BjorkmanMyers-SmithElmendorfEtAl2018a

Référence

Bjorkman, A.D., Myers-Smith, I.H., Elmendorf, S.C., Normand, S., Ruger, N., Beck, P.S.A., Blach-Overgaard, A., Blok, D., Cornelissen, J.H.C., Forbes, B.C., Georges, D., Goetz, S.J., Guay, K.C., Henry, G.H.R., HilleRisLambers, J., Hollister, R.D., Karger, D.N., Kattge, J., Manning, P., Prevey, J.S., Rixen, C., Schaepman-Strub, G., Thomas, H.J.D., Vellend, M., Wilmking, M., Wipf, S., Carbognani, M., Hermanutz, L., Levesque, E., Molau, U., Petraglia, A., Soudzilovskaia, N.A., Spasojevic, M.J., Tomaselli, M., Vowles, T., Alatalo, J.M., Alexander, H.D., Anadon-Rosell, A., Angers-Blondin, S., te Beest, M., Berner, L., Bjork, R.G., Buchwal, A., Buras, A., Christie, K., Cooper, E.J., Dullinger, S., Elberling, B., Eskelinen, A., Frei, E.R., Grau, O., Grogan, P., Hallinger, M., Harper, K.A., Heijmans, M.M.P.D., Hudson, J., Hulber, K., Iturrate-Garcia, M., Iversen, C.M., Jaroszynska, F., Johnstone, J.F., Jorgensen, R.H., Kaarlejarvi, E., Klady, R., Kuleza, S., Kulonen, A., Lamarque, L.J., Lantz, T., Little, C.J., Speed, J.D.M., Michelsen, A., Milbau, A., Nabe-Nielsen, J., Nielsen, S.S., Ninot, J.M., Oberbauer, S.F., Olofsson, J., Onipchenko, V.G., Rumpf, S.B., Semenchuk, P., Shetti, R., Collier, L.S., Street, L.E., Suding, K.N., Tape, K.D., Trant, A., Treier, U.A., Tremblay, J.-P., Tremblay, M., Venn, S., Weijers, S., Zamin, T., Boulanger-Lapointe, N., Gould, W.A., Hik, D.S., Hofgaard, A., Jonsdottir, I.S., Jorgenson, J., Klein, J., Magnusson, B., Tweedie, C., Wookey, P.A., Bahn, M., Blonder, B., van Bodegom, P.M., Bond-Lamberty, B., Campetella, G., Cerabolini, B.E.L., Chapin, F.S., Cornwell, W.K., Craine, J., Dainese, M., de Vries, F.T., Diaz, S., Enquist, B.J., Green, W., Milla, R., Niinemets, U., Onoda, Y., Ordonez, J.C .and Ozinga, W.A., Penuelas, J., Poorter, H., Poschlod, P., Reich, P.B., Sande, B., Schamp, B., Sheremetev, S., Weiher, E. (2018) Plant functional trait change across a warming tundra biome. Nature, 562:57-62. (URL )

Résumé

The tundra is warming more rapidly than any other biome on Earth, and the potential ramifications are far-reaching because of global feedback effects between vegetation and climate. A better understanding of how environmental factors shape plant structure and function is crucial for predicting the consequences of environmental change for ecosystem functioning. Here we explore the biome-wide relationships between temperature, moisture and seven key plant functional traits both across space and over three decades of warming at 117 tundra locations. Spatial temperature–trait relationships were generally strong but soil moisture had a marked influence on the strength and direction of these relationships, highlighting the potentially important influence of changes in water availability on future trait shifts in tundra plant communities. Community height increased with warming across all sites over the past three decades, but other traits lagged far behind predicted rates of change. Our findings highlight the challenge of using space-for-time substitution to predict the functional consequences of future warming and suggest that functions that are tied closely to plant height will experience the most rapid change. They also reveal the strength with which environmental factors shape biotic communities at the coldest extremes of the planet and will help to improve projections of functional changes in tundra ecosystems with climate warming.

