LabrecqueTeodorescuCogliastroEtAl1993

Référence

Labrecque, M., Teodorescu, T.I., Cogliastro, A., Daigle, S. (1993) Growth-patterns and biomass productivity of 2 salix species grown under short-rotation intensive culture in southern quebec. Biomass and Bioenergy, 4(6):419-425.

Résumé

Samples of two species of Salix, Salix discolor, which grows naturally in the northern half of North America and S. viminalis, which originated from central Europe, were studied to compare their productivity and their growth patterns under the short-rotation, intensive-culture system (SRIC). The study was conducted in the nursery of the Montreal Botanical Garden on former agricultural land. The plantation was established at a density of 27,000 trees per hectare from unrooted cuttings without any fertilizer or irrigation. Growth parameters were measured at regular intervals during summer of the two first years following planting. At the end of each growing season, after leaf drop, a part of each plot was cut down and the stems and branches were harvested and weighed to evaluate their annual growth rates and their biomass yields. For the first growing season, height growth in both species was greater than 2 m. Although S. viminalis grew more rapidly early in summer, S. discolor grew about three weeks longer and its total height at the end of the growing season was greater than the former. Meanwhile the stem-branch dry weight of S. discolor was similar to the one produced by S. viminalis. Two growing seasons after establishment, the total tree height was about 3.5 m for both species, while the biomass of stems and branches of S. viminalis was weakly superior in comparison to S. discolor and reached very high values-about 27 Mg ha-1 for S. viminalis. The growth patterns and yields of the one-year-old coppice (one-year-cycle) were similar to those recorded at the end of the first year for trees developed directly from cuttings. Both species produced a comparable quantity of sprout biomass. The yield of the trees harvested two years after planting was about twice the total biomass harvested two times, at the end of each growing season, suggesting that a two-year cycle is more productive than a one-year cycle.

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@ARTICLE { LabrecqueTeodorescuCogliastroEtAl1993,
    AUTHOR = { Labrecque, M. and Teodorescu, T.I. and Cogliastro, A. and Daigle, S. },
    TITLE = { Growth-patterns and biomass productivity of 2 salix species grown under short-rotation intensive culture in southern quebec },
    JOURNAL = { Biomass and Bioenergy },
    YEAR = { 1993 },
    VOLUME = { 4 },
    PAGES = { 419-425 },
    NUMBER = { 6 },
    NOTE = { Labrecque, m teodorescu, ti cogliastro, a daigle, s },
    ABSTRACT = { Samples of two species of Salix, Salix discolor, which grows naturally in the northern half of North America and S. viminalis, which originated from central Europe, were studied to compare their productivity and their growth patterns under the short-rotation, intensive-culture system (SRIC). The study was conducted in the nursery of the Montreal Botanical Garden on former agricultural land. The plantation was established at a density of 27,000 trees per hectare from unrooted cuttings without any fertilizer or irrigation. Growth parameters were measured at regular intervals during summer of the two first years following planting. At the end of each growing season, after leaf drop, a part of each plot was cut down and the stems and branches were harvested and weighed to evaluate their annual growth rates and their biomass yields. For the first growing season, height growth in both species was greater than 2 m. Although S. viminalis grew more rapidly early in summer, S. discolor grew about three weeks longer and its total height at the end of the growing season was greater than the former. Meanwhile the stem-branch dry weight of S. discolor was similar to the one produced by S. viminalis. Two growing seasons after establishment, the total tree height was about 3.5 m for both species, while the biomass of stems and branches of S. viminalis was weakly superior in comparison to S. discolor and reached very high values-about 27 Mg ha-1 for S. viminalis. The growth patterns and yields of the one-year-old coppice (one-year-cycle) were similar to those recorded at the end of the first year for trees developed directly from cuttings. Both species produced a comparable quantity of sprout biomass. The yield of the trees harvested two years after planting was about twice the total biomass harvested two times, at the end of each growing season, suggesting that a two-year cycle is more productive than a one-year cycle. },
}

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