NaidooLechowicz2001

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Naidoo, R., Lechowicz, M.J. (2001) Effects of gypsy moth on radial growth of deciduous trees. Forest Science, 47(3):338-348.

Résumé

We investigated the effect of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) larval abundance on annual radial growth of preferred, intermediate, and avoided host trees: northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.), sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.), and white ash (Fraxinus americana L.), respectively. Individual trees were surveyed for gypsy moth larvae from 1979 to 1992 in a chronically infested forest on a drought-prone site in southwestern Que?bec. Increment cores were collected from 156 oaks, 39 maples, and 39 ash, and annual radial growth indices from 1950 to 1992 were calculated for each species. Growth was corrected for the influence of climate using regression models. For red oak, the average number of gypsy moth larvae per tree explained 73% of the variance in growth not explained by climate. Sugar maple and white ash growth was not correlated with gypsy moth larval numbers. These results are consistent with gypsy moth host preferences and provide evidence that nonepidemic levels of gypsy moth larvae can have a significant negative effect on the radial growth of individual trees.

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@ARTICLE { NaidooLechowicz2001,
    AUTHOR = { Naidoo, R. and Lechowicz, M.J. },
    TITLE = { Effects of gypsy moth on radial growth of deciduous trees },
    JOURNAL = { Forest Science },
    YEAR = { 2001 },
    VOLUME = { 47 },
    PAGES = { 338-348 },
    NUMBER = { 3 },
    NOTE = { 0015749X (ISSN) Cited By (since 1996): 10 Export Date: 26 April 2007 Source: Scopus CODEN: FOSCA Language of Original Document: English Correspondence Address: Naidoo, R.; Department of Biological Sciences; University of Alberta Edmonton, AB T6G 2E9, Canada; email: naidoo@ualberta.ca References: Ahlgren, C.E., Phenological observations of nineteen native tree species in northeastern Minnesota (1957) Ecology, 38, pp. 622-628; Baker, W.L., Effect of gypsy moth defoliation on certain forest trees (1941) J. For., 39, pp. 1017-1022; Bauce, E., Allen, D.C., Etiology of a sugar maple decline (1991) Can. J. For. Res., 21, pp. 686-693; Bess, H.A., Spurr, S.H., Littlefield, E.W., Forest site conditions and the gypsy moth (1947) Harv. For. Bull., 22, pp. 1-56; Blasing, T.J., Stahle, D.W., Duvick, D.N., Tree ring-based reconstruction of annual precipitation in the south-central United States from 1750 to 1980 (1988) Water Resour. 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    ABSTRACT = { We investigated the effect of gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar L.) larval abundance on annual radial growth of preferred, intermediate, and avoided host trees: northern red oak (Quercus rubra L.), sugar maple (Acer saccharum Marsh.), and white ash (Fraxinus americana L.), respectively. Individual trees were surveyed for gypsy moth larvae from 1979 to 1992 in a chronically infested forest on a drought-prone site in southwestern Que?bec. Increment cores were collected from 156 oaks, 39 maples, and 39 ash, and annual radial growth indices from 1950 to 1992 were calculated for each species. Growth was corrected for the influence of climate using regression models. For red oak, the average number of gypsy moth larvae per tree explained 73% of the variance in growth not explained by climate. Sugar maple and white ash growth was not correlated with gypsy moth larval numbers. These results are consistent with gypsy moth host preferences and provide evidence that nonepidemic levels of gypsy moth larvae can have a significant negative effect on the radial growth of individual trees. },
    KEYWORDS = { Acer saccharum Dendroecology Fraxinus americana Lymantria dispar Quercus rubra Drought Growth kinetics Insect control Regression analysis Radial growth Forestry Acer saccharum Fraxinus americana Lymantria dispar Quercus rubra },
    OWNER = { brugerolles },
    TIMESTAMP = { 2007.12.05 },
}

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