LoWangLechowiczEtAl2001

Référence

Lo, E., Wang, Z.M., Lechowicz, M.J., Messier, C., Nikinmaa, E., Perttunen, J., Sievanen, R. (2001) Adaptation of the LIGNUM model for simulations of growth and light response in Jack pine. Forest Ecology and Management, 150(3):279-291.

Résumé

LIGNUM is a whole tree model, developed for Pinus sylvestris in Finland, that combines tree metabolism with a realistic spatial distribution of morphological parts. We hypothesize that its general concepts, which include the pipe model, functional balance, yearly carbon budget, and a set of architectural growth rules, are applicable to all trees. Adaptation of the model to Pinus banksiana, a widespread species of economic importance in North America, is demonstrated. Conversion of the model to Jack pine entailed finding new values for 16 physiological and morphological parameters, and three growth functions. Calibration of the LIGNUM Jack pine model for open grown trees up to 15 years of age was achieved by matching crown appearance and structural parameters (height, foliage biomass, aboveground biomass) with those of real trees. A sensitivity study indicated that uncertainty in the photosynthesis and respiration parameters will primarily cause changes to the net annual carbon gain, which can be corrected through calibration of the growth rate. The effect of a decrease in light level on height, biomass, total tree branch length, and productivity were simulated and compared with field data. Additional studies yielded insight into branch pruning, carbon allocation patterns, crown structure, and carbon stress. We discuss the value of the LIGNUM model as a tool for understanding tree growth and survival dynamics in natural and managed forests. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { LoWangLechowiczEtAl2001,
    AUTHOR = { Lo, E. and Wang, Z.M. and Lechowicz, M.J. and Messier, C. and Nikinmaa, E. and Perttunen, J. and Sievanen, R. },
    TITLE = { Adaptation of the LIGNUM model for simulations of growth and light response in Jack pine },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Ecology and Management },
    YEAR = { 2001 },
    VOLUME = { 150 },
    PAGES = { 279-291 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { 03781127 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 5 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FECMD doi: 10.1016/S0378-1127(00)00587-9 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Lo, E.; Grp. Rech. Ecol. Forest. Interuniv.; Universite du Quebec a Montreal; C.P. 8888, Succursale Centre-Ville Montre?al, Que. H3C 3P8, Canada; email: c1344@er.uqam.ca References: Aber, J., Why don't we believe in models? (1997) Bull. Ecol. Soc. Am., 78 (3), pp. 232-233; Beaufait, W.R., (1960) Influences of shade level and site treatment, including fire, on germination and early survival of Pinus banksiana, , Michigan Department of Conservation, Forestry Division Technical publication no. 1; Berninger, F., Nikinmaa, E., Sieva?nen, R., Nygren, P.A., Modelling of reserve carbohydrate dynamics, regrowth and nodulation in a N2-fixing tree managed by periodic printings (2000) Plant Cell Environ., 23 (10), pp. 1025-1040; Brouwer, R., Distribution of dry matter in the plant (1962) Neth. J. Agric. Sci., 10, pp. 361-376; Brouwer, R., Functional equilibrium: Sense or nonsense? (1983) Neth. J. Agric. Sci., 31, pp. 335-348; De Reffye, P., Fourcaud, T., Blaise, F., Barthe?le?my, D., Houllien, F., A functional model of tree growth and tree architecture (1997) Silva Fennica, 31 (3), pp. 297-311; (1984) Monthly Radiation Summary 25; Givnish, T.J., Adaptation to sun and shade: A whole plant perspective (1988) Aust. J. Plant Physiol., 15, pp. 63-92; Gonzalez, J.S., Wood density of Canadian tree species (1990) Forestry Canada Informational Report NORX-315; Hegyi, F., (1969) A study of basic density variation in Jack pine, pp. 0-17. , Can. Dep. Fish. For., Can. For. Serv., For. Res. Lab., Sault Ste. Marie, Ont., Intern. Rep; Kellomaki, S., Strandman, H., A model for the structural growth of young Scots pine crowns based on light interception by shoots (1995) Ecol. Model., 80, pp. 237-250; Korzukhin, M.D., Ter-Mikaelian, M.T., Wagner, R.G., Process versus empirical models: Which approach for forest ecosystem management? (1996) Can. J. For. Res., 26, pp. 879-887; Kurth, W., Morphological models of plant growth: Possibilities and ecological relevance (1994) Ecol. Model., 75-76, pp. 299-308; Landsberg, J.J., Gower, S.T., (1997) Applications of Physiological Ecology to Forest Management, , Academic Press, Toronto; Lavigne, M.B., Comparing stem respiration and growth of Jack pine provenances from northern and southern locations (1996) Tree Physiol., 16, pp. 847-852; Logan, K.T., (1966) Growth of tree seedlings as affected by light intensity. II. Red pine, White pine, Jack pine and Eastern larch, , Department of Forestry Publication no. 1160, Canada; Longpre?, M.