process in the North American boreal forest (1992), pp. 144-169. , H. H. Shugart, R. Leemans and G. B. Bonan, editors. A system analysis of the global boreal forest. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, United Kingdom; Po?ysa?, H., The common goldeneye (1996), pp. 160-163. , H. Linde?n, M. Hario, and M. Wikman, editors. Riistan ja?ljille. (In Finnish with English summary). Finnish Game and Fisheries Research Institute, Edita, Helsinki; Reed, J.M., A system for ranking conservation priorities for Neotropical migrant birds based on relative susceptibility to extinction (1992), pp. 524-536. , J. M. Hagan and D. W. Johnston, editors. Ecology and conservation of Neotropical migrant landbirds. Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C; Rolstad, J., Wegge, P., Distribution and size of capercaillie leks in relation to old forest fragmentation (1987) Oecologia, 72, pp. 389-394; Rowe, J.S., (1972) Forest regions of Canada, , Canadian Forestry Service, Department of the Environment, Ottawa; Ru?lcker, C., Angelstam, P., Rosenberg, P., (1994) Ecological forestry planning: a proposed planning model based on the natural landscape, , (In Swedish with English summary). The Forestry Research Institute of Sweden, SkogForsk; Snow, D.W., Perrins, C.M., (1998) The birds of the western Palearctic. Concise edition, , Oxford University Press, Oxford, United Kingdom; Svensson, S., Svensson, M., Tjernberg, M., (1999) Svensk fa?gelatlas. Supplement 31, , Va?r Fa?gelva?rld, Stockholm; (1999) Competing realities: the boreal forest at risk, , http://www.parl.gc.ca/36/1/parlbus/commbus/senate/com-e/bore-e/rep-e/ rep09jun99-e.htm, Senate of Canada, Ottawa; Va?isa?nen, R.A., Ja?rvinen, O., Rauhala, P., How are extensive, human-caused habitat alterations expressed on the scale of local bird populations in boreal forest? (1986) Ornis Scandinavica, 17, pp. 282-292; Va?isa?nen, R.A., Lammi, E., Koskimies, P., (1998) Distribution, numbers and population changes of Finnish breeding birds, , (In Finnish with English summary). Otava, Helsinki; Virkkala, R., Effects of forest management on birds breeding in northern Finland (1987) Annales Zoologici Fennici, 24, pp. 281-294; Virkkala, R., Population trends of forest birds in a Finnish Lapland landscape of large habitat blocks: Consequences of stochastic environmental variations or regional habitat alteration? (1991) Biological Conservation, 56, pp. 223-240; Virkkala, R., Alanko, T., Laine, T., Tiainen, J., Population contraction of the White-backed Woodpecker Dendrocopos leucotos in Finland as a consequence of habitat alteration (1993) Biological Conservation, 66, pp. 47-53; Virkkala, R., Rajasa?rkka?, A., Va?isa?nen, R.A., Vickholm, M., Virolainen, E., Conservation value of nature reserves: Do hole-nesting birds prefer protected forests in southern Finland? (1994) Annales Zoologici Fennici, 31, pp. 173-186; Virkkala, R., Rajasa?rkka?, A., Va?isa?nen, R.A., Vickholm, M., Virolainen, E., The significance of protected areas for the land birds of southern Finland (1994) Conservation Biology, 8, pp. 532-544; Welsh, D.A., Fillman, D.R., The impact of forest cutting on boreal bird populations (1980) American Birds, 34, pp. 84-94; Zackrisson, O., Influence of forest fires on the north Swedish boreal forest (1977) Oikos, 29, pp. 22-32. },
    ABSTRACT = { Logging is considered the most important threat to species in boreal forests. In contrast to eastern Canada, where most boreal forests remain largely untouched, in Fennoscandia it is possible to assess the cumulative, long-term effects of intensive forestry on wildlife. But harvesting of stands is rapidly changing Canadian boreal forests, which represent an important proportion of the world's boreal forests. We show that Fennoscandia and eastern Canada present striking similarities in terms of forest-age structure, natural-disturbance regime, and structure of bird assemblages, and we provide an assessment of the long-term effects of forestry on eastern Canadian birds of the boreal forest. We used life-history traits from habitat, nesting site, and geographical range to calculate an index of sensitivity to changes induced by modern forestry for boreal species of each region. Tropical migrants commonly found in eastern Canadian boreal forests have life-history traits that are not threat factors in relation to changes caused by modern forestry. Therefore, the general belief that tropical migrants in North America are more sensitive to landscape changes than those in Europe may not hold for species found in the boreal coniferous forests of eastern Canada. Nine Fennoscandian species present high levels of sensitivity, and at least eight eastern Canadian species are of similar concern. In both regions, most of the sensitive species are resident cavity nesters. Given the important similarities between the two regions, the northern expansion of commercial forestry in eastern Canada is likely to result in the significant decline of several resident species, as has occurred in Fennoscandia. },
    KEYWORDS = { avifauna boreal forest comparative study ecological impact forestry Canada Europe },
    OWNER = { racinep },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.09.07 },
}

********************************************************** ***************** Facebook Twitter *********************** **********************************************************

Abonnez-vous à
l'Infolettre du CEF!

********************************************************** ************* Écoles d'été et formation **************************** **********************************************************

Écoles d'été et formations

Cours aux cycles supérieurs: Terrain avancé en géographie 
10-15 juin 2019, FERLD, Abitibi-Témiscamingue
École d'été « Drones et télédétection environnementale » 
13-14 juin 2019, Sherbrooke
Ecole d'été en Biologie et Ecologie intégratives 
6-12 juillet 2019, Pyrénées françaises
École d'été en modélisation de la biodiversité 
19-23 août 2019, Orford
Cours aux cycles supérieurs: Aménagement des écosystèmes forestiers 
19-30 août 2019, Station FERLD

********************************************************** ***************** Pub - Symphonies_Boreales ****************** **********************************************************

********************************************************** ***************** Boîte à trucs *************** **********************************************************

CEF-Référence
La référence vedette !

Jérémie Alluard (2016) Les statistiques au moments de la rédaction 

  • Ce document a pour but de guider les étudiants à intégrer de manière appropriée une analyse statistique dans leur rapport de recherche.

Voir les autres...