MarksLechowicz2006

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Marks, C.O., Lechowicz, M.J. (2006) Alternative designs and the evolution of functional diversity. American Naturalist, 167(1):55-66.

Résumé

According to conventional wisdom, functional diversity is exclusively a consequence of species having evolved adaptations to fill different niches within a heterogeneous environment. This view anticipates only one optimal combination of trait values in a given environment, but it is also conceivable that alternative designs of equal fitness in the same environment might evolve. To investigate that possibility, we use a genetic algorithm to search for optimal combinations of 34 functional traits in a realistic model of tree seedling growth and survival. We show that separate lineages of seedlings evolving in identical environments result in many alternative functional designs of approximately equal fitness. © 2006 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved.

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@ARTICLE { MarksLechowicz2006,
    AUTHOR = { Marks, C.O. and Lechowicz, M.J. },
    TITLE = { Alternative designs and the evolution of functional diversity },
    JOURNAL = { American Naturalist },
    YEAR = { 2006 },
    VOLUME = { 167 },
    PAGES = { 55-66 },
    NUMBER = { 1 },
    NOTE = { 00030147 (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 7 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: AMNTA doi: 10.1086/498276 Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Marks, C.O.; Biology Department; McGill University; 1205 Dr. Penfield Avenue Montreal, Que. 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    ABSTRACT = { According to conventional wisdom, functional diversity is exclusively a consequence of species having evolved adaptations to fill different niches within a heterogeneous environment. This view anticipates only one optimal combination of trait values in a given environment, but it is also conceivable that alternative designs of equal fitness in the same environment might evolve. To investigate that possibility, we use a genetic algorithm to search for optimal combinations of 34 functional traits in a realistic model of tree seedling growth and survival. We show that separate lineages of seedlings evolving in identical environments result in many alternative functional designs of approximately equal fitness. © 2006 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved. },
    KEYWORDS = { Alternative designs Convergent evolution Functional diversity Niche overlap Trait adaptation Tree seedlings adaptation convergent evolution functional role niche },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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