-H., Bergeron, Y., Pare?, D., Effect of companion species on the growth of jack pine (Pinus banksiana) (1994) Can. J. For. Res., 24, pp. 1846-1853; Messier, C., Doucet, R., Ruel, J.C., Claveau, Y., Kelly, C., Lechowicz, M., Functional ecology of advance regeneration in relation to light in boreal forests (1999) Can. J. For. Res., 29, pp. 812-823; Ma?kela?, A., Stand growth model based on carbon uptake and allocation in individual trees (1986) Ecol. Model., 33, pp. 205-229; Ma?kela?, A., Structural-functional relationships in whole tree growth: Resource allocation (1997) Process Modeling of Forest Growth Responses to Environmental Stress, pp. 81-95. , Dixon, R.K., Meldahl, R.S., Ruark, G.A., Warren, W.G. (Eds.). Timber Press, Portland, OR; Messier, C., Nikinmaa, E., Effects of light availability and sapling size on the growth, biomass allocation and crown morphology of understory sugar maple, yellow birch and american beech (2000) Ecoscience, 7 (3), pp. 345-356; Nikinmaa, E., Analyses of the growth of Scots pine; matching structure with function (1992) AFF, 235, pp. 1-68; Oker-Blom, P., Smolander, H., The ratio of shoot silhouette area to total needle area in Scots pine (1988) For. Sci., 34 (4), pp. 894-906; Perttunen, J., Sievanen, R., Nikinmaa, E., LIGNUM: A model combining the structure and the functioning of trees (1998) Ecol. Model., 108, pp. 189-198; Perttunen, J., Sievanen, R., Nikinmaa, E., Salminen, H., Saarenmaa, H., Vakeva, J., LIGNUM: A tree model based on simple structural units (1996) Ann. Bot., 77, pp. 87-98; Raulier, F., Ung, C.-H., Begin, J., Analytical estimation of branchwood volume in sugar maple linked to branchiness (1998) Trees, 12, pp. 395-405; Ross, J., (1981) The Radiation Regime and Architecture of Plant Stands, , Dr. W. Junk Publishers, The Hague; Rudolph, T.D., Laidly, P.R., Jack pine (1990) Silvics of North America, Vol. 1, Conifers, 1, pp. 280-293. , Bums, R.M., Honkala, B.H. (Eds.). USDA Forest Service, Washington DC; Ryan, M.G., Foliar maintenance respiration of subalpine and boreal trees and shrubs in relation to nitrogen content (1995) Plant Cell Environ., 18, pp. 765-772; Salminen, H., Saarenmaa, H., Perttunen, J., Sieva?nen, R., Va?keva?, I., Nikinmaa, E., Modeling trees using an object-oriented scheme (1994) Math. Comput. 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Ecol., 14, pp. 97-105; Stewart, J.D., Hoddinott, J., Photosynthetic acclimation to elevated atmospheric carbon dioxide and UV irradiation in Pinus banksiana (1993) Physiol. Plants, 88 (3), pp. 493-500; Takenaka, A., A simulation model of tree architecture development based on response to local light environment (1994) J. Plant Res., 107, pp. 321-330; Ter-Mikaelian, M.T., Korzukhin, M.D., Biomass equations for sixty-five North American tree species (1997) For. Ecol. Manage., 97, pp. 1-24; Yang, K.C., Hazenberg, G., Sapwood and heartwood width relationship to tree age in Pinus banksiana (1991) Can. J. For. Res., 21, pp. 521-525. },
    ABSTRACT = { LIGNUM is a whole tree model, developed for Pinus sylvestris in Finland, that combines tree metabolism with a realistic spatial distribution of morphological parts. We hypothesize that its general concepts, which include the pipe model, functional balance, yearly carbon budget, and a set of architectural growth rules, are applicable to all trees. Adaptation of the model to Pinus banksiana, a widespread species of economic importance in North America, is demonstrated. Conversion of the model to Jack pine entailed finding new values for 16 physiological and morphological parameters, and three growth functions. Calibration of the LIGNUM Jack pine model for open grown trees up to 15 years of age was achieved by matching crown appearance and structural parameters (height, foliage biomass, aboveground biomass) with those of real trees. A sensitivity study indicated that uncertainty in the photosynthesis and respiration parameters will primarily cause changes to the net annual carbon gain, which can be corrected through calibration of the growth rate. The effect of a decrease in light level on height, biomass, total tree branch length, and productivity were simulated and compared with field data. Additional studies yielded insight into branch pruning, carbon allocation patterns, crown structure, and carbon stress. We discuss the value of the LIGNUM model as a tool for understanding tree growth and survival dynamics in natural and managed forests. © 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved. },
    KEYWORDS = { Carbon gain Forest dynamics Light interception Pinus banksiana Lamb. Tree architecture Whole-tree growth model Biomass Carbon Computer simulation Growth kinetics Metabolism Morphology Photosynthesis Plants (botany) Adaptation Forestry growth modeling light effect parameterization tree Paragnetina Pinus banksiana Pinus sylvestris },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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