LabrecqueTeodorescuDaigle1995

Référence

Labrecque, M., Teodorescu, T.I., Daigle, S. (1995) Effect of waste-water sludge on growth and heavy-metal bioaccumulation of 2 salix species. Plant and Soil, 171(2):303-316.

Résumé

Fast-growing tree species, such as willows, can benefit from sludge application. While sludges are good fertilizers, they may contain heavy metals which could reduce productivity and cause environment risks. The aims of the present research were to: i) determine the biomass production of Salix discolor Muhl. and Salix viminalis L. when supplied with various amounts of dried and pelleted sludge and ii) assess the uptake and accumulation of heavy metals. Trials were carried out using unrooted cuttings that were planted in large plastic pots containing sandy soil and grown outdoors for a 20-week period. Five doses of sludge were applied: the equivalents of 0 (T0), 40 (T1), 80 (T2), 120 (T3), 160 (T4) and 200 (T5) kg available N ha(-1). Trees which received the highest dosage of sludge showed the best growth. Stem biomass was significantly greater for S. viminalis which had received sludge treatments. The relationship between the total biomass yield Y (g) and the rate of fertilization X (equivalent to kg of available nitrogen provided per hectare) is linear. Regression equations of predicted biomass production were established as follows: S. discolor, Y = 28.36 + 0.56X and S. viminalis, Y = 39.95 + 0.64X. For both species, the greatest stem biomass per g of N applied was produced with treatments 4 and 5. Amounts of nitrogen per leaf area (N/LA) and per dry leaf mass (N/DL) were higher for S. viminalis. The metal transfer coefficient did not vary between the species but was significantly different for Cd and Zn. Plants were able to absorb Cd and Zn, but were less able to absorb Ni, Hg, Cu, and Pb. It was concluded that the dried and pelleted sludge is a good fertilizer. S. discolor and particularly S. viminalis can be used as filters for the purification of wastewater sludge as well as for biomass production purposes.

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@ARTICLE { LabrecqueTeodorescuDaigle1995,
    AUTHOR = { Labrecque, M. and Teodorescu, T.I. and Daigle, S. },
    TITLE = { Effect of waste-water sludge on growth and heavy-metal bioaccumulation of 2 salix species },
    JOURNAL = { Plant and Soil },
    YEAR = { 1995 },
    VOLUME = { 171 },
    PAGES = { 303-316 },
    NUMBER = { 2 },
    NOTE = { Labrecque, m teodorescu, ti daigle, s },
    ABSTRACT = { Fast-growing tree species, such as willows, can benefit from sludge application. While sludges are good fertilizers, they may contain heavy metals which could reduce productivity and cause environment risks. The aims of the present research were to: i) determine the biomass production of Salix discolor Muhl. and Salix viminalis L. when supplied with various amounts of dried and pelleted sludge and ii) assess the uptake and accumulation of heavy metals. Trials were carried out using unrooted cuttings that were planted in large plastic pots containing sandy soil and grown outdoors for a 20-week period. Five doses of sludge were applied: the equivalents of 0 (T0), 40 (T1), 80 (T2), 120 (T3), 160 (T4) and 200 (T5) kg available N ha(-1). Trees which received the highest dosage of sludge showed the best growth. Stem biomass was significantly greater for S. viminalis which had received sludge treatments. The relationship between the total biomass yield Y (g) and the rate of fertilization X (equivalent to kg of available nitrogen provided per hectare) is linear. Regression equations of predicted biomass production were established as follows: S. discolor, Y = 28.36 + 0.56X and S. viminalis, Y = 39.95 + 0.64X. For both species, the greatest stem biomass per g of N applied was produced with treatments 4 and 5. Amounts of nitrogen per leaf area (N/LA) and per dry leaf mass (N/DL) were higher for S. viminalis. The metal transfer coefficient did not vary between the species but was significantly different for Cd and Zn. Plants were able to absorb Cd and Zn, but were less able to absorb Ni, Hg, Cu, and Pb. It was concluded that the dried and pelleted sludge is a good fertilizer. S. discolor and particularly S. viminalis can be used as filters for the purification of wastewater sludge as well as for biomass production purposes. },
}

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