ChomelBaldyGuittonnyEtAl2020

Référence

Chomel, M., Baldy, V., Guittonny, M., Greff, S., DesRochers, A. (2020) Litter leachates have stronger impact than leaf litter on Folsomia candida fitness. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 147. (Scopus )

Résumé

It is well known that soil physico-chemical conditions and the nature of organic matter have important effects on soil micro-arthropod communities, including collembolans. However, mechanisms by which the physical or chemical quality of litter influence collembolan communities remain unclear. Plant secondary metabolites are partially released in soils through leaf and litter leaching and decomposition, and can have a strong influence on soil communities and their activity. In order to disentangle effects of the water-soluble compounds contained in the litter versus its physical effect, a microcosm experiment was set up exposing the collembola species Folsomia candida to either litter or litter leachates mixed to the substratum. Litter from three species with different chemical properties and one mixture (hybrid poplar, white spruce, grass and a mixture of poplar – spruce litter) and two concentrations of litter leachates (at 5% and 10% concentration) were used in microcosm experiments. After 30 days of incubation, reproduction and mortality rates of F. candida were assessed. Results showed that the tree litter leachates had a stronger impact on collembolan fitness compared to the litter itself, with a net reduction of survival and reproduction rates. Between 78 and 100% of mortality was observed in microcosms that received tree leachates, indicating a strong influence of the soluble compounds contained in tree leaves on collembolan. In contrast, collembolan reproduction was positively affected by the grass litter or 10% grass litter leachates compared to control (water). Our findings help to understand how chemical properties and leaf leaching may have important impacts on micro-arthropods communities and litter decomposition processes. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd

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@ARTICLE { ChomelBaldyGuittonnyEtAl2020,
    AUTHOR = { Chomel, M. and Baldy, V. and Guittonny, M. and Greff, S. and DesRochers, A. },
    JOURNAL = { Soil Biology and Biochemistry },
    TITLE = { Litter leachates have stronger impact than leaf litter on Folsomia candida fitness },
    YEAR = { 2020 },
    NOTE = { cited By 0 },
    VOLUME = { 147 },
    ABSTRACT = { It is well known that soil physico-chemical conditions and the nature of organic matter have important effects on soil micro-arthropod communities, including collembolans. However, mechanisms by which the physical or chemical quality of litter influence collembolan communities remain unclear. Plant secondary metabolites are partially released in soils through leaf and litter leaching and decomposition, and can have a strong influence on soil communities and their activity. In order to disentangle effects of the water-soluble compounds contained in the litter versus its physical effect, a microcosm experiment was set up exposing the collembola species Folsomia candida to either litter or litter leachates mixed to the substratum. Litter from three species with different chemical properties and one mixture (hybrid poplar, white spruce, grass and a mixture of poplar – spruce litter) and two concentrations of litter leachates (at 5% and 10% concentration) were used in microcosm experiments. After 30 days of incubation, reproduction and mortality rates of F. candida were assessed. Results showed that the tree litter leachates had a stronger impact on collembolan fitness compared to the litter itself, with a net reduction of survival and reproduction rates. Between 78 and 100% of mortality was observed in microcosms that received tree leachates, indicating a strong influence of the soluble compounds contained in tree leaves on collembolan. In contrast, collembolan reproduction was positively affected by the grass litter or 10% grass litter leachates compared to control (water). Our findings help to understand how chemical properties and leaf leaching may have important impacts on micro-arthropods communities and litter decomposition processes. © 2020 Elsevier Ltd },
    AFFILIATION = { Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, University of Manchester, Oxford Road, Manchester, M13 9PT, United Kingdom; Institut Méditerranéen de Biodiversité et d'Ecologie - Aix Marseille Université, CNRS, IRD, Avignon Université, IMBE UMR 7263, Marseille Cedex 03, 13331, France; Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue - Institut de recherche en mines et en environnement, 445, boul. de l'Université, Rouyn-Noranda, Québec J9X 5E4, Canada; Université du Québec en Abitibi-Témiscamingue - Institut de Recherche sur les forêts, 341 rue principale Nord, Amos, Québec J9T 2L8, Canada },
    ART_NUMBER = { 107850 },
    AUTHOR_KEYWORDS = { Collembola; Dissolved organic compound; Metabolomic; Mortality; Reproduction; Secondary metabolites },
    DOCUMENT_TYPE = { Article },
    DOI = { 10.1016/j.soilbio.2020.107850 },
    SOURCE = { Scopus },
    URL = { https://www.scopus.com/inward/record.uri?eid=2-s2.0-85084943080&doi=10.1016%2fj.soilbio.2020.107850&partnerID=40&md5=1e938f388ecec18dedca54bb8ac184e4 },
}

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