DuguayAriiHooperEtAl2001

Référence

Duguay, S.M., Arii, K., Hooper, M., Lechowicz, M.J. (2001) Ice storm damage and early recovery in an old-growth forest. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 67(1-2):97-108.

Résumé

We quantified the damage caused by a major ice storm to individual trees in two 1-ha permanent plots located at Mont St. Hilaire in southwestern Que?bec, Canada. The storm, which occurred in January 1998, is the worst on record in eastern North America; glaze ice on the order of 80-100 mm accumulated at our study site. All but 3% of the trees (DBH ? 10 cm) lost at least some crown branches, and 35% lost more than half their crown. Damage to trees increased in the order: Tsuga canadensis, Betula alleghaniensis, Ostrya virginiana, Acer saccharum, Fagus grandifolia, Quercus rubra, Betula papyrifera, Acer rubrum, Tilia americana, and Fraxinus americana. Only 22% of the saplings and small trees (4 cm < DBH < 10 cm) escaped being broken or pinned to the ground by falling material. Levels of damage generally were greater in an exposed ridge top forest than in a cove protected from wind. By August 1999 only 53% of the trees had new shoots developing from the trunk or broken branches; among the more dominant canopy trees, Fagus grandifolia had the least sprouting and Acer saccharum and Quercus rubra the most. We anticipate and will monitor both significant turnover in the tree community and some shift in composition of the canopy dominants.

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@ARTICLE { DuguayAriiHooperEtAl2001,
    AUTHOR = { Duguay, S.M. and Arii, K. and Hooper, M. and Lechowicz, M.J. },
    TITLE = { Ice storm damage and early recovery in an old-growth forest },
    JOURNAL = { Environmental Monitoring and Assessment },
    YEAR = { 2001 },
    VOLUME = { 67 },
    PAGES = { 97-108 },
    NUMBER = { 1-2 },
    NOTE = { 01676369 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 13 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: EMASD doi: 10.1023/A:1006464511158 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Lechowicz, M.J.; Department of Biology; McGill University; 1205 Dr. Penfield Montreal, Que?. H3A 1B1, Canada; email: martin@biol.lan.mcgill.ca References: Abell, C., (1934) Journal of Forestry, 32, p. 35; Boerner, R.E., Runge, J.S.D., Cho, D.S., Kooser, J.G., (1988) American Midland Naturalist, 119, p. 199; Bruederle, L.P., Stearns, F.W., (1985) Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 112, p. 167; Campbell, W.A., (1937) Journal of Forestry, 35, p. 1156; Campbell, W.A., Davidson, R.W., (1940) Journal of Forestry, 38, pp. 963-965; Carvell, K.L., Tryon, E.H., True, R.P., (1957) Journal of Forestry, 55, p. 130; Cook, B.D., 'Tree-age distribution in a northern hardwood forest' (1971), Unpublished M.Sc. Thesis, Department of Geography, McGill University, Montre?al, Que?bec, Canada; Croxton, W.C., (1939) Ecology, 20, p. 71; Dallmeier, F., (1992), (ed.): Long-Term Monitoring of Biological Diversity in Tropical Forest Areas: Methods for Establishment and Inventory of Permanent Plots, MAB Digest 11, UNESCO, Paris; De Steven, D., Kline, J., Matthiae, P.E., (1991) Journal of Vegetation Science, 2, p. 201; Deuber, C.G., (1940) American Forests, 46, p. 210; Downs, A.A., (1938) Journal of Forestry, 36, p. 63; Enright, N.J., Lewis, J.E., (1985) Canadian Geographer, 29, p. 249; Feininger, T., Goodacre, A.K., (1995) Canadian Journal of Earth Science, 32, p. 1350; Harshberger, J.W., 'The relation of ice storms to trees' (1904) Contrib. Bot. Lab. Univ. Penn., 2, pp. 345-349; Hooper, M., 'Impacts of a catastrophic ice storm on an old-growth, hardwood forest' (1999), Unpublished M.Sc Thesis, Department of Biology, McGill University, Montre?al, Que?bec; Illick, J.S., (1916) Forest Leaves, 15, p. 103; Irland, L.C., (1998) Journal of Forestry, 96, p. 32; Kerry, M., Kelk, G., Etkin, D., Kalhok, S., (1999) Environment, 41, p. 6; Leckie, S., Vellend, M., Bell, G., Waterway, M.J., Lechowicz, M.J., (2000) Canadian Journal of Botany, 78, p. 181; Lemon, P.C., (1961) Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 88, p. 21; Maycock, P.F., (1961) Canadian Journal of Botany, 39, p. 1293; Melancon, S., Lechowicz, M.J., (1987) Canadian Journal of Botany, 65, p. 1157; Nicholas, N.S., Zedaker, S.M., (1989) Canadian Journal of Forest Research, 19, p. 1487; Rebertus, A.J., Shifley, S.R., Richards, R.H., Roovers, L.M., (1997) American Midland Naturalist, 137, p. 48; Rogers, W.E., (1992) Torreya, 22, p. 61; Rogers, W.E., (1923) Torreya, 23, p. 95; Rogers, W.E., (1924) Tycos, 14, p. 5; Sager, E.P.S., Hutchinson, T.C., Watmough, S.A., 'Elemental status and history of mature hardwoods at SI/MAB sites using ICP-MS analyses: A project for EMAN' (1999), Unpublished report to Ecological Monitoring and Assessment Network, Atmospheric Environment Service, Environment Canada, Downsview, Ontario; Seischab, F.K., Bernard, J.M., Eberle, M.D., 'Glaze storm damage to western New York forest communities' (1993) Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 120, p. 64; Siccama, T.G., Weir, G., Wallace, K., (1976) Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 103, p. 180; Spaulding, P., Bratton, A.W., (1946) Journal of Forestry, 44, p. 515; Whitney, H.E., Johnson, W.C., (1984) Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club, 111, p. 429. },
    ABSTRACT = { We quantified the damage caused by a major ice storm to individual trees in two 1-ha permanent plots located at Mont St. Hilaire in southwestern Que?bec, Canada. The storm, which occurred in January 1998, is the worst on record in eastern North America; glaze ice on the order of 80-100 mm accumulated at our study site. All but 3% of the trees (DBH ? 10 cm) lost at least some crown branches, and 35% lost more than half their crown. Damage to trees increased in the order: Tsuga canadensis, Betula alleghaniensis, Ostrya virginiana, Acer saccharum, Fagus grandifolia, Quercus rubra, Betula papyrifera, Acer rubrum, Tilia americana, and Fraxinus americana. Only 22% of the saplings and small trees (4 cm < DBH < 10 cm) escaped being broken or pinned to the ground by falling material. Levels of damage generally were greater in an exposed ridge top forest than in a cove protected from wind. By August 1999 only 53% of the trees had new shoots developing from the trunk or broken branches; among the more dominant canopy trees, Fagus grandifolia had the least sprouting and Acer saccharum and Quercus rubra the most. We anticipate and will monitor both significant turnover in the tree community and some shift in composition of the canopy dominants. },
    KEYWORDS = { Forest disturbance Ice storm Monitoring Northern hardwood forest Old-growth forest Tree damage Tree recovery Biodiversity Forestry Ice Statistical methods Ice storm damages Storms ice storm water ecosystem resilience forest health ice storm damage Ice Natural Disasters Trees Canada Acer rubrum Acer saccharum Betula alleghaniensis Betula papyrifera Fagus grandifolia Fraxinus americana Ostrya virginiana Quercus rubra Saccharum Tilia americana Tsuga canadensis },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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