Lechowicz1981a

Référence

Lechowicz, M.J. (1981) effects of climatic pattern on lichen productivity: Cetraria cucullata (Bell) Ach. in the arctic tundra of northern Alaska. Oecologia, 50:210-216.

Résumé

The climatic control of productivity for two populations of the lichen Cetraria cucullata (Bell.) Ach. growing in the arctic tundra of northern Alaska (70°28N, 157°23W) was examined. Respiratory losses of carbon vary with tissue temperature, tissue water content, and time since wetting. Potential net photosynthetic gains of carbon are affected by photon flux density, tissue temperature, and water content. The net CO2 exchange responses of populations growing on ridge tundra and on upland tundra differ and these differences reflect possible adaptation to the normal environmental regimes in the two habitats. Simulation of the lichen's net carbon balance using continuous hourly records of photon flux density, temperature, and water content for the unusually dry period June 28 through July 17, 1977 show that lichen biomass is actually lost during climatic regimes leading to frequent but short periods of lichen metabolic activity. This result is confirmed by the negative relative growth rates measured for C. cucullata over the same monitoring period. This observed loss of biomass may be attributable to depletion of carbon reserves to reactivate dormant metabolism without sufficiently long periods favorable for net photosynthetic activity to replenish the lost reserves. These results illustrate that environmental limits exist on the success of the dormancy strategy characteristic of lichen and moss carbon metabolism.

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@ARTICLE { Lechowicz1981a,
    AUTHOR = { Lechowicz, M.J. },
    TITLE = { effects of climatic pattern on lichen productivity: Cetraria cucullata (Bell) Ach. in the arctic tundra of northern Alaska },
    JOURNAL = { Oecologia },
    YEAR = { 1981 },
    VOLUME = { 50 },
    PAGES = { 210-216 },
    ABSTRACT = { The climatic control of productivity for two populations of the lichen Cetraria cucullata (Bell.) Ach. growing in the arctic tundra of northern Alaska (70°28N, 157°23W) was examined. Respiratory losses of carbon vary with tissue temperature, tissue water content, and time since wetting. Potential net photosynthetic gains of carbon are affected by photon flux density, tissue temperature, and water content. The net CO2 exchange responses of populations growing on ridge tundra and on upland tundra differ and these differences reflect possible adaptation to the normal environmental regimes in the two habitats. Simulation of the lichen's net carbon balance using continuous hourly records of photon flux density, temperature, and water content for the unusually dry period June 28 through July 17, 1977 show that lichen biomass is actually lost during climatic regimes leading to frequent but short periods of lichen metabolic activity. This result is confirmed by the negative relative growth rates measured for C. cucullata over the same monitoring period. This observed loss of biomass may be attributable to depletion of carbon reserves to reactivate dormant metabolism without sufficiently long periods favorable for net photosynthetic activity to replenish the lost reserves. These results illustrate that environmental limits exist on the success of the dormancy strategy characteristic of lichen and moss carbon metabolism. },
    DOI = { 10.1007/BF00348040 },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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