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@ARTICLE { BjorkmanMyers-SmithElmendorfEtAl2018a,
    AUTHOR = { Bjorkman, A.D. and Myers-Smith, I.H. and Elmendorf, S.C. and Normand, S. and Ruger, N. and Beck, P.S.A. and Blach-Overgaard, A. and Blok, D. and Cornelissen, J.H.C. and Forbes, B.C. and Georges, D. and Goetz, S.J. and Guay, K.C. and Henry, G.H.R. and HilleRisLambers, J. and Hollister, R.D. and Karger, D.N. and Kattge, J. and Manning, P. and Prevey, J.S. and Rixen, C. and Schaepman-Strub, G. and Thomas, H.J.D. and Vellend, M. and Wilmking, M. and Wipf, S. and Carbognani, M. and Hermanutz, L. and Levesque, E. and Molau, U. and Petraglia, A. and Soudzilovskaia, N.A. and Spasojevic, M.J. and Tomaselli, M. and Vowles, T. and Alatalo, J.M. and Alexander, H.D. and Anadon-Rosell, A. and Angers-Blondin, S. and te Beest, M. and Berner, L. and Bjork, R.G. and Buchwal, A. and Buras, A. and Christie, K. and Cooper, E.J. and Dullinger, S. and Elberling, B. and Eskelinen, A. and Frei, E.R. and Grau, O. and Grogan, P. and Hallinger, M. and Harper, K.A. and Heijmans, M.M.P.D. and Hudson, J. and Hulber, K. and Iturrate-Garcia, M. and Iversen, C.M. and Jaroszynska, F. and Johnstone, J.F. and Jorgensen, R.H. and Kaarlejarvi, E. and Klady, R. and Kuleza, S. and Kulonen, A. and Lamarque, L.J. and Lantz, T. and Little, C.J. and Speed, J.D.M. and Michelsen, A. and Milbau, A. and Nabe-Nielsen, J. and Nielsen, S.S. and Ninot, J.M. and Oberbauer, S.F. and Olofsson, J. and Onipchenko, V.G. and Rumpf, S.B. and Semenchuk, P. and Shetti, R. and Collier, L.S. and Street, L.E. and Suding, K.N. and Tape, K.D. and Trant, A. and Treier, U.A. and Tremblay, J.-P. and Tremblay, M. and Venn, S. and Weijers, S. and Zamin, T. and Boulanger-Lapointe, N. and Gould, W.A. and Hik, D.S. and Hofgaard, A. and Jonsdottir, I.S. and Jorgenson, J. and Klein, J. and Magnusson, B. and Tweedie, C. and Wookey, P.A. and Bahn, M. and Blonder, B. and van Bodegom, P.M. and Bond-Lamberty, B. and Campetella, G. and Cerabolini, B.E.L. and Chapin, F.S. and Cornwell, W.K. and Craine, J. and Dainese, M. and de Vries, F.T. and Diaz, S. and Enquist, B.J. and Green, W. and Milla, R. and Niinemets, U. and Onoda, Y. and Ordonez, J.C .and Ozinga, W.A. and Penuelas, J. and Poorter, H. and Poschlod, P. and Reich, P.B. and Sande, B. and Schamp, B. and Sheremetev, S. and Weiher, E. },
    TITLE = { Plant functional trait change across a warming tundra biome },
    JOURNAL = { Nature },
    YEAR = { 2018 },
    VOLUME = { 562 },
    PAGES = { 57-62 },
    ABSTRACT = { The tundra is warming more rapidly than any other biome on Earth, and the potential ramifications are far-reaching because of global feedback effects between vegetation and climate. A better understanding of how environmental factors shape plant structure and function is crucial for predicting the consequences of environmental change for ecosystem functioning. Here we explore the biome-wide relationships between temperature, moisture and seven key plant functional traits both across space and over three decades of warming at 117 tundra locations. Spatial temperature–trait relationships were generally strong but soil moisture had a marked influence on the strength and direction of these relationships, highlighting the potentially important influence of changes in water availability on future trait shifts in tundra plant communities. Community height increased with warming across all sites over the past three decades, but other traits lagged far behind predicted rates of change. Our findings highlight the challenge of using space-for-time substitution to predict the functional consequences of future warming and suggest that functions that are tied closely to plant height will experience the most rapid change. They also reveal the strength with which environmental factors shape biotic communities at the coldest extremes of the planet and will help to improve projections of functional changes in tundra ecosystems with climate warming. },
    DOI = { 10.1038/s41586-018-0563-7 },
    URL = { https://doi.org/10.1038/s41586-018-0563-7 },
}

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