GagnonIbarzabalSavardEtAl2011

Référence

Gagnon, F., Ibarzabal, J., Savard, J.-P.L., Belisle, M., Vaillancourt, P. (2011) Autumnal patterns of nocturnal passerine migration in the st. lawrence estuary region, quebec, canada: A weather radar study. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 89(1):31-46. (Scopus )

Résumé

We documented the pattern of nocturnal passerine migration on each side of the St. Lawrence estuary (CôteNord north and Gaspésie south), using the Doppler Canadian weather surveillance radar of Val d'Irène (XAM). We examined whether autumnal migrants flew across the St. Lawrence, resulting in a uniform broad-front migration, or avoided crossing it, resulting in a bird concentration along the north coast. We found that a proportion of migrants crossed the estuary but that most followed the north coast. Ranges at which birds were detected were, on average, greater on Côte-Nord, thereby rejecting the uniform broad-front migration hypothesis, inasmuch as reflectivity measurements suggested that bird concentrated along Côte-Nord. The mean flight direction on Côte-Nord was southwest but shifted westward as the night progressed, avoiding crossing the estuary by late night. In Gaspésie, the mean flight direction over land was south and no directional shift was observed throughout the night. Flight altitude reach up to 1000 m above sea level (a.s.l.), but migratory activity was highest in the first 500 m a.s.l. It appears that the St. Lawrence estuary acts as a leading line and a barrier for nocturnal passerine migrants, and likely shapes migration farther south in Canada and in the United States.

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@ARTICLE { GagnonIbarzabalSavardEtAl2011,
    AUTHOR = { Gagnon, F. and Ibarzabal, J. and Savard, J.-P.L. and Belisle, M. and Vaillancourt, P. },
    TITLE = { Autumnal patterns of nocturnal passerine migration in the st. lawrence estuary region, quebec, canada: A weather radar study },
    JOURNAL = { Canadian Journal of Zoology },
    YEAR = { 2011 },
    VOLUME = { 89 },
    PAGES = { 31-46 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    ABSTRACT = { We documented the pattern of nocturnal passerine migration on each side of the St. Lawrence estuary (CôteNord north and Gaspésie south), using the Doppler Canadian weather surveillance radar of Val d'Irène (XAM). We examined whether autumnal migrants flew across the St. Lawrence, resulting in a uniform broad-front migration, or avoided crossing it, resulting in a bird concentration along the north coast. We found that a proportion of migrants crossed the estuary but that most followed the north coast. Ranges at which birds were detected were, on average, greater on Côte-Nord, thereby rejecting the uniform broad-front migration hypothesis, inasmuch as reflectivity measurements suggested that bird concentrated along Côte-Nord. The mean flight direction on Côte-Nord was southwest but shifted westward as the night progressed, avoiding crossing the estuary by late night. In Gaspésie, the mean flight direction over land was south and no directional shift was observed throughout the night. Flight altitude reach up to 1000 m above sea level (a.s.l.), but migratory activity was highest in the first 500 m a.s.l. It appears that the St. Lawrence estuary acts as a leading line and a barrier for nocturnal passerine migrants, and likely shapes migration farther south in Canada and in the United States. },
    COMMENT = { Export Date: 13 January 2011 Source: Scopus CODEN: CJZOA doi: 10.1139/Z10-092 },
    ISSN = { 00084301 (ISSN) },
    OWNER = { Luc },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2011.01.13 },
    URL = { http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-78650582672&partnerID=40&md5=e2fc32f7563e50bfea896d4e682f3b99 },
}

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