KarstLechowicz2007

Référence

Karst, A.L., Lechowicz, M.J. (2007) Are correlations among foliar traits in ferns consistent with those in the seed plants? New Phytologist, 173(2):306-312.

Résumé

? Broad-based studies of gymnosperms and angiosperms reveal consistent and functionally significant correlations among foliar traits such as leaf mass per area (LMA), maximum photosynthetic rate (Aarea), foliar nitrogen (Narea), foliar chlorophyll (Chl) and leaf longevity. ? To assess the generality of these relationships, we studied 20 fern species growing in the understorey of a temperate deciduous forest. ? We found that foliar Narea increases with LMA, and that foliar Narea and Aarea are positively correlated with one another, as are foliar Narea and Chl. The ferns in general have very low LMA compared with most seed plants; Aarea, Narea and Chl are below median values for seed plants but are not extreme. Species with overwintering fronds have significantly higher LMA than species with fronds that senesce at the end of the growing season, as well as a significantly higher C : N ratio in frond tissue and relatively high foliar N on an areal basis. ? Correlations among foliar traits associated with gas exchange in these forest understorey ferns are in accordance with patterns reported for seed plants, suggesting a high degree of functional constraint on the interrelationships among key elements in foliar design. © The Authors (2006).

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@ARTICLE { KarstLechowicz2007,
    AUTHOR = { Karst, A.L. and Lechowicz, M.J. },
    TITLE = { Are correlations among foliar traits in ferns consistent with those in the seed plants? },
    JOURNAL = { New Phytologist },
    YEAR = { 2007 },
    VOLUME = { 173 },
    PAGES = { 306-312 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { 0028646X (ISSN) Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: NEPHA doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2006.01914.x Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Karst, A.L.; Center for Indigenous Environmental Resources; 245 McDermot Ave Winnipeg, Man. R3B 0S6, Canada; email: akarst@cier.ca References: Arii, K., Lechowicz, M.J., The influence of overstory trees and abiotic factors on the sapling community in an old-growth Fagus-Acer forest (2002) Ecoscience, 9, pp. 386-396; Brach, A.R., McNaughton, S.J., Raynal, D.J., Photosynthetic adaptability of two fern species of a northern hardwood forest (1993) American Fern Journal, 83, pp. 47-53; Brodribb, T.J., Holbrook, N.M., Zwieniecki, M.A., Palma, B., Leaf hydraulic capacity in ferns, conifers and angiosperms: Impacts on photosynthetic maxima (2005) New Phytologist, 165, pp. 839-846; Carlquist, S., Schneider, E.L., Vessels in ferns: Structural, ecological, and evolutionary significance (2001) American Journal of Botany, 88, pp. 1-13; Durand, L.Z., Goldstein, G., Photosynthesis, photoinhibition, and nitrogen use efficiency in native and invasive tree ferns in Hawaii (2001) Oecologia, 126, pp. 345-354; Gildner, B.S., Larson, D.W., Seasonal changes in photosynthesis in the desiccation-tolerant fern Polypodium virginianum (1992) Oecologia, 89, pp. 383-389; Greer, G.K., Lloyd, R.M., McCarthy, B.C., Factors influencing the distribution of pteridophytes in a southeastern Ohio hardwood forest (1997) Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society, 124, pp. 11-21; Ichie, T., Kitashi, Y., Matsuki, S., Maruyama, Y., Koike, T., The use of a portable non-destructive type nitrogen meter for leaves of woody plants in field studies (2002) Photosynthetica, 40, pp. 289-292; Ludlow, C.J., Wolf, F.T., Photosynthesis and respiration rates of ferns (1975) American Fern Journal, 65, pp. 43-48; Maycock, P.F., Botanical studies on Mont. 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    ABSTRACT = { ? Broad-based studies of gymnosperms and angiosperms reveal consistent and functionally significant correlations among foliar traits such as leaf mass per area (LMA), maximum photosynthetic rate (Aarea), foliar nitrogen (Narea), foliar chlorophyll (Chl) and leaf longevity. ? To assess the generality of these relationships, we studied 20 fern species growing in the understorey of a temperate deciduous forest. ? We found that foliar Narea increases with LMA, and that foliar Narea and Aarea are positively correlated with one another, as are foliar Narea and Chl. The ferns in general have very low LMA compared with most seed plants; Aarea, Narea and Chl are below median values for seed plants but are not extreme. Species with overwintering fronds have significantly higher LMA than species with fronds that senesce at the end of the growing season, as well as a significantly higher C : N ratio in frond tissue and relatively high foliar N on an areal basis. ? Correlations among foliar traits associated with gas exchange in these forest understorey ferns are in accordance with patterns reported for seed plants, suggesting a high degree of functional constraint on the interrelationships among key elements in foliar design. © The Authors (2006). },
    KEYWORDS = { Chlorophyll content Foliar design GLOPNET Leaf economics spectrum Leaf mass per area (LMA) Net photosynthetic rate Nitrogen content Seedless vascular plants },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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